Features of gender identity among schoolchildren of different ages
AbstractPurpose . Gender identity manifestations in schoolchildren were investigated. Material . The study involved schoolchildren of 3 -11th forms of the secondary schools (206 – boys, 213 - girls). For the research of age peculiarities in psychological gender, a questioner worked out by Sundry Bam which consists of 60 statements was used. Results . A number of aspects of self description which have different psychological characteristics in boys and girls were analysed. A peculiarity of gender identity in schoolchildren, which was identified by the overall number of respondents in whom the androgens personality type was identified, was singled out. Out of 206 boys – 90% have an androgens index, as for the girls – 69.5% refer to androgens personality type. The presence of feminine character qualities in boys and masculine – in girls was found out, which proves maximal development of feminine and masculine in one person. This will help social adaptation of schoolchildren. Conclusions . Physical education has enormous potential emotional and physical impact on the formation of gender identity of students and their notions of femininity and masculinity. This can directly affect the formation of life value orientations students in general, including the formation of values in the sphere of physical culture.
View Counter: Abstract | 79 | times, Article PDF |
Bazarnij V. F. Obrazovanie i zdorov'e uchashchikhsia [Education and health of pupils], 2005, vol.3, pp. 29-37.
Bem S. Linzy gendera [Gender lens], Moscow, 2004, 336 p.
Vorozhbitova A. L. Gendernye komponenty teorii fizicheskoj kul'tury [Gender components of the theory of physical culture], Cand. Diss., Moscow, 2008, 20 p.
Groshev I. V. Psikhologiia polovykh razlichij [Psychology of sex differences], Tambov, TSU, 2001, 345 p.
Zinchenko V. P., Meshcheriakova B. G. Psikhologicheskij slovar' [Psychological Dictionary], Moscow, Astrel, 2006, 479 p.
Il'in E. P. Differencial'naia psikhologiia muzhchiny i zhenshchiny [Differential psychology of men and women], Sankt Petersburg, Peter, 2007, 544 p.
Kagan V. E. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 2000, vol.2, pp. 65-68.
Klecina I. S. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 2003, vol.1, pp. 61-79.
Klecina I. S. Gendernaia socializaciia [Gender socialization], Sankt Petersburg, 1998, 243 p.
Kon I. S. Psikhologiia starsheklassnika [Psychology senior pupil], Moscow, Knowledge, 1980, 192 p.
Kon I. S. Pedagogika [Pedagogy], 2006, vol.9, pp. 16 — 22.
Majers D. Social'naia psikhologiia [Social psychology], Sankt Petersburg, 2004, 200 p.
Tarasenko L. V. Gendernyj podkhod v fizicheskom vospitanii kak faktor ozdorovleniia mladshikh shkol'nikov [Gender approach in physical education as a factor of improvement of younger students], Cand. Diss., Moscow, 2007, 18 p.
Fedorenko E.O. Formuvannia motivaciyi do special'no organizovanoyi rukhovoyi aktivnosti starshoklasnikiv [Formation of motivation to specially organized motor activity seniors], Cand. Diss., Dnepropetrovsk, 2001, 23 p.
Fejdimen Dzh., Frejger R. Abram Maslou i psikhologiia lichnosti [Abraham Maslow and personality psychology]. Lichnost' i lichnostnyj rost[Personality and personal development], Moscow, 1994, vol.4, 43 p.
Shtyleva L. V. Faktor Pola v obrazovanii [Factor of gender in education], Moscow, PERCE, 2008, 316 p.
Iakimovich V. S. Fizicheskaia kul'tura, vospitanie, obrazovaniia, trenirovka [Physical culture, upbringing, education, training], 2002, vol.1, pp. 58-61.
Abraham W. T., Gramer R. E., Fernandes A. M., Mahler E. Infidelity, race and gender: an evolutionary on asymmetries in subjective distress to violations – of – trust. Current Psychology, winter 2001-2002, vol.20(4). pp. 337-348.
Gonsoulin M. Women’s Rights and Women’s Rites: Religion at the Historical Root of Gender Stratification. Electronic journal of Sociology, 2005, vol.1, pp. 16-21.
Meyer J. D., Schmidt A. M. Gender political in four contexts: Political interest and values among junior high school students in China, Japan, Mexico and United States. Social Science journal. 2004, vol.41 (3), pp. 393 – 407.
Myers A. M., Lips H. M. Participation in competitive amateur sports as a function of psychological and raging. Sox Roles. 1978, vol.4, pp. 571-578.
Scott S. Gender: a useful category of historical analysis. The American Historical Review. 1986, vol.91(5), pp. 10 - 67.
Spence S., Helmrich R. Androgyny vs. gender schema: A comment of Bem’s gender shame theory. Psychological Review. 1981, vol.88, pp. 365 – 368.
Copyright Holder - Author(s).
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: more