Physical activity as a health factor modifying heart rate variability (HRV)

Keywords: Autonomic nervous system (AUN), heart rate variability (HRV), health, physical exercise adaptation

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the research was the evaluation of the selected HRV factors of the training volleyball players in two training periods and non-training people. Materials and methods : The study involved 8 leading volleyball players aged 20-23 and 13 non-training persons aged 19-26. The study of the training players was conducted twice: in the pre-competition and in the competition period. The study for the non-training persons was conducted once. The selected factors of the spectral analysis have been evaluated: TP [ms 2], share of LF and HF power [n.u], LF/HF indicator and time analysis factors: RR [ms], HR [1/min], RMSSD [ms]. Results : Statistically significant differences appeared only in the selected time analysis factors (RR, HR), between the group of the training and non-training persons. Other differences in the evaluated parameters were not statistically significant. Conclusions : Physical activity influences on the HRV growth. HRV measurement may serve for the control of the changes taking place in the AUN under the influence of the physical activity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 123 | times, Article PDF |

References

Silvetti M.S., Drago F., Ragonese P. Heart rate variability in healthy children and adolescents is partially related to age and gender. Int J Cardiol, 2001, vol. 81(2-3), pp. 169-74.



Task Force. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology, Heart Rate Variability: standards of measurement physiological interpretation and clinical use. Eur. Heart. J., 1996, vol.17, pp. 354-381.



La Rovere M.T, Pinna G.D., Maestri R., Mortara A., Capomolla S., Febo O., Ferrari R., Franchini M., Gnemmi M., Opasich C., Riccardi P.G., Traversi E. & Cobelli F. Short-Term Heart Rate Variability Strongly Predicts Sudden Cardiac Death in Chronic Heart Failure Patients. Clinical Investigation and Reports. Circulation,2003,vol. 107, pp. 565-570.



Brunelli S., Traballesi M., Averna T., Porcacchia P., Polidori L. Di Carlo C., Di Giusto C., Marchetti M. Field tests for evaluating elite wheelchair basketball players. Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCCS, IWBF Europe, 2006, 200 p.



Jethon Z. Physical activity as a distress. Hygeia Public Health, 2013, vol. 48(2), pp. 156-161.



Sinnreich R., Kark J.D., Friedlander Y., Sapoznikov D., Luria M.H. Five minute recording of heart rate variability for population studies: repeatability and age-sex characteristics. Heart. 1998, vol. 80(2), pp. 156-162.



Cervantes Blásquez J. C., Rodas G., Capdevila Ortís L. Heart-rate variability and precompetitive anxiety in swimmers. Psicothema, 2009, vol. 21, (4), pp. 531-536.



Hottenrott K, Hoos O., Esperer H.D. Heart rate variability and physical exercise. Current status. Herz., 2006, Sep; vol. 31(6), pp. 544-52.



Lewis M.J., Short A.L. Exercise and cardiac regulation what can electrocardiographic time series tell us? Scand J Med. Sci Sports, 2010, vol. 20, pp. 794-804.



Farah B.Q., do Prado W.L., Tenório T.R., Ritti-Dias R.M. Heart rate variability and its relationship with central and general obesity in obese normotensive adolescents. Einstein, 2013, vol.11 (3), pp. 23-30.



Makivić B., Djordjević Nikić M., Willis M.S. Heart Rate Variability (HRV) as a Tool for Diagnostic and Monitoring Performance in Sport and Physical Activities. Journal of Exercise Physiologyonline, 2013, vol. 16 (3), pp.100-109.



Kiviniemi A.M., Hautala A.J., Kinnunen H., Tulpo M.P. Endurance training guided individually by daily heart rate variability measurements. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2007, http://orcid.org/10.1007/s00421-007-0552-2.



Hautala A.J., Mäkikallio T.H., Kiviniemi A., Laukkanen R.T., Nissilä S., Huikuri H.V., Tulppo M.P. Cardiovascular autonomic function correlates with the response to aerobic training in health sedentary subjects. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 2003, vol. 285(4), pp. 1747-1752.



Bernardi L., Valle a F., Coca a M., Calciati a A., Sleight P. Physical activity influences heart rate variability and very-low-frequency components in Holter electrocardiograms. Cardiovascular Research, 1996, vol. 32, pp. 234-237.



Buchheit M., Simon C., Piquard F., Ehrhart J., Brandenberger G. Effects of increased training load on vagal-related indexes of heart rate variability: a novel sleep approach. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 2004, vol. 287(6), pp. 2813-2818.



Hautula A., Tulppo M.P., Mäkikallio T.H., Laukkanen R., Nissilä S., Huikuri H.V. Changes in cardiac auto­nomic regulation after prolonged maximal exercise. Clin.Physiol.,2001, vol. 21(2), pp. 238-245.



Shin K., Minamitani H., Onishi S., Yamazaki H., Lee M. Autonomic differences between athletes and non­athletes: spectral analysis approach. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 1997, vol. 29(11), pp. 1482-1490.



Goldsmidt R.L., Bigger T., Steinman R.C., Fleiss J.L. Comparison of 24-hours parasympathetic activity in endurance and untrained young men. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol., 1992, vol. 20, pp. 552-558.



Cooke W.H., Reynolds B.V., Yandl M.G., Carter J.R., Tahvanainen K.U., Kuusela T.A. Effects of exer­cise training on cardiovagal and sympathetic responses to Valsalva’s maneuver. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 2002, vol. 34(6), pp. 928-935.



Iellamo F., Legramante J.M., Pigozzi F., C Spataro A., Norbiato G., Lucini D., Pagani M. Conversion from vagal to sympathetic predominance with sternuous training in hight-performance world class athletes. Circulation, 2002, vol. 105, pp. 2719-2724.



O’Sullivan S.E., Bell C. The effects of exercise and training on human cardiovascular reflex control. J. Auton. Nerv. Syst., 2000, vol. 81(1-3), pp. 16-24.



Kazuma N., Otsuka K., Wakamatsu K., Shirase E., Matsuoka I. Heart rate variability in normotensive healthy children with aging. Clin Exp Hypertens, 2002, vol. 24, pp. 83-89.



Stein P.K., Bosner M.S., Kleiger R.E., Conger B.M. Heart rate variability: A measure of cardiac autonomic tone. Am. Heart. J., 1994, vol. 127(5), pp. 1376-1381.



Taylor J.A., Carr D.L., Myers C.W., Eckberg D.L. Mechanism underlying very-low-frequency R-R interval oscillations in humans. Circulation, 1998 vol. 6, pp. 547-555.



Lund V., Laine J., Laitio T., Kentala E., Jalonem J., Scheinin H. Instantaneous beat to beat variability reflects vagal tone during hyperbaric hyperoxia. UHM, 2003, vol. 30 (1), pp. 120-126.



Backers F., Seps B., Ramaekers D, Verheyden B., Aubert A.E. Parasympathetic heart rate modulation during parabolic flights. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2003, vol. 90, pp. 83-91.



Berntson G.G., Bigger J.T., J.R., Eckberg D.L., Grossman P., Kaufman P.G., Malik M., Nagaraja H.N., Porges S.W., Saul J.P., Stone P.H., van der Molen M.W. Heart rate variability: Origins, methods, and interpretive caveats. Psychophysiology, 1997, vol. 34, pp. 623-648.



Mandigout S., Melin A., Fauchier L., N'Guyen L. D., Courteix D., Obert P. Physical training increases heart rate variability in healthy prepubertal children. Eur J Clin Invest, 2002, vol. 32, pp. 479-487.



Hynynen E., Iglesias X., Feriche B., Calderon C., Abalos X., Vazquez J., Barrero A., Rodríguez L., Levine B. D, , Rodríguez F. A. Heart rate variability in orthostatic test during different training periods in elite swimmers. INEFC Barcelona Sport Sciences Research Group. Poster prezent AT the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), San Francisco, California, USA, 2012, pp. 145-154.



Stanisz A. Practical course in statistics with STATISTICA PL using examples from medicine. Cracow: StatSoft Polska Press, 2001, 200 p.



Andrew M.E, Shengqiao L.I, Wacławski-Wende J. Adiposity, muscle, and physical activity: predictors of perturbations in heart rate variability. Am J Hum Biol, 2013, vol. 25, pp. 370-377.



Palil H.R., O’Keefe J.H. Cardiovascular damage resulting from chronic excessive endurance training. Mo Med., 2012, vol. 109, pp. 312-321.



Martinelli F.S., Chacon - Mikahil M.P.T., Martins L.E.B., Lima-Filho E.C., Golfetti R., Paschoal M.A., Gallo-Junior L. Heart rate variability In athletes and nonathletes at rest and during head-up tilt. Braz J Med. Biol Res, 2005, vol. 38(4), pp. 639-647.



Stein R.M.C., Rosito G.A., Zimerman L.I., Ribeiro J. Intrinsic sinus and atrioventricular node electrophysiologic adaptations in endurance athletes. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 2002, vol. 39, pp. 1033-1038.



Baggish A.L., Wood M.J. Athlete's Heart and Cardiovascular Care of the Athlete Scientific and Clinical Update. Circulation., 2011, vol. 123, pp. 2723-2735.



Zeppilli P, Fenici R, Sassara M, Pirrami MM., Caselli G. Wenckebach second-degree A-V block in top-ranking athletes: an old problem revisited. Am Heart J. 1980, vol. 100, pp. 281-294.



Barold S., Padeletti L. Mobitz type II second-degree atrioventricular block in athletes: true or false? Br J Sports Med., 2008, September 18.



Nowosielska-Swadźba D. Heart rate variability (HRV)with boysin the age of 10-16 years old dependenting on sport discipline [Zmienność rytmu zatokowego (HRV) u chłopców w wieku 10-16 lat w zależności od uprawianej dyscypliny sportu]. Doctor's Thesis, University of Physical Education Wroclaw, 2008, 120 p. (in Polish)



Mourot L., Bouhaddi M., Perrey S., Cappelle S., Henriet M.T., Wolf J.P., Rouillon J.D., Regnard J. Decrease in heart rate variability with overtraining: assessment by the Poincare plot analysis. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging, 2004, vol. 24 (1), pp. 10-18.



Podstawski R., Boraczyński M., Nowosielska-Swadźba D., Zwolińska D. Heart rate variability during pre-competition and competition periods in volleyball players. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 2014, vol. 6, pp. 19-26.



Karjalainen J, Kujala UM, Kaprio J, Sarna S, Viitasalo M: Lone atrial fibrillation in vigorously exercising middle aged men: case-control study. BMJ, 1998, vol. 316, pp. 1784-1785.



Rajab M., Jin H., Welzig Ch.M., Albano A., Aronovitz M., Zhang Y., Park H.J., Link M.S., Noujaim S.F., Galper J.B. Increased inducibility of ventricular tachycardia and decreased heart rate variability in a mouse model for type 1 diabetes: effect of pravastatin. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory PhysiologyPublished, 2013, vol.305, no.15, pp. 1807-1816. http://orcid.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00979.2012



Sacknoff D.M., Glein G.W., Stachenfeld N., Coplan N.L. Effect of athletic training on heart rate variability. AM HEART J, 1994, vol. 127, pp. 1275-1278.



Levy W.C., Cerqueira M.D., Harp G.D., Johannessen K.A., Abrass I.A., Schwartz R.S., Stratton J.R. Effect of Endurance Exercise Training on heart rate variability at rest In healthy young and older men. Am J Cardiol, 1998, vol. 82, pp. 1236-1241.



Carter J.B., Banister E.W., Blaber A.P. The effect of age and gender on heart rate variability after endurance training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2003, vol. 35(8), pp. 1333-1340.



Melanson E.L., Freedson P.S. The effect of endurance training on resting heart rate variability in sedentary adult males. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2001vol.85, no.5, pp. 442-449.



Plews D.J., Laursen P.B., Stanley J., Kilding A.E., Buchheit M. Training adaptation and heart rate variability in elite endurance athletes: opening the door to effective monitoring. Sports Med., 2013, vol.43(9), pp. 773-81.



Wierzbicka - Damska I. Anthropological measurements in control of trainng`s efects. Physiological`s test in assessment physical fitness [Pomiary antropologiczne w kontroli efektów treningu. [in]: Testy fizjologiczne w ocenie wydolności fizycznej]. PWN, Warsaw, 2010, pp 145-157. (in Polish)



Reilly J.J. Health consequences of obesity. Arch Dis Child., 2003, vol. 88, pp. 748-752.



Gołąba S., Chrzanowska M. Guidebook to anthropological exercises [Przewodnik do ćwiczeń z antropologii]. AWF Krakow, 2010, pp. 23. (in Polish)

Published
2015-03-28
How to Cite
1.
Nowosielska-Swadzba D, Zwolinska D, Jendrysek M, Podstawski R. Physical activity as a health factor modifying heart rate variability (HRV). Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2015;19(3):80-6. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.0312
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)