Self-assessment and aggression’s manifestation of Judo wrestlers in age and qualification aspects
AbstractPurpose: to determine self assessment and aggression’s manifestations of Judo wrestlers in age and qualification aspects. Material: in the research boys - Judo wrestlers from sport schools of Kaunas (Lithuania) participated (n=90, age - 16.9 ± 2.0 years). The athletes were divided into three groups. In qualification aspects were divided into two groups. The first group was composed as per sport achievements - the members of combined Lithuanian teams. The second group consisted athletes of different sport categories, which were not the members of combined teams. We used questionnaire as per scale of self assessment of M. Rosenberg and questionnaire of aggressiveness of Buss-Perry. Estimation of the received data was fulfilled with the help of U criterion of Manna-Whitney, H criterion of Kruskall-Wallis and χ2-criterion. Assessment of confidence of mean group data’s differences was fulfilled by Student’s t-test. Correlations of indicators were determined with the help of correlation coefficient of Spearmen. Results: with increasing of Judo wrestlers’ age we observed the tendency to increasing of their self-assessment. The older sportsmen become the higher is theirs aggressiveness. Depending on self-assessment level we did not find statistically confident differences in their aggression indicators. Large quantity of elite Judo wrestlers has high self-assessment. Self assessment and aggression indicators of sportsmen with sport categories statistically do not differ for elite Judo wrestlers’ indicators. Correlation between mean level of self assessment and aggression are present only in young Judo wrestlers. Conclusions: in all age groups of Judo wrester’s average level of self assessment prevails. Higher level is characteristic only for members of combined teams of the country. Judo wrestlers’ aggression depending on age differs only by one component (more adult wrestlers are more aggressive than juniors). In respect to the level of sportsmanship - differences are absent.
| Abstract views: 263 | PDF Downloads: 135 |
Anan'ev BG. Man as an object of cognition, Sankt Petersburg: Peter; 2001. (in Russian)
Volkov DN, Krylov AA, Loviagina AE. On the probleem of sport abilities‘ self assessment. Teoriia i praktika fizicheskoj kul'tury, 2008;2:30–33. (in Russian)
Volkov DN. Correspondence of self assessment and coach‘s assessment of different successfulness sportsmen. Psikhologicheskie problemy samorealizacii lichnosti, 2010;13:34-40. (in Russian)
Gant EE, Sigal NS, Shtykh VA. Personality‘s qualities of sportsmen, practicing oriental martial arts. Slobozhans'kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, 2013;1(34):91–94. (in Russian)
Zhilin SV. Perculiar aspects of sportsmen‘s Self-conception. Cand. Diss., Sankt Petersburg; 2003. (in Russian)
Zagajnov RM. The curse of profession: being and consciousness of practical psychologist. Moscow; 2001. (in Russian)
Il'in EP. Psychology of communication and interpersonal relations. Sankt Petersburg: Peter; 2009. (in Russian)
Lozovaia GV. Methodological problems of studying person‘s self-assessment. Ezhegodnik Rossijskogo psikhologicheskogo obshchestva, 2003;5:67–70. (in Russian)
Petrygin SB. Aggression of adolescents, practicing contact martial arts. Vestnik Riazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2012;4(37):23–35. (in Russian)
Stoliarov VI. The problems of modern sports‘ humanization and ways for their solution. Sport values and ways of its humsnization. Moscow: Russian Academy of Education, Humanitarian Center "SpArt"RSAPC; 1996. (in Russian)
Strekalovskaia IN. Sportsmen’s self assessment and its correction by means of self-cognition. Cand. Diss. Sankt Petersburg; 2005. (in Russian)
Bjorkqvist K. Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression: A review of recent research. Sex Roles. A Journal of Research, 1994; 30:177–188.
Buss AH, Perry MP. The aggression questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1992; 63:452–459.
Dunn CJ, Dunn JGH, Bayduza A. Perceived athletic competence, sociometric status, and loneliness in elementary school children. Journal of Sport Behavior, 2008; 30(3):249–269.
Endresen IM, Olweus D. Participation in power sports and antisocial involvement in preadolescent and adolescent boys. Journal of Child Psychology Psychiatry, 2005; 46(5):468–478.
Fields SK, Collins CL, Comstock RD. Conflict on the courts. A review of sports-related violence literature. Trauma, Violence Abuse, 2007; 8(4):359–369.
Findlay LC, Coplan RJ. Come out and play: Shyness in childhood and benefits of organized sports participation. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 2008; 40(3):153–161.
Gaskov AV, Kuzmin VA, Kudryavtsev DM, Iermakov SS. Successfulness of general and special physical qualities' development on different stage of students-boxers' training. Physical Education of Students. 2016;20(1):4-11. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0101
Heimpel S, Wood JV, Marshall MA, Brown JD. Do people with low self-esteem really want to feel better? Self-esteem differences in motivation to repair negative moods. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2002; 82(1):128–147.
Hubbard DH. Should we be targeting self-esteem in treatment for offenders: Do gender and race matter in whether self-esteem matters? Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 2006; 44(1):39–57.
Ivaškienė V, Markevičius V, Juknevičius V, Velička D. Different physical activity of senior adolescents, expressed in aggression and gender characteristics. Sporto mokslas, 2015; 1(79):52–56. (in Lithuanian)
Kalina RM, Jagiello W, Chodala A. The result of "testing fights in a vertical posture" as a criterion of talent for combat sports and self-defence - secondary validation (part I: the reliability). Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports. 2015;11:229-38.
Klimczak J, Kalina RM, Jagiello W. Fun forms of martial arts in diagnosing and reducing aggressiveness - mental effects of a one-day course for Polish animators of sport. Health and Martial Arts in Interdisciplinary Approach. 2015:187-9.
Krenn B. The Effect of Uniform Color on Judging Athletes' Aggressiveness, Fairness, and Chance of Winning. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. 2015;37(2):207-12.
Kruskal WH, Wallis WA. Use of ranks in one-criterion variance analysis. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 1952; 47(260):583–621.
Kudryavtsev MD, Kramida IE, Iermakov SS, Osipov AY. Development dynamic of healthy life style personality component in relatively healthy students. Physical Education of Students. 2016;20(6):26-33. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0603
Masiliauskas D. Different physical exercises in adolescents’ self-assessment. Socialiniai mokslai. Jaunųjų mokslininkų darbai, 2009; 2(23):162–166. (in Lithuanian)
Nideffer RM, Sagal MS. Assessment in Sport Psychology. Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology; 2001.
Perez M, Vohs KD, Joiner TE. Discrepancies between self- and other- esteem as correlates of aggression. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2005; 24(5):607–620.
Ring C, Kavussanu M, Willoughby A. Pain thresholds, pain-induced frontal alpha activity and pain-related evoked potentials are associated with antisocial behavior and aggressiveness in athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2016;22:303-11.
Rosenberg M. Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press; 1965.
Stanger N, Kavussanu M, Ring C. Gender Moderates the Relationship Between Empathy and Aggressiveness in Sport: The Mediating Role of Anger. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 2017;29(1):44-58.
Stornes T, Roland E. Handball and aggression: An investigation of adolescent handball players’ perceptions of aggressive behavior. European Journal of Sport Science, 2004; 4(1):68–74.
Šukys S. Factors of aggressiveness in sports. Ugdymas. Kūno kultūra. Sportas, 2003; 4(49):70–79. (in Lithuanian)
Šukys S. Social and ethical aspects of sports, Kaunas: LKKA, 2005. (in Lithuanian)
Tilindienė I. Sport measures in formation of relations with teenagers. Doctoral dissertation. Kaunas: LKKA, 2000. (in Lithuanian)
Zajančkauskaitė-Staskevičienė L, Milerytė A. Self-assessment and interface of employees. Ugdymas. Kūno kultūra. Sportas, 2010; 3(78):113–119. (in Lithuanian)
Copyright Holder - Author(s).
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: more