Central hemodynamic response to interval aerobic jogging in healthy male students

Keywords: stroke volume, blood pressure, cardiac output, maximal oxygen consumption

Abstract

Purpose Regular training improves maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and cardiovascular function. The aim of this study was to determine the central hemodynamic adaptation after interval aerobic jogging in healthy male students. Methods Twenty untrained male students (aged 18-20 years) were volunteered and randomly divided into two groups: interval (I; n=10) and control (C; n=10). Countryside interval jogging programme 5×9 min at 70% of Maximum Heart Rate interspersed with 4 min inactive recovery, 3 days/week for 8-weeks performed. The control group remained sedentary during the period. VO2max obtained using the step-test. Standard medical method of tetrapolar chest reography (impedance cardiography) was performed for hemodynamic parameters, during resting and after workload (Step-test) conditions, before and after the training. Results Using t-test, after eight weeks the resting heart rate in both groups did not change significantly (P>0.05). The stroke volume increased significantly in I group after workload (P≤0.05). The cardiac output (CO) did not change significantly in both groups (P>0.05). The systolic blood pressure in I group decreased significantly at rest and after workload (P≤0.05). The diastolic blood pressure did not change significantly in both groups (P>0.05). The systemic vascular resistance in the both groups did not change significantly (P>0.05). The maximal aerobic capacity absolute and relative increased significantly in I group (P≤0.05). Significant difference between groups in stroke volume, cardiac output, VO2max absolute and relative (P≤0.05) was found. Conclusions. Eight weeks aerobic interval jogging can influence on central hemodynamic and VO2max in male students.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 439 | PDF Downloads: 83 |

Author Biography

Mahdiabadi Javad, Belarusian State University of Physical Culture
Pobediteley Ave., 105, Minsk, 220020, Republic of Belarus

References

Andrade CH, Cianci RG, Malaguti C, Corso SD. The use of step tests for the assessment of exercise capacity in healthy subjects and in patients with chronic lung disease. J Bras Pneumol, 2012; 38: 116–124.



Atchley AE, Douglas PS. Left ventricular hypertrophy in athletes: morphologic features and clinical correlates. Cardiol Clin, 2007; 25: 371–382. doi:10.1016/j.ccl.2007.06.009



Aubert AE, Beckers F, Ramaekers D. Short-term heart rate variability in young athletes. J Cardiol, 2001; 37: 85-8.



Baggish AL. The athlete's heart. In: Ostadal B, and Dhalla NS, editors. Cardiac adaptation. Advances in Biochemistry in Health and Disease. New York: Springer Science and Business Media; 2013. p. 289-302.



Bo-Ae Lee, Deuk-Ja Oh. The effects of long-term aerobic exercise on cardiac structure, stroke volume of the left ventricle, and cardiac output. J Exerc Rehabil, 2016; 12: 37–41. doi:10.12965/jer.150261



Boutcher S H. High-intensity intermittent exercise and fat loss. J. Obes, 2011, 868305. doi:10.1155/2011/868305



Cavalcante MA, Bombig MT, Luna Filho B, Carvalho AC, Paola AA, Póvoa R. Quality of life of hypertensive patients treated at an outpatient clinic. Arq Bras Cardiol, 2007; 89: 245–250.



Ciolac EG, Guimaraes GV, D’Avila VM, Bortolotto L A, Doria E L, Bocchi E A. Acute effects of continuous and interval aerobic exercise on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure in long-term treated hypertensive patients. Int J Cardiol, 2009; 133: 381-387. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.02.005



da Nobrega AC. The subacute effects of exercise: concept, characteristics, and clinical implications. Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 2005; 33: 84-7.



Duncker DJ, Bache R J. Regulation of Coronary Blood Flow During Exercise. Physiological Reviews, 2008; 88: 1009-1086. doi:10.1152/physrev.00045.2006



Fontes-Carvalho R, Sampaio F, Teixeira M, et al. The role of a structured exercise training program on cardiac structure and function after acute myocardial infarction: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 2015; 16: 90. doi:10.1186/s13063-015-0612-6



Fontes-Carvalho R, Azevedo AI, Sampaio F, Teixeira M, Bettencourt N, Campos L, et al. The Effect of Exercise Training on Diastolic and Systolic Function After Acute Myocardial Infarction. Medicine, 2015; 94: 1-7. doi:10.1097/md.0000000000001450



Gayda M, Normandin E, Meyer P, Juneau M, Haykowsky M, Nigam A. Central hemodynamic responses during acute high-intensity interval exercise and moderate continuous exercise in patients with heart failure. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 2012; 37: 1171-8. doi:10.1139/h2012-109



Gibala MJ, McGee SL. Metabolic adaptations to short-term high-intensity interval training: a little pain for a lot of gain? Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 2008; 36: 58–63. doi:10.1097/jes.0b013e318168ec1f



Gibala MJ, Little JP, van Essen M, Wilkin GP, Burgomaster KA, Safdar A, et al. Short-term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance. J Physiol, 2006; 575:901-11. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2006.112094



Gielen S, Schuler G, Adams V. Cardiovascular effects of exercise training: molecular mechanisms. Circulation, 2010; 122: 1221–1238. doi:10.1161/circulationaha.110.939959



Gormley SE, Swain DP, High R, Spina RJ, Dowling EA, Kotipalli US, et al. Effect of intensity of aerobic training on VO2max. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2008; 40: 1336–43. doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e31816c4839



Hazell TJ, Macpherson RE, Gravelle BM, Lemon PW. 10 or 30-s sprint interval training bouts enhance both aerobic and anaerobic performance. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2010; 110: 153–160. doi:10.1007/s00421-010-1474-y



Helgerud J, Hoydal K, Wang E, Karlsen T, Berg P, Bjerkaas M, et al. Aerobic high-intensity intervals improve VO2max more than moderate training. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise, 2007; 39: 665-671. doi:10.1249/mss.0b013e3180304570



Heran BS, Chen JM, Ebrahim S, et al. Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for coronary heart disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2011; 7: CD001800. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001800



Joyner MJ, Casey DP. Regulation of Increased Blood Flow (Hyperemia) to Muscles During Exercise: A Hierarchy of Competing Physiological Needs. Physiological Reviews, 2015; 95: 549-601. doi:10.1152/physrev.00035.2013



Kelley GA, Kelley KA, Tran ZV. Aerobic Exercise and Resting Blood Pressure: A Meta-Analytic Review of Randomized, Controlled Trials. Preventive cardiology, 2001;4:73-80.



Leicht AS, Sinclair WH, Spinks WL. Effect of exercise mode on heart rate variability during steady state exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2008; 102: 195-204. doi:10.1007/s00421-007-0574-9



Mazurek K, Krawczyk K, Zmijewski P, Norkowski H, Czajkowska A. Effects of aerobic interval training versus continuous moderate exercise programme on aerobic and anaerobic capacity, somatic features and blood lipid profile in collegate females. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 2014; 21: 844–849. doi:10.5604/12321966.1129949



McArdle W, Katch F, Katch V, editors. Exercise Physiology, Nutrition, Energy and Human Performance. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.



Metcalfe RS, Babraj JA, Fawkner SG, Vollaard NB. Towards the minimal amount of exercise for improving metabolic health: beneficial effects of reducedexertion high-intensity interval training. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2012; 112: 2767–2775. doi:10.1007/s00421-011-2254-z



Meyer K, Foster C, Georgakopoulos N, Hajric R, Westbrook S, Ellestad A, et al. Comparison of left ventricular function during interval versus steady-state exercise training in patients with chronic congestive heart failure. Am J Cardiol, 1998; 82: 1382-7. doi:10.1016/S0002-9149(98)00646-8



Mihl C, Dassen WR, Kuipers H. Cardiac remodeling: concentric versus eccentric hypertrophy in strength and endurance athletes. Neth Heart J, 2008; 16: 129-133. doi:10.1007/bf03086131



Mitchell JH, Payne FC, Saltin B, Schibye B. The role of muscle mass in the cardiovascular response to static contractions. J Physiol, 1980; 309: 45-54.



Molmen-Hansen HE, Stolen T, Tjonna AE, Aamot IL, Ekeberg IS, Tyldum GA, et al. Aerobic interval training reduces blood pressure and improves myocardial function in hypertensive patients. Eur J Prev Cardiol, 2012; 19: 151-60. doi:10.1177/1741826711400512



Oakley D. The athlete's heart. Heart - BMJ Journals, 2001; 86: 722–726. doi:10.1136/heart.86.6.722



Park SK, Park JH, Kwon YC, Yoon MS, Kim CS. The effect of long-term aerobic exercise on maximal oxygen consumption, left ventricular function and serum lipids in elderly women. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci, 2003; 22: 11-17. doi:10.2114/jpa.22.11



Rawlins J, Bhan A, Sharma S. Left ventricular hypertrophy in athletes. Eur J Echocardiogr, 2009; 10: 350-356. doi:10.1093/ejechocard/jep017



Ridker PM. On evolutionary biology, inflammation, infection, and the causes of atherosclerosis. Circulation, 2002; 105: 2-4.



Riebe D, Franklin BA, Thompson PD, Garber CE, Whitfield GP, Magal M, et al. Updating ACSM’s recommendations for exercise preparticipation health screening. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2015; 47: 2473–2479. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000664



Rodrigues ACT, de Melo Costa J, Alves GB, Ferreira da Silva D, Picard MH, Andrade JL, et al. Left ventricular function after exercise training in young men. Am J Cardiol, 2006; 97: 1089-92. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.10.055



Shiotani H, Umegaki Y, Tanaka M, Kimura M, Ando H. Effects of aerobic exercise on the circadian rhythm of heart rate and blood pressure. Chronobiol Int, 2009; 26: 1636-46. doi:10.3109/07420520903553443



Sijie T, Hainai Y, Fengying Y, Jianxiong W. High intensity interval training in overweight young women. J Sports Med Phys fitness, 2012; 52: 255-6.



Smart N, Haluska B, Jeffriess L, Marwick TH. Exercise training in systolic and diastolic dysfunction: effects on cardiac function, functional capacity, and quality of life. Am Heart J, 2007; 153: 530–536. doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2007.01.004



Tjonna AE, Lee SJ, Rognmo O, Stølen TO, Bye A, Haram PM, et al. Aerobic interval training versus continuous moderate exercise as a treatment for the metabolic syndrome. Circulation, 2008; 118: 346-354. doi:10.1161/circulationaha.108.772822



Tjonna AE, Leinan IM, Bartnes AT, Jenssen BM, Gibala MJ, et al. Low- and High-Volume of Intensive Endurance Training Significantly Improves Maximal Oxygen Uptake after 10-Weeks of Training in Healthy Men. PLoS ONE, 2013 8(5): e65382. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065382



Trilk JL, Singhal A, Bigelman KA, Cureton KJ. Effect of sprint interval training on circulatory function during exercise in sedentary, overweight/obese women. European journal of applied physiology, 2011; 111: 1591–7. doi:10.1007/s00421-010-1777-z



Walker R, Hill K. Modeling growth and senescence in physical performance among the ache of eastern Paraguay. Am J Hum Biol, 2003; 15: 196–208. doi:10.1002/ajhb.10135



Warburton DE, Gledhill N, Jamnik VK, Krip B, Card N. Induced hypervolemia, cardiac function, VO2max, and performance of elite cyclists. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1999;31: 800-808.



Wisloff U, Ellingsen O, Kemi OJ. High-intensity interval training to maximize cardiac benefits of exercise training? Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2009; 37: 139–46. doi:10.1097/jes.0b013e3181aa65fc



Yu CM, Li LS, Lam MF, et al. Effect of a cardiac rehabilitation program on left ventricular diastolic function and its relationship to exercise capacity in patients with coronary heart disease: experience from a randomized, controlled study. Am Heart J, 2004; 147: e24. doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2003.12.004

Published
2017-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Javad M. Central hemodynamic response to interval aerobic jogging in healthy male students. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2017;21(4):169-74. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2017.0404
Section
Articles