Keywords: Bhastrika Pranayama, Metabolic, Fitness, Bone Integrity


Purpose: The present study was conducted with the objective to determine the short term practice of bhastrika pranayama on Metabolic Fitness and Bone Integrity. Material: 30 university level females between the age group of 21-26 years were selected. The subjects were randomly matched and assigned into two groups: Group-A: Experimental (n 1=15); Group-B: Control (n 2=15). The subjects from Group-A: Experimental were provided to a 4-weeks bhastrika pranayama. Statistical Analysis: Student t test for paired samples was utilized to compare the means of the pre-test and the post-test. Results & Conclusions: Based on the analysis of the results obtained, we conclude that the significant differences were found in Metabolic Fitness (i.e., Maximal Oxygen Consumption (V O2max) and blood pressure of University Level Girls. Insignificant between-group differences were noted in Blood Lipid, Blood Sugar and Bone Integrity of University Level Girls.


Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 89 | times, Article PDF |


Madanmohan Thombre DP, & Bharathi B. Effect of yoga training on reaction time, respiratory endurance and muscle strength. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1992;36:229-233.

Udupa KN, & Singh RH. The scientific basis of yoga. JAMA 1972;220:1365-1370.

Dostalek C. Yoga: A returning constituent of medical sciences. Yoga Mimamsa 1985;24:21–34.

Selvamurthy W, Nayar HS, Joseph NT, & Joseph S. Physiological effects of yogic practice. Nimhans Journal 1983;1:71-80.

Malhotra V, Singh S, Tandon OP, Madhu SV, Prasad A, & Sharma SB. Effect of yoga asanas on nerve conduction in type 2 diabetes. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2002;46:298-306.

Malathi A, & Parulkar VG. Effect of Yogasanas on the visual and auditory reaction time. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1989;33:110-112.

Telles S, Joseph C, Venkatesh S, & Desiraju T. Alterations of auditory middle latency evoked potentials during yogic consciously regulated breathing and alternative states of the mind. Int J Psychophysiol. 1993;14:189–198.

Nancy. The Art of Breathing, Bantam Books Publishers; New York; 1986.

Taimni LK. The Science of Yoga. Madras. The Theosophical Publishing House; 1961.

Maharishi MY. The science of being and art of living. In: Rev.ed. Los Angeles, International SRM Publications; 1969.

Nagendra HR, & Nagarathna R. New perspectives in stress management.Bangalore Vivekananda Kendra Prakashana; 1977.

Bharshankar JR, Bharshanker RN, Deshpande VN, Kaore SB, & Gosavi GB. Effect of Yoga on Cardiovascular System in Subjects above 40 Years. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2003;47(2):202-06.

Khanam AA, Sachdev V, Guleria R, & Deepak KK. Study of Pulmonary and Autonomic Functions of Asthma Patients After Yoga Training. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1996;40(4):318-24.

Joshi LN, Joshi VD, & Gokhale LV. Effect of Short Term Pranayama on Breathing Rate and Ventilatory Functions of Lungs. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 1992;36(2):105-8.

Patel Sanjay. Surya Namaskar-Teach You the Sun Salute. Srishti Publishers: New Delhi; 2004.

Nagendra HR, & Nagarathna R. New Perspectives in Stress Management.Bangalore Vivekananda Kendra Prakashana; 1977.

Telles S, Reddy SK, Nagendra HR. Oxygen Consumption and Respiration Following Two Yoga Relaxation Techniques. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 2000;25:221–7.

Kumar Kundan. Yogacharya. 'Achieve Inner Well-Being Through Practice of Yoga'. The Times of India 2005;14:100-108.

Madanmohan T, Bharathi B, Nambinarayanan TK, Thalur S, Krishnamurthy N, & Chandrabose A. Effect of Yoga Training on Reaction Time, Respiratory Endurance and Muscle Strength. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 1992;36:229-233.

Taimni LK. The Science of Yoga. Madras, The Theosophical Publishing House; 1961.

Maharishi MY. The Science of Being and Art of Living. In: Rev.ed. Los Angeles, International SRM Publications; 1969.

Gopal KS, Bhatnagar OP, Subramanian N, & Nishith SD. Effect of Yogasans and Pranayama on Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate and Some Respiratory Functions. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 1973;17(3):273-276.

How to Cite
Baljinder SB. EFFECTS OF SHORT TERM PRACTICE OF BHASTRIKA PRANAYAMA ON METABOLIC FITNESS (METF) AND BONE INTEGRITY (BI). Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2015;19(7):72-8. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.0710