Effective long term adaptation and metabolic state regulation of ski-racers

Keywords: lipids peroxidation, oxidative modification of proteins, sports efficiency, cortisol

Abstract

Purpose: to scientifically substantiate effective mechanisms of organism’s bio-chemical adaptation of ski-racers in competition period with the help of lipid peroxidation indicators, oxidative modification of proteins and activity of hypothalamus pituitary adrenocortical system. Material: in the research 14 sportsmen of 18-25 years’ age (combined team of university) with different level of sportsmanship participated. Assessment of free radical oxidation, anti-oxidant system, cortisol level was fulfilled with the help of indicators’ quantitative analysis by bio-chemical methods applied to blood serum samples. Results: it was found that in the basis of bio-chemical changes under intensive physical loads is increase of catabolic processes’ speed. Change of organism’s metabolic orientation of ski racers at optimal level results in working muscles’ energy supply improvement, increase of energy systems’ power and sports efficiency. Conclusions: Application of interval trainings at stages of preparation to special significant competitions results in expected adaptation and increase of sports efficiency. We also showed their effective role in ensuring long term reactions, conditioning high sports efficiency.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 75 | PDF Downloads: 31 |

References

1. Aristova NA, Ivanova IP, Trofimova SV, Piskaryov IM, Burkhina OE. Mekhanizmy khemiliuminescencii v reakcii Fentona [Mechanisms of hemi-luminescence in Fenton’s reaction]. Issledovano v Rossii, 2011 14:909-919. (in Russian).



2. Arutyunyan AV, Dubinina EE, Zybina NN. Metody ocenki svobodnoradikal'nogo okisleniia i antioksidantnoj sistemy organizma [Methods of assessment of free radical oxidation and organism’s antioxidant system]. Saint-Petersburg: IKF Foliant; 2000. (in Russian).



3. Balashov YG. Fliuorometricheskij mikrometod opredeleniia kortikosteroidov: sravnenie s drugimi metodami [Fluorometric micro-method of corticosteroids’ determination;comparison with other methods]. Fiziologicheskij zhurnal SSSR, 1990;12:280–283. (in Russian).



4. Bakhareva AS, Isaev AP, Tseylikman OB, Aminov AS. Ocenka metabolicheskogo sostoianiia lyzhnikov-gonshchikov vysokoj kvalifikacii pri razvitii lokal'no-regional'noj myshechnoj vynoslivosti [Assessment of metabolic state of elite ski racers under development of local regional muscular endurance], Teoriia i praktika fizicheskoj kul'tury, 2016;3:12–13. (in Russian).



5. Viru AA, Kyrche PK. Gormony i sportivnaia rabotosposobnost' [Hormones and sports workability]. Moscow: Physical Culture and Sport; 1983. Russian.



6. Volchegorskiy IA, Dolgushin II, Kolesnikov OL, Tseilikman VE. Eksperimental'noe modelirovanie i laboratornaia ocenka adaptacionnykh reakcij organizma [Experimental simulation and laboratory estimation of organism’s adaptation reactions]. Chelyabinsk: ChGPU Publ., 2000. (in Russian).



7. Dubinina EE, Burmistrov SO, Khodov DA, Porotov IG. Okislitel'naia modifikaciia belkov syvorotki krovi cheloveka, metod ee opredeleniia [Oxidative modification of human blood serum proteins; the method of its determination]. Voprosy medicinskoj khimii. 1995;80(6):24–26. (in Russian).



8. Dubinina EE, Pustygina AV. Okislitel'naia modifikaciia proteinov, ee rol' pri patologicheskikh sostoianiiakh [Proteins’ oxidative modification, its role with pathological states]. Ukrains'kij biokhimichnij zhurnal, 2008;80(6):5-18. (in Russian).



9. Dyatlov DA, Volshegorskiy IA, Lvovskaya EI, Sashenkov SL. Analiz soderzhaniia produktov lipoperoksidacii v krovi lyzhnikov-gonshchikov razlichnoj sportivnoj kvalifikacii [Analysis of lipids peroxidation products in blood of ski racers of different sports qualification]. Teoriia i praktika fizicheskoj kul'tury. 1997;4:24–27. (in Russian).



10. Isaev AP, Lichagina SA, Kabanov SA, Goryaeva EY. Metabolizm v processe myshechnoj deiatel'nosti iunykh sportsmenov-dziudoistov [Metabolism in the process of muscular functioning of junior Judo sportsmen]. Vestnik IuUrGU, 2006;3:67–69. (in Russian).



11. Lvovskaya EI. Narushenie processov lipidnoj peroksidacii pri termicheskoj travme i patogeneticheskoe obosnovanie lecheniia antioksidantami iz plazmy krovi. Cand. Diss. [Violation of lipids’ peroxidation processes with thermal trauma and path-genetic substantiation of treatment with antioxidants from blood plasma. Cand. Diss.]. Chelyabinsk; 1998. (in Russian).



12. Lvovskaya EI, Volchegorskiy IA, Shemyakov SE, Lifshits RI. Spektrofotometricheskoe opredelena konechnykh produktov perekisnogo okisleniia lipidov [Spectral photometric determination of lipids’ peroxidation final products]. medicinskoj khimii, 1991;4:92–4. (in Russian).



13. Rogozin VA. Metody biokhimicheskogo kontrolia v sporte [Methods of bio-chemical control in sports]. Leningrad: Medicine; 1990. (in Russian).



14. Seluyanov VN. Podgotovka beguna na srednie distancii [Training of middle distance runner]. Moscow: Division; 2007. (in Russian).



15. Fomina MA, Abalenikhina YV. Sposob kompleksnoj ocenki soderzhaniia produktov okislitel'noj modifikacii belkov v tkaniakh i biologicheskikh zhidkostiakh [Method of complex estimation of proteins’ oxidative modification products in tissues and biological liquids]. Ryazan: RIORyazGMU; 2014. (in Russian).



16. Hargreaves M. Metabolizm v processe fizicheskoj deiatel'nosti [Metabolism in the process of physical functioning]. Kiev: Olympic Literature; 1998. (in Russian).



17. Coggan AR, Williams BD. Metabolic adaptations to endurance training: substrate metabolism during exercise. In: Hargreaves M, editor. Exercise metabolism. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1995. p. 177–210.



18. Davies KJ. Degradation of oxidized proteins by the 20S proteasome. Biochimie. 2001;83(3-4):301–310.



19. Goya-Esteban R, Barquero-Pérez O, Sarabia-Cachadiña E, de la Cruz-Torres B, Naranjo-Orellana J, Rojo-Álvarez JL. Heart rate variability non linear dynamics in intense exercise. Comput Cardiol. 2012;39;177–180.



20. Henriksson J. Metabolism in the contracting skeletal muscle. In: R.J. Shephard RJ, Åstrand P-O, editors. Endurance in sports. Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd; 1992. p. 226–243.



21. Holmberg H. Integrative biomechanics and physiology in c-c skiing. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Science and Skiing; 2013, Dec 14-19; St. Christoph a. Arlberg, Austria. p. 7.



22. Jones LA, Holmes JC, Seligman RB. Spectrophotometric studies of some 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazones. Anal Chem. 1956;28(2):191–198.



23. Klusiewicz A, Faff J, Starczewska-Czapowska J. Prediction of maximal oxygen uptake from submaximal and maximal exercise on a ski ergometer. Biol Sport. 2011;28:31–35.



24. Losnegard Т, Hallén J. Physiological differences between sprint-and distance-specialized cross-country skiers. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2014;9(1):25–31.



25. Saltin B. Success in cc skiing: no longer just a question of a high aerobic capacity. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Science and Skiing; 2013, Dec 14-19; St. Christoph a. Arlberg, Austria. p. 14.



26. Vogt AM, Nef H, Schaper J, Poolman M, Fell DA, Kübler W, Elsässer A. Metabolic control analysis of anaerobic glycolysis in human hibernating myocardium replaces traditional concepts of flux control. FEBS Left. 2002;517(2):245–250.



27. Volkov NI, Popov OI. Physiological criterions of adaptation in man to physical loads. B Ser Biol. 2007;34(4):24–29.

Published
2016-06-28
How to Cite
1.
Bakhareva A, Isaev A, Erlikh V, Aminov A. Effective long term adaptation and metabolic state regulation of ski-racers. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2016;20(3):4-0. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2016.0301
Section
Articles