A COMPARISON MENTAL HEALTH, PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS, ANXIETY AND SLEEPING DISORDERS AND DISORDERS IN SOCIAL FUNCTION AMONG MALE AND FEMALE ATHLETES AND NONATHLETES STUDENTS

Keywords: mental health, male, female, athletes

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to comparison mental health, Physical symptoms, Anxiety and sleeping disorders and Disorders in social function among male and female athletes and non-athletes students. Methods: The target population consisted entirely male of female athletes and non-athletes students in University of Guilan. After translate of standard General Health Questionnaires (GHQ), and adjust of some question, questionnaires were evaluated by professors of faculty of physical education and sport sciences. The reliability guided Cronbach Alpha value of (0.83). Among them 90 male athlete and 90 male non-athlete with mean. The collected data was analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA. Result: There were significant difference mean scores between in four mental health scales, physical symptoms, anxiety and sleep disorders and impaired social functioning athlete and non-athlete in both groups. Conclusion: Therefore, with fewer psychological problems in an athlete, physical activity can be purpose strategies as appropriate, easy and inexpensive to improve mental health among male and female non- athlete students.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 213 | times, Article PDF |

References

Berger B.G., & Cwen D.R. Preliminary analysis of causal relationship between swimming and stress reduction: intense exercise may negate the effects. International Journal of sport psychology. 1992, vol. 23, pp. 70 – 85.


Brassington G. High school student Athletes: Associations between Intensity of participation and Health factors. Clinical Pediatrics. 2003, vol.42 (8), pp. 697-701.


Clapp L.L., Richardson T.M., Smith F.J., Wang M., Clapp J.A., & Pieroni E.R. Acute effects of thirty minutes of high intensity intermittent exercise on patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Physical Therapy. 19997, vol. 9(8), pp. 749-756.


Craft L.L., Perna F.A., Freund K.M., Culpepper L. Psychosocial correlates of exercise in women with self-reported depressive symptoms. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2008, vol. 5, pp. 469–80.


Debra J.C., Marc R.L., Daniel M.L. Aerobic physical activity effects on psychological well-being in low-income Hispanic children. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 2004, vol. 98, pp. 319-324.


Dilorenzo T.M., Bargman E.P., Stucky-ropp R., Brassington G.S., Frensch P.A., Lafontaine T. Long-term effect of aerobic exercise on psychological outcome. Preventive Medicine. 1999, vol. 28, pp. 75-85.


Engels H.J., Currie J.S., Luek C.C., Wirth J.C. Bench/ step training with and without extremity loading. Effects on muscular fitness, body composition profile, and psychological effect. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2006, vol. 42(1), pp. 71-8.


Esfahani N. Effect exercise on mental health in later physically, anxiety, sleep disturbance, depression and social functioning Zahra University. Motion Research Quarterly. 2002, vol. 12, pp. 86-75.


Haddad N. Relationship between mental health and physical fitness athletes and female non-athlete students. Physical Education MSc thesis, Tehran University. 1994, vol. 1, pp. 17-16.


Harris A., Cronkite R., Moos R. Physical activity, exercise coping and depression in a 10 year cohort study of depressed patients. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2006, vol. 93, pp. 79-85.


King A., Taylor C. Effects of different intensities and formats of 12 months of training psychology outcomes in older adults. Health psychology.1993, vol. 12, pp. 292 – 300.


Knechtle B. Influence of physical activity on mental well-being and psychiatric disorders. Article in German Schweiz Rundsch Mead Prax. 2004, vol. 25, 93 (35), pp. 1403-11.


Kritz-Silverstein D., Barrett-Connor E., Corbeau C. Cross-sectional and prospective study of exercise and depressed mood in the elderly. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2001, vol. 153(6), pp. 596-603.


Lander D., Petruzzello S. Physical activity, Fitness and anxiety. Human Kinetic. 1994, vol. 28, pp. 820- 868.


Lee C., Russell A. Effect of physical activity on well-being among older Australian women: Cross- Sectional and longitudinal analyses. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2003, vol.54 (2), pp. 155-160.


Lowry R., Galuska D.A., Fulton J.E., Wechsler H., Kannl C., Jan JL. Physical activity, food choice, and weight management goals and practices among US college students. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2000, vol. 18, pp. 18-27.


Macmahon J. The psychological benefits of exercise and the treatment of delinquent adolescent. Sports Medicine. 1990, vol. 83, pp. 344-51.


Mailey E.L., Wójcicki T.R., Motl R.W., Hu L., Strauser D.R., Collins K.D., Mcauley E. Internet-delivered physical activity intervention for college students with mental health disorders: A randomized pilot trial Psychology. Health and Medicine. 2010, vol. 15 (6), pp. 646-659.


Mc Conille B. Revealed: nine ways to find your inner happiness. Personality and individual differences. 2003, vol. 1, pp. 26-27.


Mirzaei B. Mood profile compared modes wrestler’s national teams in the field of youth and adults, and free culture. Olympic Journal. 2007, vol. 1, pp. 33.


Motl R.W., Birnbaum A.S., Kubik M.Y., Dishman R.K. Naturally occurring changes in physical activity are inversely related to depressive symptoms during early adolescence. Medical psychology. 2004, vol. 66, pp. 336-42.


Nabkasorn C., Miyai N., Sootmongkol A. Effects of physical exercise on depression, neuroendocrine stress hormones and physiological fitness in adolescent females with depressive symptoms. European Journal of Public Health. 2005, vol.16(2), pp. 179–184.


Norvell N., Belles D. Psychological and physical benefits of circuit weight training in law enforcement personal. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology. 1997, vol. 1, pp. 12: 89.


Ostlie K., Magnus P., Skjeldal O.H., Garfelt B. Mental health and satisfaction with life among upper limb amputees: a Norwegian population-based survey comparing adult acquired major upper limb amputees with a control group. Disability and Rehabilitation. 2010, vol. 33 (17, 18), pp. 1594 – 607.


Paluska S.A., Schwenk T.L. Physical activity and mental health: current concepts. Sports Medicine. 2000, vol. 29(3), pp. 45-51.


Peluso MA, Silveira LH. Physical activity and mental health: the association between exercise and mood. Clinics. 2005, vol. 60(1), pp. 61-70.


Petruzzello S.J., Lander D.M., Hatfiled B.D., Kubitz K.A., Salazar W.A. Meta analysis of the anxiety reducing effect of acute and chronic exercise: Outcomes and mechanisms. Sport Medicine. 1991, vol.11, pp. 143 – 182.


Plante T.G., Judith R. Physical fitness and enhanced psychological health. Current Psychological Reviews. 1994, vol. 3, pp. 21-26.


Raglin J.S. Exercise and mental health beneficial and detrimental effects. Sport Medicine. 1990, vol. 9, pp. 323 – 329.


Rejeski W. Dose – responsive use from a psychosocial perspective. Human Kinetics. 1994, vol. 54, pp. 1040 -55.


Richard S., Strauss M.D., Daria Rodzilsky R.D., Gail B., Michelle Colin R. Psychosocial Correlates of Physical Activity in Healthy Children. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 2001, vol. 155, pp. 897-902.


Richardson C.R., Foulkner G., Mcdevitt J., Skrinar G.S., Hutchinson D.S., Piette J.D. Integrating physical activity into mental health services for persons with serious mental illness. Journal of the American Psychiatric Association. 2005, vol. 56 (3), pp. 324 – 31.


Stuart J.H.B., Asare M. Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews. British Journal of Sports Medicine . 2011, vol. 45, pp. 886-895.


Teychenne M., Ball K., Salmon J. Associations between physical activity and depressive symptoms in women. International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity. 2008, vol. 1, pp. 5: 27.


Thirlaway K., Benton D. participation physical activity and cardiovascular fitness have different effect on mental health and mood. Journal psychosomatic Research. 1997, vol. 17, pp. 46-51.


Tsutsumi T., Don B.M., Zaichkowsky L.D., Delizonna L.L. Physical fitness psychological benefits of strength training in community dwelling older adults. Applied human science. 1997, vol.16 (6), pp. 257 -268.


Zervas Y., Ekkekakis P., Emmanuel C., Psychoudaki M., Kakkos V. The acute effects of increasing levels of aerobic Exercise on mood’s state. Psychology. 1993, vol. 2, pp. 133 -143.

Published
2014-08-28
How to Cite
1.
Zahra NA, Rastegar H, Mahri H. A COMPARISON MENTAL HEALTH, PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS, ANXIETY AND SLEEPING DISORDERS AND DISORDERS IN SOCIAL FUNCTION AMONG MALE AND FEMALE ATHLETES AND NONATHLETES STUDENTS. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2014;18(8):51-6. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.9763
Section
Articles