Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Sergii Iermakov Open Journal Systems <p>Journal “Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports" (e-ISSN 2664-9837)</p> <p>The journal publishes articles in the sub-disciplines relating to the broad&nbsp;fields Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports: theory and technique of physical training; physical activity and health; sports science; biomechanics; kinesiology; motor control and learning; public health (as relevant to sport and exercise), and physical rehabilitation and recreation. All these fields should be considered from the point of view of pedagogy.</p> <div style="background: #D2E4FA; float: right; width: 170px; border-radius: 5px 5px 5px 5px; text-align: center; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; color: #ffffff;"><a href="/index.php/ppcs/user/register" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Make a Submission</strong></a></div> <div style="text-align: left;">To submit your manuscript, you need the following files: 1. <a href="/index.php/ppcs/about/submissions#4"> Title page: title, authors, abstract, keywords</a>; 2. <a href="/index.php/ppcs/about/submissions#26"> Information about the authors</a>; 3. <a href="/fullpdf/Journal_Template_ppcs.docx" target="_blank" rel="noopener">A main document file</a>; 4. <a href="/fullpdf/ppcs_dec.pdf"> Author Agreement Form</a>.</div> <p>Article Processing Charges (APC) <a href="/index.php/ppcs/about/submissions#25" target="_blank" rel="noopener">more...</a>.</p> <p>Journal “Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports" (Abbreviated key-title: Pedagogy phys. cult. sports; <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ISSN 2664-9837</a>).</p> <p>Continues:</p> <ul> <li class="show"><a style="color: #000000;" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> <u><em>Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports</em></u> [Web of Science Core Collection (ESCI - 2004-2019)]</a>;</li> <li class="show"><a style="color: #000000;" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> <u><em> Pedagogìka, Psihologìâ ta Mediko-bìologìčnì Problemi Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ ì Sportu </em></u> (2008-2012; Ukrainian, Russian, English);</a></li> <li class="show"><a style="color: #000000;" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> <u><em> Pedagogìka, Psihologìâ ta Mediko-bìologìčnì Problemi Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ ì Sportu </em></u> (1997-2007; Ukrainian, Russian)</a></li> </ul> <p>Journal is published 6 times per year (bimonthly: February, April, June, August, October, December).</p> <p>All articles have <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOI (digital object identifier)</a><br> <br> All authors have <a href="">ORCID</a><br> <br> Web of Science Core Collection (ESCI), Scopus: <a href="/index.php/ppcs/pages/view/Indexing">See more ►</a><br> <a href=";ISSN=*2664-9837" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/images/esci.jpg" width="50" height="49"></a> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/images/citescore2020.png" width="90" height="50"></a> <a title="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" href=";tip=sid&amp;exact=no"><img src="" alt="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" width="50" height="50" border="0"></a></p> <p><a href=""><img src="" alt="Flag Counter" border="0"></a></p> <hr noshade="noshade" size="1" width="100%"> An analysis of the relationship between critical velocity and anaerobic speed reserve with match running profile in football 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Hamit Cihan <p><em>Background and Study Aim</em>. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between critical velocity (CV) and anaerobic speed reserve (ASR) with match running profile in football.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods</em>. The research group consisted of fifteen young male football players (n=15, age=16.60±0.51 years, height=177.40±5.25 cm, weight=67.20±5.52 kg, body mass index=21.32±0.96 kg/m<sup>2</sup>). Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 test (Yo-Yo IRT) was performed to determine maximal aerobic speed (MAS). Maximal sprint speed (MSS) was determined by 30-meter sprint test. CV and ADC parameters were obtained by linear regression model (Lin-TD: linear total distance model) between the covered distance and running duration in 800-meter and 2400-meter running tests. A 90-minutes football match was played to determine the subjects’ match running profile (covered distance in every running category), which was examined by means of a global positioning system (GPS) device in five running categories (walking: 0-6.9 km/h, low intensity running: 7-12.9 km/h, middle intensity running: 13-17.9 km/h, high intensity running: 18-20.9 km/h, sprint: &gt;21 km/h). Correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis was employed to analyse the collected data.</p> <p><em>Results. </em>It was found that CV was significantly and positively correlated with total running distance as well as low and middle intensity running (p&lt;0.05). A significant and negative correlation was found between ASR and all match running profiles (p&lt;0.05). Both CV and ASR were significant predictors of high intensity running, maximum running speed and total running distance during match (p&lt;0.05). However, while CV was a significant predictor of sprint running, ASR significantly predicted walking (p&lt;0.05).</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>Consequently, it may be concluded that in football, aerobic fitness is positively correlated to CV and negatively to ASR.</p> 2022-10-27T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Housework-based exercise versus conventional exercise on health-related fitness of adolescent learners 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Jem Cloyd M. Tanucan Marino A. Garcia Marlon T. Bojos <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> There is a void in the literature comparing the fitness effects of housework-based exercise (HBE) and conventional exercise (CE), including studies that adapt housework into an exercise program. This study examines the effectiveness of HBE and CE on adolescent learners' health-related fitness (HRF) and compares the effectiveness of the two exercises.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods. </em>This study uses a parallel-group, randomized controlled trial with 120 adolescent learners; 60 are in the HBE group, and 60 are in the CE group. The participants in the HBE group exercised using housework activities, while the participants in the CE group exercised by doing push and pull, squats, lunges, leaps and jumps, planks, etc. The participants in both groups trained for at least an hour every weekday for 12 weeks under the supervision of qualified fitness instructors.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> The findings show that HBE improves the fitness levels of adolescent learners, albeit it has no significant improvement in their BMI. Furthermore, HBE significantly improves the cardiorespiratory fitness of females more than males. Finally, CE outperforms the HBE in producing more significant and favorable fitness effects.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> When planned, implemented, and monitored carefully as an exercise program, doing housework is just as good as doing traditional exercise for keeping or improving adolescent learners’ fitness. Furthermore, the findings indicate that HBE may be more appropriate for females because it involves household-related tasks that they traditionally perform.However, CE produces more positive and significant fitness effects. Thus, teachers can use HBE in the remote exercise activities of their learners along with CE.</p> 2022-10-28T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The influence of jumping performance and coordination on the spike ability of young volleyball athletes 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Guntur Guntur Mohd Izwan Shahril Suhadi Suhadi Erwin Setyo Kriswanto Ali Md Nadzalan <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> Spike is the most important techniques to be mastered due to its big impacts to volleyball match. There is still lack of study to evaluate and discusses how the role of jumping performance and coordination in volleyball could affect spike ability. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of these variables on spike ability.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods. </em>This study used a quantitative descriptive method, involved 42 participants (20 men and 22 women). The jump performance was measured using MyJump 2 application which can measure flight time, force, jump height, jumping power and speed based on free-arm jumping method. Then, the measurement of coordination was done using an alternative hand wall test. Spike ability is shown by the results of the hit and spike performance. Spike performance was based on The Volleyball Test Skills for Smasher. For spike performance, data collection is based on observations from five phases of spike movement; i) Initial posture; ii) Initial Motion; iii) Motion of Appeal; iv) Advanced Motion; v) Placement of the ball, using the scoring points 1-4. All the data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson Correlation.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Results. </em>The results of the study show that in the perspective of gender differences, almost all variables had significant difference between men and women on flight time (0.028 &lt; 0.05), force (0.001 &lt; 0.01), jump height (0.040 &lt; 0). 0.05), strength (0.001 &lt; 0.01), and speed (0.028 &lt; 0.05), coupled with coordination (0.003 &lt; 0.01), hit results (0.181 &gt; 0.05), and spike performance (0.216 &gt; 0.05). Meanwhile, the relationship between variables were found to be significant (p-value &lt; 0.01) on the five jumping performance variables. Another significant correlation obtained from the results of calculations between coordination and jump height (0.033 &lt; 0.05), coordination with strength (0.044 &lt; 0.05), coordination with spike hitting results was significant (0.003 &lt; 0.01). Instead of them, relationship between one and another was not found significant relationship (p-value &gt; 0.05).</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>Coaches can use the information in this study as a guideline to develop training program to improve their athletes effectiveness in spiking.</p> 2022-10-28T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The different influence of speed, agility and aerobic capacity toward soccer skills of youth player 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Komarudin Komarudin Suharjana Suharjana Yudanto Yudanto Moh Nanang Himawan Kusuma <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>The significant influence of speed, agility and aerobic fitness on youth soccer performance is described by current football literature. The sensitive phases of age development of students have been stated to have a different influence compared to professional players. The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of speed, agility and aerobic fitness on soccer skills to the Student Activity Units (UKM) of Football.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods. </em>The method used in the correlation research study is a descriptive-quantitative with a cross-sectional approach. The population study was all 35 members of UKM football players and the sample was selected through purposive methods sampling. Furthermore, the instruments to be applied are (1) speed with 30 meters sprint test; (2) agility through a 5-meters shuttle run; (3) aerobic endurance by using the 20m Beep-test protocol; (4) soccer skill using David Lee’s test. The SPSS 28 program was used for the statistical operations in the analytical data technique, followed by prerequisite analysis tests, namely the normality test and homogeneity test, as well as a hypothesis test to confirm the hypothesis.</p> <p><em>Results. </em>The result shows that there is a correlation in positive values between both the independent and dependent variables. Statistical analysis confirms that there is a correlation and positive impact of speed, agility and aerobic capacity of football skills. Significant differences in correlations were found in the speed, agility and aerobic capacity of the participants (p &lt; 0.05).</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>Physical activity based on the anaerobic system has a positive effect on individual skills. In contrast, aerobic capacity plays a role more in the complex skills of football games in real situations.</p> 2022-10-28T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The effectiveness of folk physical activity and food education programme on body mass, nutrition knowledge and consumption behaviour among overweight primary school children in Southern Thailand 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Firdaos Saemoh Musara Jeadeng Dusanee Suwankhong Chamnan Chinnasee Ali Md Nadzalan <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> Overweight status among primary school children is recognized a major public health problem in Thailand. As the rates of overweight is higher than the key performance indicator targeted by the government, it is important for necessary measures and actions to be taken to solve the problem. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of folk physical activity and food education program on body mass, nutrition knowledge score and consumption behaviour among overweight primary school children in Southern Thailand.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> Thirty-eight (N=38) primary school children of grade 4-6 were recruited and divided into experimental group (13 boys and 6 girls) and control group (12 boys and 7 girls). The intervention was conducted in six weeks. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> Results showed the post-food consumption knowledge and behaviour between experimental and control groups were significantly difference (<em>p</em>&lt;0.001;<em> p</em>&lt;0.05), respectively. Post-body mass of experimental group decreased after participation (<em>p</em>&lt;0.01) and it is in contrast to control group which significantly increased (<em>p</em>&lt;0.01).</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>Results demonstrated that the combination of providing appropriate physical activity programme and food consumption education can result in reducing body mass among overweight primary school children. Besides, children can also learn about the food consumption and apply it as behaviour from younger age. Such programme should be promoted among all students continually and should be added and frequently conducted in the school health programme, so that student can do it&nbsp; as their daily routine towards realizing the national plan of having healthy generations in the future.</p> 2022-11-12T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Increasing the functional capabilities of Mixed Martial Arts athletes in the process of optimizing different regimes of power load 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Veaceslav Manolachi Andrii Chernozub Vladimir Potop Yaroslav Zoriy Aibol Kulbayev Gheorghe Braniște Andrii Savenko <p><em>Background and Study Aim</em>. To study the influence of power load regimes different in energy supply and intensity on functional capabilities of Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) athletes.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods</em>. We examined 75 men aged 19±0.7 who had been practicing MMA for 4±0.8 years. The athletes were divided into 3 groups, 25 participants in each group. The study participants used power load regimes of different intensity in conditions of anaerobic-glycolytic and anaerobic-alactate energy supply of muscle activity. The study lasted 12 weeks. To assess the functional capabilities of athletes in these conditions we used the method of maximum strength development (1 RM). Control of biochemical blood parameters (creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase, testosterone) allowed determining features of adaptive and compensatory body reactions in response to loads.</p> <p><em>Results. </em>During the study the 3rd group athletes showed the most pronounced increase (by 40.1%; р&lt;0.05) in strength capabilities development. These changes were observed in conditions of anaerobic-alactate mechanism of energy supply. The smallest dynamics in the studied indicators was fixed in group 1 athletes. They used low-intensity training loads in conditions of anaerobic-glycolytic mechanism of energy supply. The results of laboratory studies showed different changes in the studied biochemical parameters of blood. The basal creatinine level in group 3 athletes was 12 times higher than in group 1 athletes. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in group 1 athletes increased by 10 times in response to physical load compared to group 3 results. The basal level of LDH activity increased in group 1 (by 14.6%) and 2 (by 6.7%) athletes. The basal testosterone level increased in athletes of group 3 (by 14.4%) and 2 (by 5.6%). The basal level of the studied hormone had no changes in group 1 representatives.</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>Accelerated increase in functional capabilities of MMA athletes was observed during high-intensity power loads in conditions of anaerobic-alactate energy supply mechanism. Using this power load regime will strengthen the adaptive body reserves of athletes at the stage of specialized basic training. Determining characteristics in the studied biochemical indicators in response to stress stimuli will allow to optimize training load regimes. The changes in these indicators will also allow to improve strength training in MMA in the shortest possible time.</p> 2022-12-10T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Functional readiness and properties of the nervous system peculiarities of art specialties’ future teachers 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Oleksii Kozin Zhanneta Kozina Vitalii Korobeinik <p><em>Background and purpose.</em> The future professional work of students of the Faculty of Arts is characterized by an insufficient level of physical activity of a dynamic nature in combination with a large static load and highly coordinated finger work. Representatives of these specialties have their own psychological characteristics. Purpose: to reveal the peculiarities of the properties of the nervous system and the functional potential of the cardiovascular system of students - future teachers of fine arts and music and, based on the obtained data, to develop recommendations for physical education and sports.</p> <p><em>Material and methods.</em> Students of Pedagogical University took part in the study. The total number of students was 812. 24 of them were students of the Faculty of Arts. Future specialists in physical education and sports took part in the number of 25 people. 763 students were representatives of other faculties. Properties of the nervous system were determined using psychophysiological testing. During psychophysiological testing, the reaction time and the number of errors were determined for each test. The indicators of the orthostatic test were used as indicators of functional readiness. In the orthostatic test, the heart rate was measured in the lying position and in the standing position and the difference between these indicators. Statistical analysis involved comparing students of the Faculty of Arts with students of other faculties using parametric methods, since all samples corresponded to a normal distribution.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> Future teachers of creative specialties have reliably the least mobility in combination with the highest stability of nervous processes in comparison with representatives of other pedagogical specialties. Reliable differences were found between the indicators of orthostatic reactions of students of the Faculty of Arts and the faculty where future sports coaches are trained. Orthostatic regulation is significantly better in students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports.</p> <p><em>Conclusions</em>. It is necessary to adjust the program of physical education of students of creative specialties to increase the interest of students and to match physical exercises to the features of the nervous system of students of the Faculty of Arts. Future teachers of creative specialties can be recommended to engage in any kind of sport or motor activity, but the most suitable for them are exercises that require the development of endurance in combination with the inclusion of cognitive processes and concentration: walks with observation of nature and the city, exercises performed to music, exercises with a concentration on various natural images, etc.</p> 2022-10-30T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The influence of the ethno-territorial factor on the state of physical abilities development of students of Ukrainian educational institutions 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Igor Vypasniak Iryna Ivanyshyn Vasyl Lutskii Oleksandra Huzak Vira Yukhymuk Ivan Salatenko Andrii Svatiev <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> The development of motor skills depends on the process of physical development, as well as the ethno-territorial and cultural context. The study of inter-ethnic differences can provide information about how different lifestyles and contexts of physical activity can influence the process of motor competence development. This can be a real strategy for developing students’ lagging basic motor skills. <em>The purpose of the work</em> is to investigate the ethno-territorial variability of the level of development of physical abilities of students studying at Ukrainian universities.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> Data were obtained from cross-sectional surveys from 2014 to 2019. Students of Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University (Ukraine) (young men, n = 488, age 18–25) from different countries were recruited. Pedagogical testing was carried out using a battery of tests that were recommended by the State Tests of Physical Fitness of the Population of Ukraine and the European Sports Council (Evrofit Test Battery). Assessment of physical fitness of students was carried out on the basis of a combined percentage scale of multi-level gradation with a step of 1%. Experimental data were processed using the SPSS Statistics 17.0 program.</p> <p><em>Results. </em>In almost all countries (with the exception of India and Tunisia), from 41.2% to 70.0% of students are characterized by a low level of development of cardiorespiratory endurance and speed-power fitness (from 54.4% to 58.3%). More than 50.0% of students from Jordan and Egypt have a low level of speed and strength abilities and flexibility. It was found that students from India and Tunisia have the highest rates (endurance - 75.5–80.8%); from China and Tunisia (speed-power abilities - from 69.1% to 78.8%); from Tunisia (speed –79.8%); from China and Tunisia (flexibility -70%); test participants completed the test; from China (power capacity – 76.7%). Students from European countries showed mostly average and above average level of development of physical abilities.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> The results of the study indicate the specificity of the development of motor skills of students from different countries, which is manifested in statistically significant differences in the results of test tasks. Students from different countries perform better on those tests that are closer to their known motor experience. This is due to the cultural environment, geographical factor, socio-economic status, as well as the content and goals of the physical education program.</p> 2022-12-19T14:27:52+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pattern recognition: the effect of exercise performance modes on the effectiveness of teaching the vault to 8-year-old boys 2022-12-30T15:17:03+02:00 Volodymyr Rukavytsia Olha Ivashchenko Oleg Khudolii Tetiana Yermakova Sergii Iermakov <p><em>Background and Study Aim</em>. The study purpose was to determine the effect of exercise performance modes on the effectiveness of teaching the vault to 8-year-old boys.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Materials</em> <em>and</em> <em>methods</em><em>.</em> The study participants were 32 boys aged 8 who were divided into 4 groups of 8 pesons. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The pedagogical experiment investigated the effect of the number of sets (х<sub>1</sub>), the number of repetitions in a set (х<sub>2</sub>), and a 60-second rest time on the change in the gain in the level of proficiency of 8-year-old boys in straddle vault over the buck. A method of algorithmic instructions was used in the training. The participants proceeded to the next exercise after three successful attempts.</p> <p><em>Results</em><em>.</em> Statistical analysis of the significance of the discriminant functions showed that the first function explains 81.2% of the data variation and has a high canonical correlation value (r = 0.751).&nbsp; The first function has a high discriminative ability (λ = 0.332, p &lt; 0.021) and can be used to classify the modes of physical exercise performance in the process of formation of motor skills.</p> <p><em>Conclusions</em><em>.</em> The use of multivariate statistics makes it possible to determine the structure of the training program, confirm the effectiveness of the selection of motor tasks, and classify the modes of physical exercise performance during the training process. The best mode of physical exercise performance in teaching the vault to 8-year-old boys is 12 sets of 3 repetitions with a rest time of 60 seconds.</p> 2022-12-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##