PSYCHOMOTOR THERAPY AS A EFFECTIVE METHOD OF ALLEVIATING THE SYMPTOMS OF CHILD’S NON-HARMONIOUS DEVELOPMENT
AbstractPurpose: assess the influence of a therapy conducted according to the Belgian School on the psychomotor development of children suffering from developmental dissonance. Material and methods: the studies involved 32 six yrs. old children, having symptoms of developmental dissonance, who qualified for Belgian psychomotor therapy and who came from different areas in Poland. Two measurements of the selected areas of the psychomotor field have been performed using the following tests: MOT 4-6 by R. Zimmer and M. Volkammer; PST 6-8 by S. Naville and A. Weber, B. Mock; WET 3-6 by P. Deimann and U. Kastner-Koller , as well as SCSIT by J. Ayres. The undertaken studies lasted for approximately 6 months and were a pedagogic quasi-experiment in nature. Results: upon the conclusion of experimental factor’s influence i.e. the Belgian psychomotor therapy, it has been observed that in the study pertaining to the psychomotor development, the results obtained by the six-year-old children cease to significantly differ from the values obtained by their peers, displaying no symptoms of dissonance. Conclusion: psychomotor therapy according to the Belgian School is a useful method of alleviating the symptoms of a non-harmonious development of a six-year-old child. A scientific confirmation of the research problem’s significance can facilitate therapist’s work. The results of the research will also contribute to the development of knowledge about diagnosis of developmental dissonance and Belgian psychomotor therapy.
| Abstract views: 50 | PDF Downloads: 21 |
Marlow N. For the EPICURE Study group: Neurologic and Developmental Disability at Six of Age after Extremely Preterm Birth. New England Journal of Medicine, 2005, vol.353, pp. 9-19.
Bremer A., Stucke Ch. Development of equilibrium function in children of pre-school age with regard to their social environment. WCPAS VII, Magdeburg 2008, p. 35.
Choi Y.S., Lee E.J. The effects of Psychomotor on self concept, sociability and aggression in preschoolers. Journal oh Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 2008, vol.14, pp. 379-387.
Nowak A., Gnitecka J. Parents’ awareness of the child’s psychomotor development as an aspect of promoting health in kindergartens. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, Sect. D Med. 2007, vol. 62,18 (5), pp. 297-300.
Trouli K. Psychomotor education in preschool years - an experimental research. European Psychomotricity Journal, 2008, vol. 1, pp. 23-27.
Nowak A., Bartusiak I., Gnitecka J. Promoting health awareness in kindesgartens from the perspective of psychomotor researches. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, Sect. D Med. 2007, vol. 62, 18, (2) pp. 360-364.
Gnitecka J. Psychomotoric therapy by children with MBD. In: Kossakowski Cz. (ed.) A person with a disability in the system of rehabilitation, education and social support. Olsztyn 2007, pp. 55-62.
Gnitecka J., Nowak A. Belgian psychomotor therapy as a tool of prophylactic and promoting health awareness of children. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, Sect. D Med. 2007, vol.62, 18(2), pp. 365-368.
Wojnarowska K., Olechnowicz Ł., Gnitecka J. Supporting speech development of children with hearing defect by the use of mvarious types of motor therapy. In: Kruk-Lasocka J. (ed.) Psychomotoric: Movement Full of Meaning. Wroclaw 2008, pp. 55-62.
Laucht M. Developmental outcome of infants born with biological and psychosocial risks. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1997, vol.38(7), pp. 843-853.
Kułakowska Z., Szamotulska K., Zychowicz B., Gnitecka J. Psychomotor rehabilitation of children by the Procus and Block method. Medical Rehabilitation [Medycyna Rehabilitacyjna], 2009, vol.13(4), pp. 22-38.
Kułakowska Z. Changes in the somatagnosis of children with developmental disharmony who have undergone psychomotor therapy by means of the Procus and Block method. Medical Rehabilitation [Medycyna Rehabilitacyjna] 2010, vol.14(4), pp. 9-17.
Deimann P., Kastner-Koller U. Wiener Entwicklungstest. Göttingen, 2002, pp. 10-11.
Ayres J. The Southern California Sensory Integration Tests. Warszawa, 2009, pp. 10-20.
Counsell S. J. Magnetic resonance imaging of preterm brain injury. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2002, vol. 88, pp. 269-274.
Inder T.E. Periventricular white matter injury in the prematureinfants is followed by reduced cerebal cortical gray matter volume at term. Annals of neurology, 1999, vol.46, pp. 755-760.
Touwen B., Prechtl H. Neurological development in infancy. Clinics in Developmental Medicine, 1976, vol.58, pp. 136-141.
Michelsson K. Minimal Brain damage. Essentialia, 1985, vol.14, pp. 1-3.
Petersen R.C. Mild cognitive impairment as a diagnostic entity. Journal of Internal Medicine, 2004, vol.256(3), pp. 183-194.
Berger W. Developmental aspects of equilibrium control during stance: a kinematic and EMG study. Gait & Posture, 1995, vol.3, pp. 149-155.
Copyright Holder - Author(s).
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: more