The effects of weekly motivational phone calls on the amount of leisure sports activities and changes in physical fitness

  • G. Badicu Department of Physical Education and Special Motility, Faculty of Physical Education and Mountain Sports, University Transilvania of Braşov http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4100-8765
  • H. Gatterer Institute of Mountain Emergency Medicine of EURAC Research http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5084-2930
  • L. Balint Department of Physical Education and Special Motility, Faculty of Physical Education and Mountain Sports, University Transilvania of Braşov http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3503-6233
  • M. Burtscher Department of Sport Science, Sports Medicine and Prevention, University of Innsbruck http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5232-3632
Keywords: leisure sports activities, physical fitness, adults, physical activity

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether motivational weekly phone calls are able to promote overall and/or leisure physical activity levels and fitness in an urban population of Romania. Material: Sixty-five adult subjects (30 males and 35 females) were randomly selected and followed over the 8-month study period. Total physical activity and changes in body mass and body mass index (kg/m2) were recorded on a monthly basis. Fitness level was assessed by the participants themselves using three standardized motor tests: push-up test, 1-minute sit-up test and 3-minute step test. Results: The intervention resulted in an increase of physical activity level by approximately 70% in males and females aged 25-39 years. In those aged 40-49 years physical activity levels were enhanced by 77% in males and 18% in females. These changes were associated with improvements (25-31%; p < 0.01) in fitness levels. Changes in physical activity over the 8-month intervention period were negatively correlated with body mass index (r = - 0.721, p < 0.01). Conclusions: This study demonstrates that motivation by regular phone calls was highly effective in increasing leisure sports activities and improving fitness levels in young and middle-aged adults of both sexes.

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Author Biographies

G. Badicu, Department of Physical Education and Special Motility, Faculty of Physical Education and Mountain Sports, University Transilvania of Braşov
(Corresponding author); georgian.badicu@unitbv.ro; Bulevardul Eroilor 29, Brașov 500036, Romania
H. Gatterer, Institute of Mountain Emergency Medicine of EURAC Research
Viale Druso, 1 / Drususallee 1, 39100 Bolzano / Bozen, Italy
L. Balint, Department of Physical Education and Special Motility, Faculty of Physical Education and Mountain Sports, University Transilvania of Braşov
Bulevardul Eroilor 29, Brașov 500036, Romania
M. Burtscher, Department of Sport Science, Sports Medicine and Prevention, University of Innsbruck
Fürstenweg 185, A-6020, Innsbruck, Austria

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Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
Badicu, G., Gatterer, H., Balint, L., & Burtscher, M. (2018). The effects of weekly motivational phone calls on the amount of leisure sports activities and changes in physical fitness. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 22(5), 226-230. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0501
Section
Articles