Validity of testing and training using the kayak ergometer



flat-water kayaking, rowing, competition, performance, modelling


Background and Study Aim. The paper is dedicated to the problem of the strength testing and training using the ergometer rowing performance in the flat water kayak sport. The aim of the research was to create a model of validity based on the relationship between the ergometer and on-water performance competition rowing. Material and Methods. Nineteen 15-17 years old male kayak rowers during the off-season were randomly divided into two groups. An experimental group trained according the same program as the control group, but two times a week a part of the common strength training exercises was substituted with a high-intensity strength training using the ergometer rowing. A whole amount of strength loading on all the rowers of the two groups was equal. Validity of testing and training of the ergometer rowing in the kayak sport was evaluated using interclass correlation between competition performance on 500 m on-water kayak and ergometer rowing. Results. Strong significant correlation is revealed between competition performance of on-water kayak and ergometer rowing before and after the off-season (| r | = 0.892, 0.902, p <0.001), that shows rather good validity. Other result of the correlation analysis shows good prognostic ability of the ergometer performance regarding competition performance of on-water kayaking (| r | = 0.913). Conclusions. The proposed model based on the relationship between the ergometer and on-water performance competition rowing shows rather good validity of the strength testing and training in the on-water kayak sport.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

I.P. Zanevskyy, Lviv State University of Physical Culture; Lviv, Ukraine

W. Chodinow, Technological and Humanistic University in Radom; Radom, Poland

L.H. Zanevska, Lviv State University of Physical Culture; Lviv, Ukraine


1. Maestu J, Jurimae J, Jurimae T. Monitoring of performance and training in rowing. Sports Med. 2005; 35(7): 597-617.

2. Fleming N, Donne B, Fletcher D, Mahony N. A biomechanical assessment of ergometer task specificity in elite flatwater kayakers. J Sports Sci Med, 2012;11:16–25.

3. Johann V, Nordez A, Smith R, Colloud F. Asymmetry in elite rowers: effect of ergometer design and stroke rate. Sport Biomech. 2015; 14 (3): 310-322.

4. Michael JS, Smith RM, Rooney KB. The dynamics of elite paddling on a kayak simulator. J Sport Sci. 2012; 30 (7): 661-668.

5. Greene AJ, Sinclair PJ, Dickson MH, Colloud F, Smith RM. The effect of ergometer design on rowing stroke mechanics. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013; 23 (4): 468-477.

6. Fleming N, Donne B, Mahony N. A comparison of electromyography and stroke kinematics during ergometer and on-water rowing. J Sport Sci. 2014; 32 (12): 1127-1138.

7. Šarabon N, Kozinc Ž, Babič J, Marković G. Effect of Rowing Ergometer Compliance on Biomechanical and Physiological Indicators during Simulated 2,000-metre Race. J Sports Sci Med, 2019;18:264–70.

8. Benson A, Abendroth J, King D, Swensen T. Comparison of rowing on a concept 2 stationary and dynamic ergometer. J Sports Sci Med. 2011; 10 (2): 267-273.

9. Lindenthaler JR, Rice AJ, Versey NG, McKune AJ, Welvaert M. Differences in physiological responses during rowing and cycle ergometry in elite male rowers. Front Physiol. 2018; 9: 1010.

10. Gee TI, French DN, Howatson G, Payton SJ, Berger NJ, Thompson KG. Does a bout of strength training affect 2,000 m rowing ergometer performance and rowing-specific maximal power 24 h later? ‎Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011; 111 (11): 2653-2662.

11. Fleming N, Donne B, Mahony N. Electromyographic and kinesiological analysis of the kayak stroke: comparison of on-water and on ergometer data across exercise intensity. In: Hoppeler H, Reilly T, Tsolakidis E, Gfeller L, Klossner S (eds), Proceeding of the 12th annual congress of the European college of sports sciences; 2007 Jul 11-14; Jyvaskyla, Finland; 2007. P. 1744.

12. Lawton TW, Cronin JB, McGuigan MR. Strength testing and training of rowers: a review. Sport Med. 2011; 41 (5): 413-432.

13. Russell AP, Le Rossignol PF, Sparrow WA. Prediction of elite schoolboy 2000m rowing ergometer performance from metabolic, anthropometric and strength variables. J Sports Sci. 1998; 16 (8): 749-754.

14. Smith TB, Hopkins WG. Measures of rowing performance. Sports Med. 2012; 42 (4): 343-358.

15. Vorontsov YO, Maslachkov YM, Cherednichenko OO, Sheptytskiy VV, Simanovskiy AB, Vikhlayeva TM et al. Curriculum for sport schools on kayak, canoe, and slalom rowing [document on the Internet]. Kyiv: Ukrainian Rowing Federation; 2007. [cited 2019 Jul 31]. Available from: (in Ukrainian)

16. Cronbach LJ, Meehl PE. Construct validity in psychological tests. Psychol Bull. 1955; 52 (4): 281–302.

17. Giroux C, Maciejewski H, Ben-Abdessamie A, Chorin F, Lardy J, Ratel S et al. Relationship between force-velocity profiles and 1,500-m ergometer performance in young rowers. Int J Sports Med. 2017; 38 (13): 992-1000.

18. Maciejewski H, Rahmani A, Chorin F, Lardy J, Samozino P, Ratel S. Methodological Considerations on the Relationship Between the 1,500-M Rowing Ergometer Performance and Vertical Jump in National-Level Adolescent Rowers: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2018:1.

19. Mikulic P. Anthropometric and metabolic determinants of 6,000-m rowing ergometer performance in internationally competitive rowers. J Strength Cond Res. 2009; 23 (6): 1851-1857.

20. Mikulic P, Ruzic L. Predicting the 1000m rowing ergometer performance in 12-13-year-old rowers: the basis for selection process? J Sci Med Sport. 2008; 11 (2): 218-226.

21. Lawton TW, Cronin JB, McGuigan MR. Strength, power, and muscular endurance exercise and elite rowing ergometer performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2013; 27 (7): 1928-1935.

22. Lawton TW, Cronin JB, McGuigan MR. Does on-water resisted rowing increase or maintain lower-body strength? J Strength Cond Res. 2013; 27 (7): 1958-1963.

23. García-Pallarés J, Izquierdo M. Strategies to optimize concurrent training of strength and aerobic fitness for rowing and canoeing. Sports Med. 2011; 41 (4): 329-343.

24. Chodinow W. Wpływ danych antropometrycznych i przygotowania fizycznego na wyniki specjalistycznych testów kajakarek [The influence of anthropometric results of physical preparation for specialized kayak results]. Moloda sportivna nauka Ukraini, 2010; 14(1): 353-358. (in Polish)




How to Cite

Zanevskyy I, Chodinow W, Zanevska L. Validity of testing and training using the kayak ergometer. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2019;23(6):318-24.

Abstract views: 512 / PDF downloads: 379