Coaching and training as influential factor, affecting sport at universities level

Keywords: coaching, training, athletes university, public, private sport, athletes

Abstract

Background : In Pakistan, the performance of the university athletes is not satisfactory with reference to preparedness for such kind of athletes to compete in international level. Therefore, this study intends to focus upon the role of proper coaching and training as factor in the production and preparedness of university level athletes to participate at international level sports. Purpose: The main purpose of the current study was to investigate the existence of coaching and training as factor influencing sport participation and performance of the athletes at universities level. Material : The total 671 athletes and 31 director sports were selected from both public and private sector universities as sample through random sampling technique. Data was collected through Self-administered, Likert type questionnaire. Results: Our results revealed that improper coaching and training affect sport performance of the athletes both in public and in private sector universities. Furthermore, the influence of coaching and training were found more at private sector universities in comparison with public sector universities. Also, there were no significant gender-wise (male, female) as well as category-wise (director sports, athletes) responsive differences were observed. Conclusion: It was concluded that improper coaching and deficit facilities, lack of responsible coaching, negative reinforcement and unavailability of trained coaches negatively affect the sports performance of athletes. In addition, insulting, shouting, verbal abusing of coaches and trainers, as well as discrimination and nepotism hinder sports activities at universities.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 72 | PDF Downloads: 52 |

Author Biographies

Syed Zia-Ul Islam, Department of Sport Sciences and Physical Education Gomal University D.I. Khan
ziaulislamgr8@gmail.com; Gomal University Dera Ismail Khan, 29220, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Salahuddin Khan, Department of Sport Sciences and Physical Education Gomal University D.I. Khan
drsalahuddinkhan@yahoo.com; Gomal University Dera Ismail Khan, 29220, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Alamgir Khan, Department of Sport Sciences and Physical Education Gomal University D.I. Khan
alamgir1989@hotmail.com; Gomal University Dera Ismail Khan, 29220, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Samiullah Khan, Department of Sport Sciences and Physical Education Gomal University D.I. Khan
samikhan9182@gmail.com; Gomal University Dera Ismail Khan, 29220, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

References

1. Knapp D. The case for university sport. 2011.

2. Kenow L, Williams JM. Coach-athlete compatibility and athlete's perception of coaching behaviors. Journal of Sport Behavior. 1999;22(2):251-260.

3. Amorose AJ, Anderson-Butcher D. Exploring the independent and interactive effects of autonomy-supportive and controlling coaching behaviors on adolescent athletes’ motivation for sport. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology. 2015;4(3): 206-212.
https://doi.org/10.1037/spy0000038

4. Amorose AJ, Horn TS. Pre-to post-season changes in the intrinsic motivation of first year college athletes: Relationships with coaching behavior and scholarship status. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 2001;13(4):355- 73.
https://doi.org/10.1080/104132001753226247

5. Bruner MW, Hall J, Côté J. Influence of sport type and interdependence on the developmental experiences of youth male athletes. European Journal of Sport Science. 2011;11(2):131- 42.
https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2010.499969

6. Leite N, Coelho E, Sampaio J. Assessing the importance given by basketball coaches to training contents. Journal of human kinetics. 2011;30:123- -33.
https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0080-3

7. Cushion CJ, Armour KM, Jones RL. Coach education and continuing professional development: Experience and learning to coach. Quest. 2003;55(3):215- 30.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2003.10491800

8. Serrano J, Shahidian S, Sampaio J, Leite N. The importance of sports performance factors and training contents from the perspective of futsal coaches. Journal of human kinetics. 2013;38:151- 60.
https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2013-0055

9. Moen F. The coach-athlete relationship and expectations. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 2014;4(11):29-40.

10. Smoll FL, Cumming SP, Smith RE. Enhancing coach-parent relationships in youth sports: Increasing harmony and minimizing hassle. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 2011;6(1):13- 26.
https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.6.1.13

11. Turman PD. Coaches and cohesion: The impact of coaching techniques on team cohesion in the small group sport setting. Journal of Sport Behavior. 2003;26(1):86-92.

12. Côté J, Young B, North J, Duffy P. Towards a definition of excellence in sport coaching. International journal of coaching science. 2007;1(1):3-17.

13. Roxas AS, Ridinger LL. Relationships of Coaching Behaviors to Student-Athlete Well-Being. Academic Perspectives in Higher Education. 2016;2(1): 10-16.
https://doi.org/10.32674/hepe.v2i1.21

14. Mottaghi M, Atarodi A, Rohani Z. The relationship between coaches’ and athletes’ competitive anxiety, and their performance. Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. 2013;7(2):68-75.

15. Siekańska M. Athletes’ perception of parental support and its influence in sports accomplishments–a retrospective study. Human movement. 2012;13(4):380- 7.
https://doi.org/10.2478/v10038-012-0046-x

16. Short SE, Short MW. Essay: Role of the coach in the coach-athlete relationship. The Lancet. 2005;366:S29- S30.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67836-1

17. Jagiello M, Iermakov SS, Nowinski M. Differentiation of the somatic composition of students physical education specialising in various sports. Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports. 2017;13:63-70.

18. Kriventsova I, Iermakov S, Bartik P, Nosko M, Cynarski WJ. Optimization of student-fencers' tactical training. Ido Movement for Culture-Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 2017;17(3):21-30.
https://doi.org/10.14589/ido.17.3.3

19. Jagiello W, Jagiello M, Kalina RM, Barczynski BJ, Litwiniuk A, Klimczak J. Properties of body composition of female representatives of the Polish national fencing team - the sabre event. Biology of Sport. 2017;34(4):401-6.
https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2017.70526

20. Bai N, Dana A. The relationship between coaching behaviors and athletes’ burnout in Golestan province futsal super league players. Euro J of Exp Bio. 2013;3(6):111-4.
Published
2019-06-29
How to Cite
1.
Islam SZ-U, Khan S, Khan A, Khan S. Coaching and training as influential factor, affecting sport at universities level. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2019;23(3):145-9. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2019.0306
Section
Articles