The determination of physical activity, nutrition and self-sufficiency levels of sedanter individuals of fitness club member

Keywords: obesity, fitness club member, physical activity, nutrition information

Abstract

Purpose : This study was planned to determine the physical activity (PA), nutrition and self-efficacy levels of sedentary individuals have long been members of fitness clubs Material : A total of 80 participants were divided into two groııps according to body mass index (BMI) according to their obesity status: Group 1 (overvveight obesity (OW)) and Group 2 (Normal Weight (NW)). All participants were watched for a year. The stııdy includes questionnaires on PA, eating habits, nutrition knovvledge and self-efficacy. Descriptive statistics including frequency, percentiles, ınean and Standard deviation were used. The T test was used to examine differences between PA, eating habits, nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy. Statistical significance was accepted as P <0.05. Results : Regarding participants' eating habits, the OW group was less frequent breakfast (P <0.05) and snack (P <0.01), ate more meals (P <0.01). When coınpared with the NW group, they showed less desirable behavior during the meal (P <0.05 for men). OW men spent less time (P <0.01) during vveekdays or weekends while doing less PA (P <0.01). OW woınen sat more in the vveekdays or weekends (P <0.01) and spent less time walking or riding a bicycle (P <0.05) than the NW group. The nutritional information of the OW and NW groups was not significantly different. Especially PA self-efficacy in OW was significantly lower than in NW group (P <0.01). Conclusion : This study revealed differences betvveen PA, eating habits and self-efficacy betvveen OW and NW individuals. Sedanter individuals who are members of fitness clubs should exercise exercise programs to prevent obesity and to increase the confidence about exercise or physical activity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 29 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

N. Demirci, High School of Physical Education and Sports, Mersin University
(Corresponding author); nevzatdemirci44@hotmail.com; Mersin, 33343, Turkey
Demirci P. Toptaş, Erdemli Department of Tourism Animation, Mersin University
Mersin, 33343, Turkey

References

Miçooğulları O, Cengiz C, Aşçı H, Kirazcı S. Examinations of young adults’ exercise self efficacy and decisional balance with regard to gender and exercise stage of change, Hacettepe J. of Sport Sciences, 2010; 21 (2): 49-59.

ACSM’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. American College of Sports Medicine. 9th revised edition. Wil-liams & Wilkins; 2014.

Dishman RK, Heath GW, Lee IM. Physical activity epidemiology. 2nd edition. Cham-paign, USA: Human Kinetics Publishers; 2013.

Lavie CJ, Johannsen N, Swift D, Sénéchal M, Earnest C, Church T, Hutber A, Sallis R, Blair SN. Exercise is Medicine: The Importance of physical activity, exercise train-ing, cardiorespiratory fitness, and obesity in the prevention and treatment of type 2-diabetes US. Endocrinology, 2013; 9(2):95-100.

Ross R, Blair SN, Arena R, Church TS, Despr R JP, Franklin BA, Haskell WL, Kaminsky LA, Levine BD, Lavie CJ, Myers J, Niebauer J, Sallis R, Sawada SS, Sui X, Wisl SU. Importance of assessing cardiorespira-tory fitness in clinical practice: a case for fitness as a clini-cal vital sign. Circulation, 2016; 134(24): 653-699

Baart de la Faille M, Middelkamp J, Steenbergen J. The state of research in the global fitness industry. BlackBox-Publishers, Netherlands; 2012.

Middelkamp J, Van Rooijen M, Steenbergen B. Attend-ance behavior of ex-members in fitness clubs: A retrospective study applying the stages of change. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2016; 122(1): 350-359.

Middelkamp J, Steenbergen B. The transtheoretical model and exercise behaviour of members in fitness clubs: systematic review. Journal of Fitness Research, 2015; 4: 43–54.

Middelkamp J, Rooijen MV, Wolfhagen P, Steenbergen B. The effects of a self-efficacy ıntervention on exercise behavior of fitness club members in 52 weeks and long-term relationships of transtheoretical model constructs. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2017; (16): 163-171.

Bandura A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman; 1997.

Hover P, Hakkers S, Breedveld K. Trendrapport fitness-branche 2012. Mulier Instituut, Den Bosch & Arko Sportsme-dia, Nieuwegein; 2012.

Annesi JJ, Mazas J. Effects of virtual reality-enhanced exercise equipment on adherence and exercise-induced feeling states. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1997; 85: 835–844.

DellaVigna S, Malmendier U. Paying not to go to the gym. The American economic review, 2006; 96: 604–719.

Hatfield DP, Chomitz VR, Chui KK, Sacheck JM, Economos CD. Demographic, physiologic, and psychosocial correlates of physical activity in structured exercise and sports among low-income, overweight children. J Nutr Educ Behav, 2015; 47:452-458.

Lee SY, Ha SA, Seo JS, Sohn CM, Park HR, Kim KW. Eating habits and eating behaviors by family dinner frequency in the lower-grade elementary school students. Nutr Res Pract, 2014; 8:679-87.

Brown JE, Isaacs JS, Krinke UB, Lechtenberg E, Murtaugh MA, Sharbaugh C, Splett PL, Stang J, Wooldridge NH. Nutrition through the life cycle. 4th ed. Belmont (CA): Wadsworth; 2011.

Malina RM. Adherence to physical activity from childhood to adulthood: a perspective from tracking studies”. Quest, 2011; 53:346–355.

Leslie E, Fotheringham MJ, Owen N, Bauman A. Age related differences in physical activity level of young adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2001; (33): 255–258, 2001.

Kimber C, Abercrombie E, Epping JN, Mordecai L, Newkirk J Jr, Ray M. Elevating physical activity as a public health priority: establishing core competencies for physical activity practitioners in public health. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2009; 6(6):677-81.

Kohl HW, Lee IM, Vuori IM, Wheeler FC, Bauman A, Sallis JF. Physical Activity and Public Health: the Emergence of a Sub Discipline. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2006; (3): 344– 364.

Ryan E. Rhodes, Ian Janssen, Shannon S.D. Bredin, Darren E.R. Warburtonc and adrian bauman. physical activity: Health impact, prevalence, correlates and interventions. Psychology & Health, 2017; 32(8): 942–975.

Nayera E. Hassan, Saneya A. Wahba, Sahar A. El-Masry, Enas R. Abd Elhamid, Samia A.W. Boseila, Nihad H. Eating Habits and Lifestyles among a Sample of Obese Working Egyptian Women, Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 2015; 15; 3(1):12-17.

Keihner AJ, Meigs R, Sugerman S, Backman D, Garbolino T, Mitchell P. The power play! Campaign’s school idea & resource kits improve determinants of fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity among fourth- and fifth-grade children. J Nutr Educ Behav, 2011; 43: S122-9.

Harvey A. Quantifying and comparing activity in group exercise classes: A literature review. Journal of Fitness Research, 2012; 1: 50–65.

Khan RS, Marlow C, Head A. Physiological and psycho-logical responses to a 12-week Bodybalance training pro-gramme. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2008; 11:299-307.

Cho YG, Song HR, Kim KA, Kang JH, Song YH, Yun HJ, Kim HS. Effect of a school-based intervention for overweight children “fitness class” performed on elementary schools located in Seoul. Korean J Obes, 2009;18:146-57.

Kang JH. Relationship between physical activity and psychological factors in obese children [doctor’s thesis]. Seoul: Korea National Sport University; 2009.

Seong AH, Lee SY, Kim KA, Seo JS, Sohn CM, Park HR, Kim KW. Eating habits, physical activity, nutrition knowledge, and self-efficacy by obesity status in upper-grade elementary school students. Nutrition Research and Practice, 2016;10(6):597-605.

Choi HJ, Seo JS. Nutrient intakes and obesity-related factors of obese children and the effect of nutrition education program. Korean J Community Nutr, 2003;8:477-84.

Na SY, Ko SY, Eom SH, Kim KW. Intakes and beliefs of vegetables and fruits, self-efficacy, nutrition knowledge, eating behavior of elementary school students in Kyunggi area. Korean J Community Nutr, 2010;15:329-41.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). State and Local Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Clifton road Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2007.

Guthold R, Cowan MJ, Autenrieth CS, Kann L, Riley LM. Physical activity and sedentary behavior among schoolchildren: a 34-country comparison. J Pediatr, 2010;157:43-49.

Ko SY, Kim KW. Nutrition label use, self-efficacy, snacking and eating behavior of middle school students in Kyunggi area. Korean J Community Nutr, 2010;15:513-24.

Soyuer F, Soyuer A. Older adults and physical activity. İnönü University Journal of Medical Faculty, 2008; 15(3): 219-24.

Cavill N, Kahlmeier S, Racioppi F. Physical activity and health in Europe: Evidence for action. Copenhagen, Denmark: World Health Organization; 2006.

Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, Franklin BA, Lamonte MJ, Lee IM, Nieman DC, Swain DP. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardi-orespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in appar-ently healthy adults: Guidance for prescribing exercise. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2011; 43:1334-1359.

Berger BG, Pargman D, Weinberg RS. Foundations of exercise psychology. Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology; 2002.

Sakata K, Matumura Y, Yoshimura N. Relationship between skipping breakfast and cardiovascular disease risk factors in the national nutrition survey data. Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi, 2001; 48: 837-41.

Ortega RM, Redondo MR, Lopez-Sobaler AM. Associations between obesity, breakfast-time food habits and intake of energy and nutrients in a group of elderly Madrid residents. J Am Coll Nutr, 1996; 15: 65-72.

Lobstein T, Baur L, Uauy R. IASO International Obesity TaskForce. Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obes Rev, 2004;5 (Suppl 1):4-104.

Baek S. Do obese children exhibit distinguishable behaviours from normal weight children? - based on literature review. Korean J Community Nutr, 2008;13:386-95.

Blair SN. Physical inactivity: The biggest public health problem of the 21st century. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2009; 43(1): 1–2.

Trost SG, Blair SN, Khan KM. Physical inactivity remains the greatest public health problem of the 21st century: Evidence, improved methods and solutions using the ‘7 investments that work’ as a framework. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2014; 48: 169–170. doi:10.1136/bjsports- 2013-093372

World Health Organization (WHO). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Geneva: Switzerland; 2010.

Seghers J, Van Hoecke AS, Schotte A, Opdenacker J, Boen F. The added value of a brief self-efficacy coaching on the effectiveness of a 12-week physical activity program. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2014; 11(1): 18-29.

Annesi JJ. Goal-setting protocol in adherence to exercise by Italian adults. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2002; 94: 453-458.
Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
Demirci, N., & Toptaş, D. P. (2018). The determination of physical activity, nutrition and self-sufficiency levels of sedanter individuals of fitness club member. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 22(5), 237-245. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0503
Section
Articles