Comparative analysis of self-reliance of athletes of different sports

  • A.B. Kolosov Laboratory of Current and Operative Control of National Teams' Performance, State Scientific Research Institute of Physical Culture and Sports http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6834-940X
  • N.Yu. Volianiuk Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute» http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6945-5984
  • G.V. Lozhkin Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute» http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6705-9344
  • N.A. Buniak Department of Psychology in production Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University, Ruska str., 56, 46000 Ternopil, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1129-6623
  • V.I. Osodlo Social Studies Institute, National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2893-4721
Keywords: athlete, self-reliance, self-esteem, locus of control, reflection

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to identify self-reliance manifestation features among qualified athletes of different sports. Material and methods. The study participants were representatives of combat sports (boxing) n = 23, complex-coordination (gymnastics) n = 25, speed-strength (discus throw) n = 23, and also cyclic sports (swimming) n = 38. In total 109 sportsmen. The age of the respondents was from 16 to 18 years old. Comprehensive psycho-diagnostic methods diagnose self-reliance level and manifestation degree of athletes’ personal qualities. Results. The results of the study confirmed our hypothesis that athletes of various sports may experience specific features of self-reliance. It has been established that self-reliance level is higher than average for representatives of combat and complex-coordinated sports. Representatives of cyclical and speed-strength sports are characterized with an average self-reliance level. Combat and complex-coordination sports are very similar according to the specifics of self-reliance expression. Self-reliance possibility data comparison among cyclical and speed-strength athletes showed their certain homogeneity. It has been revealed that only a future activities reflection is closely related to a self-reliance among boxers (Spearman rank correlation = -.478). There are two correlations in the sample of gymnastics representatives. An increase in the overall reflection index (Spearman rank correlation = -.489) and the future activities reflection index (Spearman rank correlation = -.427) leads to self-reliance decrease among gymnasts. The inhibitory effect of future activity reflection on the athletes’ self-reliance level has been established empirically. We determined that self-assessment is a personal formation that actualizes self-reliance of swimmers and discus throwers. (Spearman rank correlation = .618). Conclusions. The handled comparative analysis of self-reliance of different sports athletes has verified its high informative value. Statistically significant differences recorded in the self-reliance level among of boxing, gymnastics, discus throwing and swimming athletes. The high informative value of used questionnaire allows recommending it as a screening tool during promising athletes selection.

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Author Biographies

A.B. Kolosov, Laboratory of Current and Operative Control of National Teams' Performance, State Scientific Research Institute of Physical Culture and Sports
andriy_kolosov@i.ua; 19, Stolychne Shose, 03131, Kyiv, Ukraine
N.Yu. Volianiuk, Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute»
n.volianiuk1@gmail.com; 37 Peremogy Avenue, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
G.V. Lozhkin, Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute»
lozhkin35@gmail.com; 37 Peremogy Avenue, 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine
N.A. Buniak, Department of Psychology in production Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University, Ruska str., 56, 46000 Ternopil, Ukraine
bunjak_n@tntu.edu.ua; Ruska str., 56, 46000 Ternopil, Ukraine
V.I. Osodlo, Social Studies Institute, National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi
v.osyodlo@gmail.com; Povitroflotskyi Pr., 28, 03049 Kyiv, Ukraine

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Published
2019-08-28
How to Cite
1.
Kolosov A, Volianiuk N, Lozhkin G, Buniak N, Osodlo V. Comparative analysis of self-reliance of athletes of different sports. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2019;23(4):162-8. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2019.0401
Section
Articles

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