Parent expectations towards participation to extracurricular sport activity of high school students

Keywords: extracurricular sport activity, interview, parents, qualitative research

Abstract

Purpose : Extracurricular activities are the activities that are carried out inside and outside of the school after the class depending upon a plan and program, and that contain the traits designed for the various purposes. This activities are important for adolescents in terms of discovery the skills, interests and strengths, and creating a chance to get to know themselves. Besides, the activities provide to strengthen the relationships with persons in school, and to build up academic success and moral life factors. This study aims to determine the expectations of parents from the extracurricular sportive activities. Material : In research, interwoven single case study design, one of the qualitative research approaches, was used. Easy accessible sample was benefited for the selection of study group. Parents of 14 students studying in different high schools in the city center of Kırıkkale in 2014-2015 academic years were included in the research. Data were obtained from the semi-structured interview form and applied a content analysis. Results : As a result of the obtained findings, it was figured out that expectations of parents from the extracurricular sportive activities are generally the contributions of activities on children to spend a quality leisure time. 5 categories were obtained as a result of analysis. These categories are “being a healthy individual”, “keeping away from the harmful habits”, “socializing”, “keeping away from the bad circle of friends”, “providing skill development” and “providing being an intellectual individual”. Conclusion : As a result, parental opinions revealed that extracurricular sportive activities are important in terms of children spending a quality leisure time. Parents’ expectations from these activities are also in this direction.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 694 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biography

A. Yılmaz, Faculty of Sport Science, Kırıkkale University
Research Asssistant PhD.; yilmazaynr@hotmail.com; Yahsihan, Kırıkkale, 71450, Turkey

References

Balyer A, Gündüz Y. Effects of Structured Extracurricular Facilities of Students’ Academic and Social Development. Procedia- Social and Behaviour Science, 2012; 46: 4803-4807.

Ivaniushina VA, Aleksandrov DA. Socialization through Informal Education: The Extracurricular Activities of Russian School Children. Russian Education & Society, 2015; 57(4): 189-213.

Toomey RB, McGuire JK, Russell ST. Heteronormativity, School Climates, and Perceived Safety for Gender Nonconforming Peers. Journal of Adolescence, 2012; 35(1): 187-196.

Darling N, Caldwell LL. Smith, R. Participation in School Based Extracurricular Activities and Adolescent Adjustment. Journal of Leisure Research, 2005; 37(1): 51-56.

Eccles JS, Barber BL. Student Council, Volunteering, Basketball, or Marching Band: What Kind of Extracurricular Involvement Matters? Journal of Adolescent Research, 1999; 14(1): 10−43.

Fredricks JS, Eccles JA. Participation in Extracurricular Activities in The Middle School Years: Are There Developmental Benefits for African/American and European American Youth? Journal of Youth Adolecence, 2008; 37(9): 1029-1043. doi:10.1007/s10964-008-9309-4

Mahoney JL, Stattin H. Leisure Activities and Adolescent Antisocial Behavior. The Role of Structure and Social Context. Journal of Adolescence, 2000; 23: 113-127.

Harrison PA, Narayan G. Diffirences in Behavior, Phychological Factors, and Environmental Factors Assosiated with Participation in School Sports and Other Activities in Adolescence. Journal of School Health, 2003; 73(3): 113-120. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2003.tb03585.x

Mahoney J, Cairns R. Do Extracurricular Activities Protect against Eaerly School Dropout? Developmental Phycology, 1997; 33(2): 241-253.

Knifsend CA, Graham S. Too Much of a Good Thing? How Breadth of Extracurricular Participation Relates to School-Related Affect and Academic Outcomes During Adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2012; 41(3):379-389. doi:10.1007/s10964-011-9737-4

Anderman EM. School Effects on Psychological Outcomes During Adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 2002; 94(4): 795-809. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.94.4.795

Barber BL, Eccles JS, Stone MR. Whatever Happened to The Jock, The Brain, and The Princess? Young Adult Pathways Linked to Adolescent Activity Involvement and Social İdentity. Journal of Adolescent Research, 2001; 16(5): 429-455.

Marsh H. Extracurricular Activities: Beneficial Extension of The Traditional Curriculum or Subversion of Academic Goals? Journal of Educational Psychology, 1992; 84(4): 553-562. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.84.4.553

Hansen DM, Larson RW, Dworkin JB. What Adolescents Learn in Organized Youth Activities: A Survey of Self-Reported Developmental Experiences. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2003; 13(1):25-55. doi:10.1111/1532-7795.1301006

Eccles JS, Barber BL, Stone M, Hunt J. Extracurricular Activities and Adolescent Development. Journal of Social Issues, 2003; 59(4): 865-889. doi:10.1046/j.0022-4537.2003.00095.x

O'Brien E, Rollefson M. Extracurricular Participation and Student Engagement. National Center for Education Statistics Policy Issues, 1995; 95(741): 1-4.

Floyd MF, Bocarro JN, Thompson T. Research on Race and Ethnicity in Leisure Studies: A Review of Five Major Journals. Journal of Leisure Research, 2008; 40(1):1–22.

Shannon CS. Parents' Messages about The Role of Extracurricular and Unstructured Leisure Activities: Adolescents' Perceptions. Journal of Leisure Research, 2006; 38(3):398-420.

Franklin J. It Takes a Community: Keeping Extracurricular Activities Available for At-Risk Students. [cited 2004 Dec 10]. Available from: http://www.ascd.org/publications/newsletters/education-update

Anderson JC, Funk JB, Elliott R, Smith PH. Parental Support an Pressure and Children’s Extracurricular Activities: Relationships with amount of Involvement and Affective Experience of Participation. Journal of Applie Developmental Psychology, 2003;24(2):241-257. doi:10.1016/S0193-3973(03)00046-7

Coakley J. Sports in Society (Issues and Controversies). (Eighth Edition). Singapore. 2003.

Larson RW, Hansen DM, Moneta G. Differing Profiles of Development Experiences Across Types of Organized Youth Activities. Developmental Psychology, 2006; 42(5): 849-863. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.42.5.849

Kremer-Sadlık T, Izquierdo C, Fatiante M. Making Meaning of Everyday Practices: Parents’ attitudes toward Children’s Extracurricular Activities in the United States and in Italy. Anthropology ve Education Quarterly, 2010; 41(1):35-54.

Yılmaz A. Lise Öğrencilerinin Ders Dışı Sportif Etkinliklere Katılımına Yönelik Ebeveyn Tutum ve Görüşleri [Parents’ Attitude and Opinions Towards Participation to Extracurricular Sport Activity of High School Students]. Gazi Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü; 2016. (in Turkish)

Yılmaz A, Güven, Ö. Parents Attitude Scales towards Extracurricular Sport Activities. Niğde University Journal of Physical Education and Aport Sciences, 2015; 9(2):244-258. (in Turkish)

Merriam SB, Tisdell EJ. Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation. John Wiley & Sons; 2015.

Yin RK. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. California: Sage; 2014.

Creswell JW, Creswell JD. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage publications; 2017.

Baş T, Akturan U. Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri: Nvivo ile Nitel Veri Analizi, Örnekleme, Analiz, Yorum [Qualitative Research Methods: Qualitative Data Analysis with Nvivo, Sampling, Analysis, Interpretation]. Ankara: Seçkin Publication; 2013. (in Turkish)

Patton MQ. Qualitative Evaluatiton and Research Methods. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications; 2015.

Ekiz D. Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri: Yaklaşım, Yöntem ve Teknikler. [Scientific Research Methods: Approach, Method and Techniques]. Ankara: Anı; 2009. (in Turkish)

Bogdan RC, Biklen SK. Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theories and Methods (4th ed.), New York: Pearson Education; 2003.

Gay LR, Mills GE, Airasan P. Educational Research: Competencises for Analysis and Applications. New Jersey: Pearson Ecucation, Inc.; 2006.

Kvale S. Interviews an Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 1996.

Türnüklü AA. Qualitative Participation Technique to be Effectively Used in Educational Research: Interview. Educational Administration: Theory and Practice, 2000; 6(4);543-559.

Çepni S. Araştırma ve Proje Çalışmalarına Giriş [ Introduction to Research and Project Studies]. Trabzon: Pegem A; 2012. (in Turkish)

Ekiz D. Eğitim Araştırmalarında Yöntem ve Metotlarına Giriş: Nitel, Nicel ve Eleştirel Kuram Metodolojisi [Introduction to Methods and Methods in Educational Research: Qualitative, Quantitative and Critical Theory Methodology]. Ankara: Anı; 2003. (in Turkish)

Cohen L, Manion L, Morrison K. Research Methods in Education (The fifth Edition) New York: Routledge; 2007.

Masia JR, Plaza DM, Gonzalez VH, Deltell CJ, Roriguez JC. Parental Attitudes towards Extracurricular Physical and Sports Activity in School-Age Children. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 2013;3(8):8-876. doi:10.4100/jhse.2013.83.

Yıldırım A, Şimşek H. Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri [Qualitative Research Methods in the Social Sciences]. Ankara: Seçkin; 2011. (in Turkish)

Punch KF. Introduction to Social Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. SAGE; 2005.

Brott PE, Myers JE. Development of Professional School Counselor Identity A Grounded Theory. In: S. B. Merriam (Ed), Qualitative Research in Practice Examples for Discussion and Analysis. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass A Wiley; 2002. P. 145-160.

Maykut P, Morehouse R. Beginning Qualitative Research: A Philosophic and Practical Guide. London: The Falmer; 1994.

Kirk J, Miller ML. Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research. Sage; 1986.

Merriam S. What Can You Tell From an N Ofl?: Issues of Validity and Reliability in Qualitative Research. PAACE Journal of Lifelong Learning, 1995; 4: 50-60.

Ritchie J, Lewis J, Nicholls CM, Ormston R. (Eds.). Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers. Sage; 2013.

Silverman D. (Ed.). Qualitative Research. Sage; 2016.

Twycross A, Shields L. Validity and Reliability-What's It All About? Part3 Issues Relating to Qualitative Studies. Pediatric Nursing, 2005;17: 36-42.

Yıldırım A. Qualitative Research Methods: Basic Characterisics and Implications for Educational Research. Education and Science, 1997; 2(17): 7-17.(in Turkish)

Miles MB, Huberman AM. Qualitative Date Analysis. (second edition). United Kingdom: Sage pub.; 1994.

Fredricks JA, Alfeld C, Eccles JS. Developing and Fostering Passion in Academic and Nonacademic Domains. Gifted Child Quarterly, 2010; 54(1):18-30. doi:10.1177/0016986209352683

Mahoney JL, Larson RW, Eccles JS. (Eds.) Organized Activities as Contexts of Development: Extracurricular Activities, After School and Community Programs. Psychology Press; 2005.

Bartko WT, Eccles JS. Adolescent Participation Instructured and Unstructured Activities: A Person-Oriented Analysis. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2003; 32(4):233-241. doi:10.1023/A:1023056425648

Gürkan E, Ballı ÖM.The Parents’ Opinion and Expectations about Their Children’s Leisure Time Activities and Sport Participation. Celal Bayer University Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 2014; 6(1):36-46. (in Turkish)

Larson RW, Richards MH, Sims B, Dworkin J. How Urban African American Young Adolescents Spend Their Time: Time Budgets for Locations, Activities, and Companionship. American Journal of Community Psychology, 2001; 29(4):565-597. doi:10.1023/A:1010422017731

Feldman AF, Matjasko JL. The Role of School-Based Extracurricular Activities in Adolescent Development: A Comprehensive Review and Future Directions. Review of Educational Research, 2005; 75(2):159-210.

Marsh H, Kleitman S. Extracurricular School Activities: The Good, The Bad, and The Nonlinear. Harvard Educational Review, 2002; 72(4): 464-515. doi:10.17763/haer.72.4.051388703v7v7736

Darling N. Participation in Extracurricular Activities and Adolescent Adjustment: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Findings. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2005; 34(5):493-505.

Akgül S, Göral M, Demirel M, Üstün ÜD. An Investigation of Primary School Students Participation and not Participation Reasons of Extracurricular Sport Activities. Dumlupınar University Journal of Social Science, 2012; 1(32): 13-22. (in Turkish)

Karslı S. İlköğretim Okullarında Sosyal Kulüp Çalışmalarının Öğrencilerin Yöneticilik Niteliklerinin Gelişmesine Katkısı: Beypazarı İlçesinde Bir Araştırma [Contribution to the Development of the Managerial Qualities of Students of Social Club Studies in Elementary Schools: A Study in the Beypazarı District]. Gazi Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü: 200;. (in Turkish)
Published
2018-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Yılmaz A. Parent expectations towards participation to extracurricular sport activity of high school students. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2018;22(4):216-25. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0408
Section
Articles