Construction of rational regimes in motor activity of children aged 3-4 years in pre-school educational institutions of various types

Keywords: children, physical activity, physical education, health technologies

Abstract

Purpose: to develop rational regimes of physical activity and to determine their influence on the physical condition of children aged 3-4 years attending pre-school institutions of various types. Material: the research was carried out in pre-school educational institutions of various types in the city of Dnepr (Ukraine) (№ 282, combined type, № 192, sanatorium type, № 28, compensatory type, № 244 and № 404, general development). One hundred and eighty-five children took part in the research, 103 of them were 3-year-olds and 82 - preschoolers of 4-year-old age. Control and experimental groups were formed in each age group in kindergartens of a certain type. The control group consisted of 91 children, the experimental group - 94. In the study we used measurements of anthropometry, pulsometry, spirometry, functional tests. The obtained results were processed by independent t-test to evaluate differences between groups. Results: the functional conditions of the children’s study of the experimental groups (boys and girls) have positive changes in the spirometry indices, respiration rates, pulsometry, Ruffier index with a significant difference with the control groups (p<0,05). In addition, in the course of our research, the parameters of the motor activity of children 3-4 years were determined on the base of pacing, while carrying out various organizational forms of physical education. These indicators can be oriented towards the development of a rational motor regimen for younger preschool children. Conclusions: the proposed regimes and forms of motor activity can be used in the organization of physical education of children in pre-school educational institutions of different types for the improvement of morphofunctional indices and physical activity.

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Author Biographies

N.V. Moskalenko, Pridneprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports
Vice-rector for Scientific Activities; Naberezhna Pobedy str., 10, Dnieper, 49094, Ukraine
A.V. Poliakova, Department of Sports Games, Pridneprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports
Naberezhna Pobedy str., 10, Dnieper, 49094, Ukraine
T.V. Sidorchuk, Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education, Pridneprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports
(Corresponding author); ydorchuk1704@gmail.com; Naberezhna Pobedy str., 10, Dnieper, 49094, Ukraine

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Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
Moskalenko, N., Poliakova, A., & Sidorchuk, T. (2018). Construction of rational regimes in motor activity of children aged 3-4 years in pre-school educational institutions of various types. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 22(5), 265-271. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0507
Section
Articles