Adaptive characteristics of main muscular groups’ static endurance in 6 years children in initial school period

Keywords: children, school loads, static endurance, posture

Abstract

Purpose: to study adaptation of 6 years children’s muscular skeletal apparatus to learning work by indicators of static endurance dynamic. Material: in the research 6 years children participated (n=64, boys - n=36, girls- n=28). Indicators of main muscular groups’ static endurance were studied. Results: we determined comparative topography of 13 muscular groups’ static endurance and substantial sex dimorphism was found. In 9 muscular groups the boys advantage was 11.7 - 50.2% (р < 0.05 ÷ 0.01). The level and correlation of muscles-antagonists’ static endurance from the point of evolutionary and ontogeny development of muscular-skeletal apparatus were substantiated. At the end of semester we found significant (р < 0.001) reduction of static endurance indicators as well as the fact that torso muscles were the most sensitive to influence of learning work’s static component. The level of static endurance weakening, under which syndrome of static over-tension appears, was determined. Conclusions: the research results permit to balance the volumes of learning load at initial stage of school work. Organizational-methodic principles of learning and physical education system for children shall be oriented on overcoming muscular-skeletal apparatus’s dysfunctions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 198 | PDF Downloads: 116 |

Author Biography

S.V. Bondarenko, Kirovohrad State Pedagogical University
ul. Shevchenko, 1, g. Kropivnitsky, 25006, Ukraine

References

Bazarnyj VF. Children’s eyesight. The problems of development. Novosibirsk: Science; 1991. (in Russian)



Bondarenko SV. Special aspects of static endurance development and formation of 6-7 yrs children’s posture in period of adaptation to school loads. Fizichne vikhovannia, sport i kul'tura zdorov’ia u suchasnomu suspil'stvi, 2015;3(31):117-120. (in Ukrainian)



Bondarenko SV. The problem of formation of 6-7 yrs children’s adaptation to school loads by means of visual exercises. Naukovo-pedagogichni problemi fizichnoi kul'turi, 2015; (57)15:45-48. (in Russian)



Enoka RM. The principles of kinesiology. Kiev: Olympic Literature; 1998. (in Russian)



Gorodnichenko EA. Age changes of strength and static endurance of 8-17 yrs pupils’ different muscular groups. In: Kuznecova ZI (ed.) Training of schoolchildren’s motor qualities. 1967. P. 46-80. (in Russian)



Ianchevskij AA. New methodic of sportsmen’s motor apparatus’s study. Teoriia i praktika fizicheskoj kul'tury, 1960;8:593-596. (in Russian)



Karapuzova ND, Zimnicia IeA, Pomogajbo VM. The principles of pedagogic ergonomic. Kiev: Academy; 2012. (in Ukrainian)



Kashuba VA. Bio-mechanic of posture. Kiev: Olympic Literature; 2003. (in Russian)



Khripkova AG, Antropova MV. Adaptation of students’ organism to academic and physical loads. Moscow: Pedagogy; 1982 (in Russian)



Korobkov AV, Cherniaev GI, Tret'iakov ND. Methodic of assessment of sportsmen’s physical fitness. Physical Culture and Sport; 1963. (in Russian)



Lajuni Rida ben Shedli. Modern methods of control over sportsmen’s power qualities in training process. Fizicheskoe vospitanie studentov tvorcheskikh special'nostej, 2002;2:22-27. (in Russian)



Nian'kovs'kij SL, Iacula MS. First form primary schoolchildren’s health and their readiness for systemic studying at school. Zdorov'e rebenka, 2010;3(24):10-15. (in Ukrainian)



Romanenko VA. Diagnostic of motor abilities. Donetsk: DonNu; 2005. (in Russian)



Rovnij AS, Lizogub VS. Psycho-sensor mechanisms of sportsmen’s movements’ control. Kharkiv: KNCWU; 2016. (in Ukrainian)



Rybalko BM. Portable installation for measurements of different muscular groups’ strength. Teoriia i praktika fizicheskoj kul'tury, 1966;2:24-27. (in Russian)



Ul'mer G, Briuk K, Val'dek F, Gart O, Tevs G. Human physiology. Moscow: World; 1986. (in Russian)



Vasil'ev LF. Manual diagnostic and therapy. Sankt-Peterburg: Foliant; 2001. (in Russian)



Allen BA, Hannon JC, Burns RD, William SM. Effect of a core conditioning intervention on tests of trunk muscular endurance in school-aged children. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 2014; 28 (7): 2063-40.



Backman E, Odenrick P, Henriksson KG, Ledin T. Isometric muscle force and anthropometric values in normal children aged between 3,5 and 15 years. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine. 1989; 21 (2): 105-114.



Bodnar IR, Kindzer AB. Leisure of Ukrainian schoolchildren and place of motor functioning in it. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 2016; 20(5): 11-18. doi:10.15561/18189172.2016.0502



Bondarenko S. 5-6 years old children visual efficiency development in the Period of school loading adaptation by means of visual exercises. The journal of Education. Photon, 2014;106:149-156.



Borbelyova D. Adaptation to the school environment in early elementary education. Paidagogos, 2017;2:206-228.



Brooke AH. Core muscle endurance and its relation – shipto functional balance and motor play skills in kindergartners. Graduate Program in Allied Medical Professions. The Ohio State University; 2012.



Brzek A, Dworrak T, Strauss M, Sanchis-Gomar F, Sabbah I, Dworrak B, et al. The weight of pupils' schoolbags in early school age and its influence on body posture. Bmc Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2017;18.



Condon C, Cremin K. Static Balance Norms in Children: Balance, Temporal, Stance, Tandem, Single Leg. Physiotherapy Research International. 2014 Mar;19(1):1–7.



Dejanovic A, Balkovec C, McGill S. Head Posture Influences Low Back Muscle Endurance Tests in 11-Year-Old Children. Journal of Motor Behavior. 2015;47(3):226-31.



Gras LL, Stockman I, Brolin K. Evaluation of 6 and 10 Year-Old Child Human Body Models in Emergency Events. Plos One. 2017;12(1).



Habib J, Yurchenko AA, Sergіenko KN. Comparative analysis of foot support-spring indicators of primary school age children with weak eyesight in physical education process. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 2016; 20(2): 59-65. doi:10.15561/18189172.2016.0209



Hawke F, Rome K, Evans AM. The relationship between foot posture, body mass, age and ankle, lower-limb and whole-body flexibility in healthy children aged 7 to 15 years. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 2016;9.



Ivashchenko OV. Classification of 11-13 yrs girls’ motor fitness, considering level of physical exercises’ mastering. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 2017; 21(2): 65-70. doi:10.15561/18189172.2017.0203



Johnson OE, Mbada CE, Akosile CO, Agbeja OA. Isometric endurance of the back extensors in school-aged adolescents with and without low back pain. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. 2009 Dec 7;22(4):205–11.



Lazarenko MG, Troyanovska M M. Pedagogic control of schoolchildren fitness in skiing training with the help of posturography methods. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 2017; 21(1): 36-40. doi:10.15561/18189172.2017.0106



Moreau CE, Green BN, Johnson CD, Moreau SR. Isometric Back Extension Endurance Tests: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 2001 Feb;24(2):110–22.



Myronenko SG. Adaptation ways to school loads of primary shool children. Bulletin of problems biology and medicine, 2016;1(126):72-75.



O’Connell DG, O’Connell JK, Garrett ML, Adams N, Patterson B, Spencer E. isometric strength and dynamic back extensor endurance are unrelated in children ages 6–10 years: a pilot study. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 2004;99(3f):1290–4.



Pausic J, Rausavhevic N. Changes in children’s posture from the first to the third grate of elementary school. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 2009;15(3):1–7.



Telegina NV, Belicheva TV. The criteria of adaption of primary school pupils to the academic load of the increased intensity. International journal of environmental and science education.2016;11(8):2059-2067.



Troussier B, Davoine P, de Gaudemaris R, Fauconnier J, Phelip X. Back pain in school children. A study among 1178 pupils. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1994 Sep;26(3):143–6.



Zaineev MM, Martyanov OP, Zefirov TL. Reaction of cardiovascular and respiratory system of the first-year pupils the various types of load duriny the school year. Researсh journal of medicial sсiences. 2015;10(3):76-79.

Published
2017-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Bondarenko S. Adaptive characteristics of main muscular groups’ static endurance in 6 years children in initial school period. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2017;21(4):157-62. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2017.0402
Section
Articles