Individual chronobiological regularity in track-and-field sprint




sprint, athletics, models, biorhythm


The purpose of the work: to identify the patterns of individual dynamics of competitive performance in track and field sprint.Material. The study involved a highly qualified athlete (running for short distances, long jumps).Results. In the sinusoidal functions of the competitive performance of the athlete, the period of oscillation was 32 to 48 days. It is shown that the period of the sinusoidal function of the dynamics of competitive performance (about 30-40 days) coincides with the period of the ovarian cycle of the athlete. A reliable relationship between the 400 m run time and intuitive biorhythm values was established (the oscillation period is 38 days (r = -0.58, p <0.05)). The data obtained coincided with the period of fluctuations in the sports form. Training programs are built on the patterns of ups and downs of the functional state.Conclusions. Regularities of the individual dynamics of the sports form make it possible to provide the necessary correspondence between the state of the organism and the dynamics of the loads.


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Author Biographies

Zh.L. Kozina, Department of Olympic and Professional Sports and Sports Games, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

(Corresponding author);; Alchevskyh str. 29, Kharkov, 61002, Ukraine

I.F. Prokopenko, Department of Economic Theory, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Alchevskyh str. 29, Kharkov, 61002, Ukraine

M. Cretu, Faculty of Science, Physical Education and Informatics, University of Pitesti

Str. Targul din Vale, nr.1, 110040 Pitesti, Arges, Romania

O.I. Chaika, Department of Physical Education, Kharkov National Air Force University

ul. Klochkovskaya, 228, 61000, Kharkov, Ukraine

O.A. Ryepko, Department of Olympic and Professional Sports and Sports Games, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Alchevskyh str. 29, Kharkov, 61002, Ukraine

A.V. Osiptsov, Mariupol State University

Budivelnykiv Ave., 129a, Mariupol, 87500, Ukraine

T.O. Razumenko, Faculty of Foreign Philology, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Alchevskyh str. 29, Kharkov, 61002, Ukraine

M.D. Kudryavtsev, Siberian Federal University

79, Svobodny pr., Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russia

A.O. Polianskyi, Department of Criminal Law Disciplines, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Alchevskyh str. 29, Kharkov, 61002, Ukraine


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How to Cite

Kozina Z, Prokopenko I, Cretu M, Chaika O, Ryepko O, Osiptsov A, Razumenko T, Kudryavtsev M, Polianskyi A. Individual chronobiological regularity in track-and-field sprint. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2018;22(3):149-55.

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