Effects of a mixed exercise program on physical and cognitive condition: Differences between older adults with and without dementia





combined exercise, performance–oriented balance, cognition, elderly


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of a training protocol on physical and cognitive condition in a sample of individuals dwelling in a health care center for older persons. Material: A 12 weeks mixed motor cognitive training with 8 weeks follow up was performed by 20 individuals with dementia and 20 individuals with intact cognitive state (mean age= 76 ± 7). Main outcome measures included body mass index, performance-oriented balance, frailty, performance in daily activities and mental abilities. Results: At post intervention tests performance-oriented balance improved in both group. There was also a reduction in BMI in the normal group. These changes lasted after 8 weeks of no training. Analysis over time and between groups after the intervention showed a significant change in FR test (p=0.001). Performance-oriented balance was improved in both groups regardless to initial cognitive state and somehow it was affected more in cognitively intact individuals. Conclusion: Although these findings support the dominant effect of our training protocol on physical aspects, the benefits of training on cognition is not decisive.


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Author Biographies

A. Vazini Taher, Faculty of Physical Education, Razi University of Kermanshah

vazinitaher@gmail.com; Kermanshah, Iran

I.T. Skrypchenko, Water Sport Department, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports

sit71@ukr.net; st. Victory Embankment, 10, Dnipro, 49094,Ukraine

V.V. Shuba, Pedagogy and Psychology Department, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports

Victoria-shuba79@yandex.ru; st. Victory Embankment, 10, Dnipro, 49094,Ukraine


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How to Cite

Vazini Taher A, Skrypchenko I, Shuba V. Effects of a mixed exercise program on physical and cognitive condition: Differences between older adults with and without dementia. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2019;23(2):96-101. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2019.0207

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