Simulation of morphological-functional profiles of elite sportsmen, who specialize in breaststroke swimming at different distances
AbstractPurpose: development of morphological functional models of elite sportsmen, specializing in breaststroke swimming at different length distances. Material: in the research 25 swimmers -finalists of Championships and Cups of Ukraine in breaststroke at distances of 50, 100 and 200 meters participated. Results: it was found that sportsmen’s morphological-functional profile has its peculiar features. It was determined that degree of morphological-functional indicators’ correlation with sport result depends on change of competition distance length. With increasing of competition distance length the role of vital capacity of lungs’ indicators increase as well as body length, shin length, width of hand. In its turn significance of circumferential body sizes, foot width and heart beat rates (in lying position for 10 sec.) reduces. Conclusions: determination of sportsman’s individual characteristics’ correspondence to morphological-functional status can permit to correctly choose distance specialization of swimmer and open his potentials to the fullest.
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