Young people practicing martial arts and their perception of success

Keywords: martial arts, combat sports, success attribution, task orientation


Background: The scientific framework for this study is the Humanistic Theory of Martial Arts that provides the specific language and definitions for Combat Sports/Martial Arts manifestations. Objective: The main aim was to describe the “perception of success” in groups in age 15-17, 11,11% girls and 88,89% boys involved in martial arts training. Participants ( n = 63) consisted of young martial artists from Poland and the United States. Methods: The instrument used for data collection was the Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ) (translated into Polish); Statistical analysis consisted of calculating the Spearman rank correlation for each pair of subgroups being analyzed a Coefficient of variation for comparison between the values of measurement. Results: 1) A weak correlation between the type of cultivated fighting style and the perceptions of success (Spearman rank correlation = ,35); 2) A moderate relationship between the US participants versus the Polish participants, and the perceptions of success (Spearman rank = ,69); and 3) A weak relationship between sex (as a gender) and the perceptions of success in the martial arts and combat sports (Spearman rank = ,34). Conclusions: This study concludes that the form or style of cultivated martial art or combat sport being practiced did not have a significant impact on the perception of success expressed by children and young people engaged in it.


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Author Biographies

W.J. Cynarski, Department of Physical Education, University of Rzeszów
Towarnickiego 3b, 35-010 Rzeszów, Poland
P. Pawelec, International Martial Arts and Combat Sports Scientific Society (IMACSSS)
(Corresponding author);; Towarnickiego 3b, 35-010 Rzeszów, Poland
J.-H. Yu, Department of Health and Physical Education, Glenville State College
200 High Street Glenville, West Virginia 26351, United States of America
J. Slopecki, International Martial Arts and Combat Sports Scientific Society (IMACSSS)
Towarnickiego 3b, 35-010 Rzeszów, Poland
G. Bielec, Department of Physical Education, University of Rzeszów
Towarnickiego 3b, 35-010 Rzeszów, Poland
K. Kubala, Department of Physical Education, University of Rzeszów
Towarnickiego 3b, 35-010 Rzeszów, Poland


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How to Cite
Cynarski W, Pawelec P, Yu J-H, Slopecki J, Bielec G, Kubala K. Young people practicing martial arts and their perception of success. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2018;22(5):231-6.