Gender features of self-description of schoolchildren’s physical condition

Keywords: schoolchildren, gender, self description of physical condition, physical education


Purpose: to study age and gender features of schoolchildren’s attitude to their physical “self”. Material: in the research pupils of 5-11 forms (n=365) participated. They were: 177 boys and 188 girls. Individual profile of personality’s physical “self” was studied. For this purpose test-questionnaire was used and self description of physical condition. Results: it was found that self assessment of schoolchildren’s physical condition was too high. It was in average 80-85% from maximal indicator. It was also found that by all indicators sportsmen had higher self-esteem. For development of boys and girls’ individual abilities and bents, overcoming of gender-role stereotypes it is necessary to have knowledge about sex and gender specificities of schoolchildren’s physical development as well as about their influence on self esteem and formation of physical qualities. Conclusions: we showed that it was possible to correct physical education curriculum and its implementation in educational process.


Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 81 | times, Article PDF |


Ageev VS. Psikhologicheskie i social'nye funkcii polorolevykh stereotipov [Psychological and social functions of sex-role stereotypes]. Voprosy psikhologii 1987:2:152–157. (in Russian)

Aleksandrova NI. Obraz fizicheskogo «Ia» v samosoznanii shkol'nikov [Image of physical “self” in self-conscious of adolescents]. XI nauchno-prakticheskaia konferenciia psikhologov sporta, Minsk [11th scientific-practical conference of sports psychologists. Minsk], 1990. P. 99–100. (in Russian)

Babeshko O. Genderni zasadi pobudovi zmistu fizichnogo vikhovannia shkoliariv [Gender principles of building of schoolchildren’s physical education content]. Fizichne vikhovannia v shkoli 2006:4:50 –53. (in Ukrainian)

Bochenkova EV. Formirovanie pozitivnogo samootnosheniia studentov v processe fizicheskogo vospitaniia. Cand. Diss. [Formation of positive students’ self-attitude in process of physical education. Cand. Diss.]. Krasnodar; 2000. (in Russian)

Il'in EP. Pol i gender [Sex and gender], Sankt Petersburg: Peter; 2010. (in Russian)

Kibal'nik OIa. Zastosuvannia fitnes tekhnologii dlia pidvishchennia rukhovoi aktivnosti ta fizichnoi pidgotovlenosti pidlitkiv. Cand. Diss. [Application of fitness technology for improvement f motor functioning and physical fitness of adolescents. Cand. Diss.]. Lviv; 2008. (in Ukrainian)

Krucevich TIu. Teoriia i metodika fizicheskogo vospitaniia [Theory and methodic of physical education]. Kiev: Olympic Literature; 2003. (in Russian)

Marchenko OIu. Faktori, iaki vplivaiut' na formuvannia cinnostej studentiv u fizichnij kul'turi [Factors, which influence on formation of students’ values in physical culture]. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports 2009;9:85–88. (in Ukrainian)

Marchenko OIu. Vpliv zaniat' sportom na samoocinku fizichnogo rozvitku studentiv riznikh grup [Influence of sports’ practicing on different group students’ self assessment of their physical condition]. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports 2010;8:56–60. (in Ukrainian)

Marchenko OIu. Osobennosti proiavlenij femininnosti i maskulinnosti u podrostkov [Peculiar features of feminine and masculine manifestations in adolescents]. Sportivnij visnik Pridniprov’ia 2013;1:66–69. (in Russian)

Marchenko OY. Gender differences in relation of students to sports activity. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports 2013;10:41–45.

Marchenko OY. Features of gender identity among schoolchildren of different ages. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports 2014;1:37–41.

Marchenko OIu. Gendernye osobennosti motivacii shkol'nikov k zaniatiiam fizicheskoj kul'turoj i sportom [Gender characteristics of schoolchildren’s motivations for physical culture and sports’ practicing]. Universitetskij sport v sovremennom obrazovatel'nom sociume 2015;2:157–161. (in Russian)

Marchenko OIu. Vidnoshennia studentiv, iaki zajmaiut'sia ta ne zajmaiut'sia sportom do zaniat' fizichnim vikhovanniam [Attitude of students, who practice and do not practice sports to physical education classes]. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports 2009;2:85–88. (in Ukrainian)

Marchenko OIu. Vpliv zaniat' sportom na formuvannia cinnostej individual'noi fizichnoi kul'turi studentiv [Influence of sports’ practicing on formation of values of students’ individual physical culture]. Sportivnij visnik Pridniprov’ia 2009;3–4:103–106. (in Russian)

Mdivani MO. Issledovanie struktury fizicheskogo obraza «Ia» u shkol'nikov. Cand. Diss. [Study of physical “self” image structure in schoolchildren. Cand. Diss.]. Moscow; 1991. (in Russian)

Moskalenko N, Pukhal's'ka I. Obgruntuvannia metodiki vikoristannia step-aerobiki v urochnikh formakh dlia divchat 13–14 rokiv [Substantiation of step-aerobic application methodic in lesson forms for 13014 years age girls]. Moloda sportivna nauka Ukraini 2004;8(3):24–45. (in Ukrainian)

Petrulite AR. Kognitivnyj i emocional'nyj komponent v strukture obraza «Ia» u studentov. Cand. Diss. [Cognitive and emotional components in structure of students’ “self” image. Cand. Diss.]. Leningrad; 1984. (in Russian)

Prikhozhan AM. Razvitie emocional'noj storony samosoznaniia [Development of emotional side of self conscious]. Formirovanie lichnosti v perekhodnyj period podrostkovogo k iunosheskomu vozrastu [Formation of personality in transitional period from adolescent to youth age]. Moscow: Pedagogy; 1987.

Sitnikov VP. Psikhologiia obraza rebenka. Dokt. Diss. [Psychology of image of child. Dokt. Diss]. Sankt Petersburg; 2001. (in Russian)

Shevciv US. Tekhnologiia vprovadzhennia ozdorovchikh vidiv gimnastiki u fizichne vikhovannia starshoklasnic'. Cand. Diss. [Technology of implementation of health related kinds of gymnastic in physical education of senior form girls. Cand. Diss.]. Lviv; 2009. (in Ukrainian)

Erikson EN. Childhood and Society. N.Y.: Norton; 1963.

Erikson EN. Identity, Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton; 1968.

Allen JL, Boivin MR. «Women’s will to fail» in a disjunctive reaction time competitive tack. Psychonom. Soc. 1976;8(5):401–402.

Aries E. Gender and communication. In: Review of personality and social psychology. P. Shaver and C. Hendrick (eds.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage; 1987;7(6):149–176.

Arllis LP. Gender communication. Englewood N.Y.: Prentice-Hall; 1991.

Bandura A. The role of vicarious learning in personality development. 18 Mezhdunarodnyj psikhologicheskij kongress «Formirovanie lichnosti v kollektive» [18th International psychological congress “Formation of personality in collective”], Moscow; 1966. P. 84–92.

Bartleson E, Gangemi J. A brief psychology of discrimination against women. J. of Instructional Psychology. 1983;10:5–21.

Bem SL. The lenses of gender: Transforming the debate on sexual inequality. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press; 1993.

Bern SL. The measurement of psychological androgeny. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 1974;31(42):155–162.

Bleier R. Science and gender. N.Y. Pergamon Press; 1984.

Butler J. Korper von Gewicht. Die diskursiven Grenzen des Geschlechts. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp; 1995.

Drass KL. The effect of gender identity on conversation. Social Psychology Quarterly. 1986;49(4):294–301.

Dworkin A. Pornography: Men Possessing Women. N.Y.: Perigee Books; 1981.

Johnson P. Women and power: toward a theory of effectiveness. J. of Social Issues. 1976;32(3):99–100.

How to Cite
Krutsevich T, Marchenko O. Gender features of self-description of schoolchildren’s physical condition. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2015;19(12):51-7.