Analysis of possibility of competition distances’ combinations, realized by elite swimmers on the base of individual indicators of technical-tactic actions

Keywords: swimmers, competition functioning, speed, temp

Abstract

Purpose: to find out possibility of competition, different by length distances’ but with same structure of fulfilled movements combinations, realized by elite swimmers. Material: the tested group consisted of participants of European, 2014 championship final starts. We analyzed performances of men and women at distances 50, 100 and 200 meters (in total 12 distances for every swimmer). Results: we determined time and space characteristics of swimmers’ technical-tactic actions. Correlation of indicators of final starts participants’ competition functioning and indicators of sportsmen, who won medals at these distances was determined. We found elements of competition functioning, in fulfillment of which sportsmen’s individual features are manifested most of all. Conclusions: the fulfilled analysis of competition functioning of European championship final starts’ participants permits to say that elite swimmers (breaststroke style) are able to achieve high results at competition distances of different length, with definite level of technical-tactic fitness. Conclusions: individual potentials of elite swimmers permit to use different technical-tactic variants of distance covering. That is why the sportsmen are able to demonstrate high results at competition distances of different length with equal structure of fulfilled movements.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 201 | times, Article PDF |

References

1. Kleshnev V. Skorost', temp i shag v plavanii. [Speed, temp and step in swimming]. IV mezhdunarodnaia nauchno-prakticheskaia konferenciia “Plavanie. Issledovaniia, trenirovka, gidroreabilitaciia” [IV international scientific-practical conference “Swimming. Studies, training Hydro-rehabilitation“], Sankt Petersburg: Plavin; 2007. P. 33-36. (in Russian)



2. Pilipko OA. Peculiarities of technical and tactical skill skilled athlete specializing in swimming way to track 100 metres breaststroke. Physical Education of Students, 2012;3:98-102.



3. Politko EV, Pilipko OA. Possibilities of the use of correlation analysis for determination of basic and additional sporting specialization of swimmers 12-16 years. Physical Education of Students, 2009;1:49-53.



4. Skyriene V, Zuoziene IJ. Efficiency analysis of traditional long-term training system in team games at the first stage. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 2009;9:130-134.



5. Skyriene V. Individual analysis the competitive activity indicators of elite swimmer in a distance of 200 m. breaststroke. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 2010;7:104-108.



6. Arellano R, García F, Gavilán A, Pardillo S. Temporal analysis of the starting technique in freestyle swimming. Proceedings of the XIV Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, 1996 June 25-29, Funchal, Madeira; Portugal. 1996. p. 289-292.



7. Arellano R, Brown P, Cappaert J & Nelson RC. Analysis of 50 m, 100 m and 200 m freestyle swimmers at the 1992 Olympic Games. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 1994;10:189-199.



8. Blanksby B, Nicholson L, Elliott B. Biomechanical analysis of the grab, track and handle swimming starts: an intervention study. Sport biomechanics. 2001;1:11-24.



9. Conceição A, Silva AJ, Barbosa T, Karsai I, Louro H. Neuromuscular Fatigue during 200 M Breaststroke // Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2014;13:200-210.



10. Cossor J, Mason B. Swim start performances at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Proceedings of the XIX. Symposium on Biomechanics in Sport. San Francisco; 2001. Р. 70-74.



11. Costill D, Kovaleski J, Porter D, Fielding R, King, D. Energy expenditure during front crawl swimming: predicting success in middle-distance events. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 1985. P. 266-270.



12. Leblanc H, Seifert L, Chollet D. Does floatation influence breaststroke technique. J Appl Biomech. 2010;26(2): 150-158.



13. Maglischo E.W. Swimming fastest. Human Kinetics; 2003.



14. Mason B, Cossor J. Swim turn performances at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Proceedings of the XIX. Symposium on Biomechanics in Sport. San Francisco; 2001. Р. 98-102.



15. Rejman M, Ochmann B. Functional model of monofin swimming technique based on the construction of neural networks. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2007;6(2):193-203.



16. Ruschel C, Araujo LG, Pereira SM, Roesler H. Kinematic Analysis of the swimming start: block flight and underwater phases. Proceedings of XXV International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports. 2007; 385-388.



17. Satkunskienė D, Skyrienė V. Swimming biomechanics practice works [Plaukimo biomechanikos praktikos darbai], Kaunas: LKKA, 2007. (in Lithuanian).



18. Satkunskienė D, Bilinauskaitė M, Skyrienė V. Interaction between swimming velocity, leg flexion and extension in breaststroke [Plaukimo greičio, kojų lenkimo ir tiesimo ryšys plaukiant krūtine.] Education. Physical Training. Sport, 2009;75(4):58-65 (in Lithuanian).



19. Seifert L, Leblanc H, Chollet D, Delignières D. Inter-limb coordination in swimming: effect of speed and skill level. Human Movement Science, 2010;29(1):103-113.



20. Seifert L, Leblanc H, Hérault R, Komar J, Button C, Chollet D. Inter-individual variability in the upper–lower limb breaststroke coordination. Human movement science, 2011;30(3):550-565.



21. Skyriene V, Blažys V. Trend competitive activity in the 100m breaststroke in 2008-2014. Sports efficiency Factors (VIII). Kaunas: Lithuanian Sports University, 2015.



22. Skyriene V, Sibik T. Research on the efficiency of the swim start from the block improvement program. V international scientific congress „Olympic sports and sports for all“, April 23-24, 2010, Sophia, Bulgaria. 2010;1:152-155.



23. Takagi H, Sugimoto S, Nishijima N, Wilson B. Swimming: Differences in stroke phases, arm‐leg coordination and velocity fluctuation due to event, gender and performance level in breaststroke. Sports Biomechanics, 2004;3(1):15-27.



24. Thompson KG, Haljand R, MacLaren DP. An analysis of selected kinematic variables in national and elite male and female 100-m and 200-m breaststroke swimmers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2000;18(6):421–431.



25. Welcher RL, Hinrichs RN, George TR. Front- or rear-weighted track start or grab start: Which is the best for female swimmers? Sports Biomechanics. 2008;7(1):100–113.



26. European Swimming Championships in 2014. Available at: http://omegatiming.com/index.htm (accessed 23.04.2016)

Published
2016-04-28
How to Cite
1.
Skyriene V. Analysis of possibility of competition distances’ combinations, realized by elite swimmers on the base of individual indicators of technical-tactic actions. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2016;20(2):52-8. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2016.0208
Section
Articles