Mode and food habits of athletes of Kazakhstan

Keywords: athletes, diet, eating habits, food, knowledge about nutrition

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the mode and the eating habits of some sports athletes as well as to find out the sources of received knowledge about nutrition athletes. Material: In the evaluation of actual nutrition in 2017, 60 participants took part, including 15 volleyball players of the Burevestnik team, 15 judo wrestlers of the national team of Kazakhstan, 15 wrestlers of the club team and 15 triathletes of the national team of Kazakhstan. To study data on the regime and eating habits, a valid questionnaire was used, directly interviewing each researcher. The statistical analysis of the survey data was carried out, the percentage distribution of responses on the questionnaire was calculated. For the analysis of categorical data χ2 test (chi-square) have been applied. Results: The results of the study have shown that Kazakhstan sportsmen diet is not optimal, not enough of the studied athletes eat 4 or more times a day. 22.7% of the respondents are snacking not enough - only once per day, and 11.7% of the respondents do not snack at all. More than half of the subjects (52%) regularly eats every day at the same time, while 48% - not always eat regularly. Conclusions:The main criterion for the selection of food is taste, paying too little attention to the specificity of sport and on a special diet. Basic information about nutrition investigated Kazakh athletes receive from coaches and family members, and the share of doctors and nutritionists have to too small impact here. Public information systems are relatively ineffective.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 42 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

Y. Yerzhanova, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Eldana_777@mail.ru; 71 al-Farabi Ave., Almaty, 050040, Kazakhstan
Z. Sabyrbek, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
zhanna.sabyrbek@kaznu.kz; 71 al-Farabi Ave., Almaty, 050040, Kazakhstan
E. Dilmachambetov, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Ermek.Dilmakhanbetov@kaznu.kz; 71 al-Farabi Ave., Almaty, 050040, Kazakhstan
G. Madijeva, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Eldana_777@mail.ru; 71 al-Farabi Ave., Almaty, 050040, Kazakhstan
K. Milašius, Vytautas Magnus University
kazys.milasius@leu.lt; K. Donelaičio st. 58, Kaunas, 44248, Lithuania

References

1. Czaja J, Lebiedzińska A, Szefer P. Nutritional habits and diet supplementation of Polish middle and long distance representative runners (years 2004-2005). Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, 2008; 59(1): 67-74.

2. Korosteleva M, Nikityuk D, Volkova L. Peculiarities of nutrition organization of young athletes. Problems of Nutrition, 2013; 82(6): 41-48. (in Russian)

3. Tutelyan V, Gapparov MG, Baturin A, Nikityuk D, Ordzhonikidze Z, Pozdnyakov A. About the role of nutrition individualization in the sport of higher achievements. Problems of Nutrition, 2011; 80(5): 78-83. (in Russian)

4. Mustafin S K. Nutrition athlete. Almaty: Bastau Publishing; 2012, 228 p. (in Russian)

5. Sánchez-Benito JL, León Izard P. Estudio de los hábitos alimentarios de jóvenes deportistas (Study of dietary habits of young sportsmen). Nutricion Hospitalaria, 2008; 23(6): 622-623.

6. Szygula Z., Kazimierczak K., Golec E, Schlegel-Zawadzka M. Dietary habits among young triathlonists as a result of proecological style of life-preliminary study. Medicina Sportiva, 2009; 13(3): 185 - 188.
https://doi.org/10.2478/v10036-009-0030-5

7. Teshima K, Imamura H, Yoshimura Y, Nishimura S, Miyamoto N, Yamauchi Y, Hori H, Moriwaki C, Shirota T. Nutrient intake of highly competitive male and female collegiate karate players. Journal of Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science, 2002; 21(4): 205-211.
https://doi.org/10.2114/jpa.21.205

8. Nazni P, Vimala S. Nutrition knovvledge, attitude and practice of college sportsmen. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2010; 1(2): 93-100.
https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.34866

9. Ubeda N, Palacios Gil-Antunano N, Montalvo Zenarruzabeitia Z, Garcia Juan B, Garcia A, Iglesias-Gutierrez E. Food habits and body composition of Spanish elite athletes in combat sports. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 2010; 25 (3): 414-421.

10. Szpakow A, Nawojczyk A, Szpakow N, Kleszzewska F, Jaszczuk A, Dolinska C, Cis K. Assessment of nutrition and eating habits of academic youth from Grodno and Białystok. Reabilitacja w Praktyce, 2008; (2): 17-22.

11. American College of Sports Medicine, American Dietetic Association, and Dietitians of Canada: Nutrition and Athletic Performance (joint position statement). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2009; (41): 709-731.
https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000852

12. Boguszewski D, Adamczyk, J, Buda M, Białoszewski D. The estimation of health-related behaviours of male judokas. Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts, 2013; 4(2): 179-184.
https://doi.org/10.5604/20815735.1090675

13. Kouloutbani K, Eftsathiou T, Stergioulas A. Eating disorders in the world of sport: the experiences of rhythmic gymnasts. Journal of Biology of Exercise, 2012; 8(2): 19-31.
https://doi.org/10.4127/jbe.2011.0057

14. Wyka J, Zechałko-Czajkowska A. Nutritional knowlegde, lifestyle and food groups intake in the group of the first year students of Agricultural University in Wroclaw. Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, 2006; 57(4): 381-388.

15. Malinauskas BM, Overton RF, Cucchiara AJ, Carpenter AB, Corbett AB. Summer league college baseball players: Do dietary intake and barriers to eating healthy differ between game and non-game days? Sport Management and Related Topics Journal, 2007; 3(2): 23-34.

16. Jessri M, Jessri M, RashidKhani B, Zinn C. Evaluation of Iranian college athletes sport nutrition knowledge. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2010; (20): 257-263.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.20.3.257

17. Rosenbloom CA, Jonnalagadda SS, Skinner R. Nutrition knowledge of collegiate athletes in a Division I National Collegiate Athletic Association institution. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 2002; (103): 418–421.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(02)90098-2

18. Mitchell C, Nutritional knowledge of high school athletes. WestVirginia University school of Physical Education Thesis 2004; 3-14.

19. Gacek M. Knowledge and nutritional behaviours among youth practising sports at school of sports championship in Cracov. Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, 2007; 58(4): 641-649.

20. Zawila LG, Steib CM, Hoogenboom B. The female collegiate cross-country runner: Nutritional knowledge and attitudes. Journal of Athletic Training, 2003; 38(1): 67–74.

21. Froiland K, Koszewski W, Hingst J, Kopecky L. Nutritional supplement use among college athletes and their sources of information. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2004; (14): 104–120.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.14.1.104

22. Nowacka E, Leszczyńska T, Kopeć A, Hojka D. Nutritional behavior of Polish canoeist's athletes: The interest of nutritional education. Science and Sports, 2016; 31(4): 79.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scispo.2016.04.002

23. Baranauskas M. Assessment of actual nutrition and dietary habits of athletes during the 2008-2012 Olympic period. Doctoral dissertation, Biomedical Sciences, Public Health, Vilnius University; 2012, 256 p.

24. Hinton PS, Sanford TC, Davidson MM, Yakushko OF, Beck NC. Nutrient intakes and dietary behaviors of male and female collegiate athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2004; (14): 389–404.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.14.4.389

25. Lee JS, Kim MH, Bae Y, Choe YH, Sung CJ. A study of dietary habits, nutrition intake status and serum copper and zinc concentrations of adolescent athletes. Korean Journal of Nutrition, 2005; 38(6): 465-474.

26. Dunn D, Turner LW, Denny G. Nutrition knowledge and attitudes of college athletes. The Sport Journal, 2007; 10(4): 45–53.

27. Pasalic A, Jusupovic F, Obradovic Z, Mahmutovic J. Nutritional awareness and habits of Premier league sportsmen in the Sarajevo Canton. Journal of Health Sciences, 2012; 2(1): 54-60.
https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2012.64

28. Rossi L, Goya R, Matayoshi M, Pereira C, Bernardo da Silva J. Nutritional evaluation of taekwondo athletes. Brazilian Journal of Biochemistry, 2009; 3(2): 159-166.

29. Quintana SM, Garcia A, Torres G, Pastor G. Dietary habits and nutritional intervention in elite Spanish athletes. World Congress on Science in Athletics. Barcelona; 2010.

30. Rash CL, Malinauskas BM, Duffrin MW, Barber-Heidal K, Overton RF. Nutrition-related knowledge, attitude, and dietary intake of college track athletes. The Sport Journal, 2008; 11(4): 48–56.

31. Jacobson BH, Sobonya C, Ransone J. Nutrition practices and knowledge of college varsity athletes: A follow-up. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2001; 15(1): 63–68.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200102000-00011

32. Kunkel ME, Bell LB, Luccia BH. Peer nutrition education program to improve nutrition knowledge of female collegiate athletes. Journal of Nutrition Education, 33(2): 114-115.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1499-4046(06)60175-9

33. Birch L, Fisher J. Development of eating behaviors among children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 1998; 101 (3 Pt 2): 539-549.

34. Juzwiak C, Ancona-Lopez F. Evaluation of nutrition knowledge and dietary recommendations by coaches of adolescent Brazilian athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2004; 14(2): 222-235.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.14.2.222

35. Jazayeri M, Amani R. Nutritional knowledge and practices of bodybuilding trainers in Ahwaz, Iran. Pakistan. Journal of Nutrition, 2004; 3(4): 228–231.
https://doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2004.228.231

36. Torres-Mcgehee TM, Pritchett KL, Zippel D, Minton, DM, Cellamare A, Sibilia M. Sports nutrition knowledge among collegiate athletes, coaches, athletic trainers, and strength and conditioning specialists Journal of Athletic Training, 2012; 47(2): 205–211.
https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-47.2.205
Published
2018-12-20
How to Cite
Yerzhanova, Y., Sabyrbek, Z., Dilmachambetov, E., Madijeva, G., & Milašius, K. (2018). Mode and food habits of athletes of Kazakhstan. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 22(6), 328-336. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0608
Section
Articles