students, adapted, test, Ruffier


Purpose: to check up experimentally adapted test for assessment of heart workability of students with heath problems. Material: in the research girl students and boy students of 18-20 years age (n=487) participated. The procedure of test was as follows: during 45 seconds students fulfilled torso rising from lying on back position. During this procedure pulse was measured three times. Total time of test fulfillment was 2 minutes. For working out the scale for the received results’ interpretation we assessed new version of Ruffier’s test for validity. For this purpose 487 absolutely healthy tested students fulfilled, first, adapted test. Then, after complete recreation (in 20 minutes) they fulfilled commonly accepted test with squatting. Results: it was found that with the help of adapted test it is possible to objectively assess heart workability of students. Correlation analysis of the received results showed average correlation (r=0.73). Conclusions: application of adapted Ruffier’s test permits to assess heart workability of students with health problems.


Download data is not yet available.


<p>Balysheva NV. <i>Ukreplenie zdorov'ia studentok, imeiushchikh narusheniia serdechno-sosudistoj sistemy, sredstvami dozirovannoj ozdorovitel'noj khod'by i bega. Kand. Diss. </i>[Health improvement of girl students, who have cardio-vascular system problems, by means of dozed health related walks and run. Cand. Diss.], Sankt Petersburg; 2010. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Bogoeva MD. <i>Postroenie processa fizicheskogo vospitaniia studentov special'noj medicinskoj gruppy s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostiami serdechno-sosudistoj sistemy. Kand. Diss.</i> [Building of physical education process of special health group students with cardio vascular system’s limited potentials. Cand. Diss<i>.</i>]. Sankt Petersburg; 2011. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Bocharova VI. <i>Integraciia sredstv pilatesa i step-aerobiki dlia obespecheniia rabotosposobnosti studentov: dissertaciia. Kand. Diss</i>. [Integration of pilates and step-aerobic means for ensuring students’ workability: dissertation. Cand. Diss.], Sankt Petersburg; 2013. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Goginava SE. <i>Sochetanie sredstv aerobnoj i anaerobnoj napravlennosti na zaniatiiakh po fizicheskoj kul'ture v vuze. Kand. Diss</i>. [Combining of aerobic and anaerobic means at physical culture lessons in HEE. Cand. Diss.], Tambov; 2014. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Gorelov AA, Kondakov VL, Belikova ZhA. About necessity of use of Hatha Yoga exercises for correction of deformation of students’ spine of special medical groups with violations of posture. <i>Physical education of students, </i>2013; 17(2): 35-44. doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.156378</p>

<p>Gorelov AA, Kondakov VL, Usatov AN, Usatov VN. O roli dvigatel'noj aktivnosti studentov gumanitarnykh vuzov i sposobakh ee povysheniia [On role of humanitarian students’ motor activity and means of its intensification]. <i>Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta</i>, 2009;1(47):28-33. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Gorelov AA, Kondakov VL, Usatov AN. Tekhnologiia regulirovaniia dvigatel'noj aktivnosti studentov v processe povsednevnoj i obrazovatel'noj deiatel'nosti [Technology of students’ motor functioning regulation in everyday and educational activity]. <i>Vestnik sportivnoj nauki, </i>2010;5:47-49. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Grachev AS. <i>Tekhnologiia uluchsheniia funkcionirovaniia zritel'nogo analizatora slabovidiashchikh studentov sredstvami sportivnykh i podvizhnykh igr. Kand. Diss</i>. [Technology of visual analyzer functioning improvement for students with eyesight problems by means of sport and outdoors games. Cand. Diss.], Sankt Petersburg; 2013. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Drogomeretsky VV. <i>Korrekciia narushenij sustavno-sviazochnogo apparata studentov special'nykh medicinskikh grupp sredstvami ozdorovitel'nogo plavaniia. Kand. Diss</i>. [Correction of special health group students’ ligament-joint apparatus disorders by means of health related swimming. Cand. Diss.], Sankt Petersburg; 2012. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Drogomeretsky VV, Kondakov VL, Gorelov AA. Application of improving swimming to the correction of joint and ligament students. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2013; 17(5): 46-54. doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.771046</p>

<p>Drogomeretsky VV, Kondakov VL, Gorelov AA. <i>Korrekciia sustavno-sviazochnogo apparata sredstvami plavaniia </i>[Correction of ligament-joint apparatus by swimming], LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2016. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Drogomeretsky VV, Kondakov VL. Ocenka sostoianiia sustavno-sviazochnogo apparata studentov [Assessment of students’ ligament-joint apparatus condition]. <i>Ekonomicheskie i gumanitarnye issledovaniia regionov</i>, 2011;6:45-51. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Kondakov VL, Kopeikina EN, Balysheva NV, Usatov AN, Skrug DA. Causes of declining interest of students to employment physical education and sports. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2015; 19(1): 17-21. doi:10.15561/20755279.2015.0103</p>

<p>Kondakov VL, Belikova ZhA, Rumba OG. <i>Korrekciia narushenij osanki sredstvami khatkha-jogi</i> [Correction of posture disorders by Hatha Yoga means], LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2016. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Kondakov VL. <i>Sistemnye mekhanizmy konstruirovaniia fizkul'turno-ozdorovitel'nykh tekhnologij v obrazovatel'nom prostranstve sovremennogo vuza. Dokt. Diss</i>. [Systemic mechanisms of health related physical culture technologies building in educational space of modern HEE. Doct. Diss.], Sankt Petersburg; 2013. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Kopejkina EN. <i>Postroenie processa fizicheskogo vospitaniia studentok s narusheniiami v sostoianii dykhatel'noj sistemy. Kand. Diss.</i> [Building of physical education process for girl students with respiratory system disorders. Cand. Diss.], Belgorod; 2010. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Kopeikina EN, Drogomeretsky VV, Kondakov VL, Kovaleva MV, Iermakov SS. Modification of Harvard step-test for assessment of students’ with health problems functional potentials. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2016; 20(4): 44-50. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0405 </p>

<p>Kopejkina EN, Drogomeretsky VV. Adaptirovannye testy dlia ocenki sostoianiia serdechno-sosudistoj sistemy studentov special'nogo uchebnogo otdeleniia [Adapted tests for cardio vascular system assessment of special department students]. <i>Ekonomicheskie i gumanitarnye issledovaniia regionov, </i>2012; 6:26-28. (in Russian)</p>

<p> Kopejkina EN, Bogoeva MD. Dykhatel'nye uprazhneniia kak sredstvo povysheniia somaticheskogo zdorov'ia studentov [Breathing exercises as mean of students’ somatic health improvement]. <i>Ekonomicheskie i gumanitarnye issledovaniia regionov, </i> 2011;6:17-23. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Rumba OG. <i>Sistemnye mekhanizmy regulirovaniia dvigatel'noj aktivnosti studentov special'nykh medicinskikh grupp</i> [Systemic mechanisms of special health group students’ motor functioning regulation], Belgorod: LitKaraVan; 2011. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Tret'iakov AA. <i>Tekhnologiia povysheniia ustojchivosti studentov k nervno-emocional'nomu napriazheniiu v processe obrazovatel'noj deiatel'nosti s ispol'zovaniem sredstv fizicheskoj kul'tury. Kand. Diss</i>. [Technology of students’ resistance to nervous-emotional tension strengthening in educational process with the help of physical culture means.. Cand. Diss.], Belgorod; 2011. (in Russian)</p>

<p>Adyrkhaev SG. Modern technology of physical education of disabled students in conditions of inclusive education. <em>Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports</em>, 2016; 20(1): 4-12. doi:10.15561/18189172.2016.0101</p>

<p>Alkatan M, Baker JR, Machin DR, Park W, Akkari AS, Pasha EP, Tanaka H. Improved function and reduced pain after swimming and cycling training in patients with osteoarthritis. <i>Journal of Rheumatology</i>, 2016;43(3):666-672.</p>

<p>Banerjee M, Mondal S, Sarkar R, Mondal H, Bhattacharya K. Comparative study of efficacy and safety of tapentadol versus etoricoxib in mild to moderate grades of chronic osteorthritis of knee. <i>Indian Journal of Rheumatology</i>, 2016;11(1,1):21-25.</p>

<p>Bierer SB, Prayson RA, Dannefer EF. Association of research self-efficacy with medical student career interests, specialization, and scholarship: a case study<i>. Advances in Health Sciences Education</i>, 2015;20(2):339-54.</p>

<p>Bliznevsky AA, Kudryavtsev MD, Iermakov SS, Jagiello W. Formation of active-effective attitude of 12-13 years' judo athletes to sports functioning in competition period. <i>Archives of Budo.</i> 2016;12:101-15.</p>

<p>Brody LT. Knee osteoarthritis: Clinical connections to articular cartilage structure and function. <i>Physical Therapy in Sport.</i> 2015;16(4):301-16.</p>

<p>Byrd-Bredbenner C, Quick V, Koenings M, Martin-Biggers J, Kattelmann KK. Relationships of cognitive load on eating and weight-related behaviors of young adults. <i>Eating Behaviors</i>. 2016;21:89-94.</p>

<p>Chen B, Mok D, Lee WCC, Lam WK. High-intensity stepwise conditioning programme for improved exercise responses and agility performance of a badminton player with knee pain. Physical <i>Therapy in Sport.</i> 2015;16(1):80-5.</p>

<p>Chen Y-Y, Shen H-X, Fu B-S. Rehabilitative exercise prescription for osteoarthritic patients at different stages after needle knife therapy. <i>Zhongguo Zuzhi Gongcheng yu Linchuang Kangfu</i> [Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research], 2008;12(24):4773-4776.</p>

<p>Cho Y, Kim M, Lee W. Effect of proprioceptive training on foot posture, lower limb alignment, and knee adduction moment in patients with degenerative knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. <i>Journal of Physical Therapy Science</i>. 2015;27(2):371-4.</p>

<p>de Rooij M, van der Leeden M, Heymans MW, Holla JFM, Häkkinen A, Lems WF, et al. Prognosis of Pain and Physical Functioning in Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: Knee OA Pain and Functioning Prognosis<i>. Arthritis Care &amp; Research</i>. 2016;68(4):481–92.</p>

<p>De Souza Campos Fernandes R, Nogueira MP. Effects of prescribed physical activity in patients with advanced osteoarthritis of the knee. <i>Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte</i>, 2016;22(4):302-305.</p>

<p>Esculier JF, Bouyer LJ, Roy JS. The Effects of a Multimodal Rehabilitation Program on Symptoms and Ground-Reaction Forces in Runners With Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. <i>Journal of Sport Rehabilitation</i>. 2016;25(1):23-30.</p>

<p>Fukutani N, Iijima H, Aoyama T, Yamamoto Y, Hiraoka M, Miyanobu K, et al. Knee pain during activities of daily living and its relationship with physical activity in patients with early and severe knee osteoarthritis. <i>Clinical Rheumatology. </i>2016;35(9):2307–16.</p>

<p>Gaskov AV, Kuzmin VA, Kudryavtsev DM, Iermakov SS. Successfulness of general and special physical qualities' development on different stage of students-boxers' training. <i>Physical Education of Students</i>, 2016;20(1):4–11.</p>

<p>Goodwin D, Howe PD. Framing Cross-Cultural Ethical Practice in Adaptive Physical Activity. <i>Quest.</i> 2016;68(1):43-54.</p>

<p>Gorelov AA, Kondakov VL, Usatov AN. To the question about the use of independent physical training in educational space of modern higher institute. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2013; 17(1): 17-26. doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.156351</p>

<p>Hayes MJ, Osmotherly PG, Taylor JA, Smith DR, Ho A. The effect of loupes on neck pain and disability among dental hygienists. <i>Work-a Journal of Prevention Assessment &amp; Rehabilitation</i>. 2016;53(4):755-62.</p>

<p>Iermakov SS, Arziutov GN, Jagiello W. Quick training of students to judo techniques. <i>Archives of Budo,</i> 2016;12:15–24.</p>

<p>Iermakov SS, Podrigalo LV, Jagiello W. Hand-grip strength as an indicator for predicting the success in martial arts athletes. <i>Archives of Budo,</i> 2016;12:179–86.</p>

<p>Ilchenko S.S. Motor and sport components in hierarchy of non physical culture profile pedagogic specialties students leisure. <em>Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports</em>, 2016;5:33-37. doi:10.15561/18189172.2016.0505</p>

<p>Ilyin VN, Alwani AR. Ubiquity and formation of chronic fatigue in qualified sportsmen. <em>Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports</em>, 2016; 20(3): 11-17. doi:10.15561/18189172.2016.0302</p>

<p>Kondakov VL, Voloshina LN, Balysheva NV, Kopeikina EN, Skrug DA. Correction of the state of cardiovascular system of undergraduates by means of dosed constitutional walking and jogging. <i>Research Journal of Medical Sciences</i>, 2015;9 (3):95-98. </p>

<p>Kotelevskiy VI. Integrative technology of massage manipulations in physical rehabilitation of students with backbone pathology. <em>Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports</em>, 2016; 20(3): 31-40. doi:10.15561/18189172.2016.0305</p>

<p>Kozina ZL, Iermakov SS, Kadutskaya LA, Sobyanin FI, Krzeminski M, Sobko I N, Ryepko OA. Comparative characteristic of correlation between pulse subjective indicators of girl students’ and school girls’ reaction to physical load. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2016; 20(4): 24-34. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0403</p>

<p>Kretschmann Rolf. Comparison of 9th grade students’ physical activity levels during recess and regular class periods using objective measurement. <em>Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports</em>, 2016; 20(4): 59-63. doi:10.15561/18189172.2016.0409</p>

<p>Kudryavtsev MD, Kopylov YuA, Kuzmin VA, Ionova OM, Yermakova TS. Personality oriented system of strengthening of students’ physical, psychic and social-moral health. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2016; 20(3): 43-52. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0308</p>

<p>Kudryavtsev MD, Kramida IE, Iermakov SS, Osipov AYu. Development dynamic of healthy life style personality component in relatively healthy students. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2016; 20(6): 26-33. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0603</p>

<p>Kudryavtsev MD, Kramida IE, Iermakov SS. Influence of studying in higher educational establishment on students’ harmful computer habits. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2016; 20(5): 17-23. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0503</p>

<p>Kudryavtsev MD, Kramida IE, Kuzmin VA, Iermakov SS, Cieslicka Miroslawa, Stankiewicz Blazej. Influence of study in hee on ubiquity and strength of students’ computer gambling. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2016; 20(3): 13-22. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0302</p>

<p>LeBlanc VR, McConnell MM, Monteiro SD. Predictable chaos: a review of the effects of emotions on attention, memory and decision making. <i>Advances in Health Sciences Education</i>. 2015;20(1):265-82.</p>

<p>Lene Krenk, Gertrud Laura Sørensen, Henrik Kehlet, Poul Jennum Heart rate response during sleep in elderly patients after fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty. <i>Sleep and Biological Rhythms,</i> 2015;13(3):229–234.</p>

<p>Leo J, Goodwin D. Simulating Others' Realities: Insiders Reflect on Disability Simulations. <i>Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly</i>. 2016;33(2):156-75.</p>

<p>Liu S-H, Driban JB, Eaton CB, McAlindon TE, Harrold LR, Lapane KL. Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Symptoms Change in Knee Osteoarthritis. <i>The American Journal of Medicine</i>. 2016;129(5):497–505.</p>

<p>Longpre HS, Acker SM, Maly MR. Muscle activation and knee biomechanics during squatting and lunging after lower extremity fatigue in healthy young women. <i>Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology</i>. 2015;25(1):40-6.</p>

<p>Lochbaum MR, Jean-Noel J, Cetinkalp ZK, Vallejo-Reyes FA, Mena-Campbell J. 2 x 2 Achievement goals profiles in chilean competitive and recreational athletes: a first look. <i>Pedagogics Psychology Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports.</i> 2016;20(1):41-6. doi:10.15561/18189172.2016.0106</p>

<p>McNeill O., Pile K. My knees can tell the weather: Effective management of osteoarthriti. <i>Medicine Today</i>, 2011;12(1): 28-39.</p>

<p>Moraros J, Islam A, Yu S, Banow R, Schindelka B. Flipping for success: evaluating the effectiveness of a novel teaching approach in a graduate level setting. <i>Bmc Medical Education</i>. 2015;15.</p>

<p>O'Dwyer T,O'Shea F, Wilson F. Decreased health-related physical fitness in adults with ankylosing spondylitis: A cross-sectional controlled study. <i>Physiotherapy (United Kingdom)</i>,2016; 102(2): 202-209.</p>

<p>Osipov AYu, Kudryavtsev MD, Kramida IE, Iermakov SS, Kuzmin VA, Sidorov LK. Modern methodic of power cardio training in students’ physical education. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2016; 20(6): 34-39. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0604</p>

<p>Paz AL, Doniz LG, Garcia SO, Canosa JLS, Couto CM. Respiratory Muscle Strength in Chronic Stroke Survivors and Its Relation With the 6-Minute Walk Test. <i>Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.</i> 2016;97(2):266-72.</p>

<p>Podrigalo LV, Iermakov SS, Alekseev AF, Rovnaya OA. Studying of interconnectios of morphological functional indicators of students, who practice martial arts. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2016; 20(1): 64-70. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0109</p>

<p>Queen RM, Sparling TL, Schmitt D. Hip, Knee, and Ankle Osteoarthritis Negatively Affects Mechanical Energy Exchange. <i>Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research</i>. 2016;474(9):2055–63.</p>

<p>Ross JA, Shipp EM, Trueblood AB, Bhattacharya A. Ergonomics and Beyond: Understanding How Chemical and Heat Exposures and Physical Exertions at Work Affect Functional Ability, Injury, and Long-Term Health. <i>Human Factors</i>. 2016;58(5):777-95.</p>

<p>Senter C, Appelle N, Behera SK. Prescribing exercise for women. <i>Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine.</i> 2013;6(2):164–72.</p>

<p>Arezes P, Baptista J, Barroso M, Carneiro P, Cordeiro P, Costa N, et al., editors. Occupational Safety and Hygiene IV [Internet]. CRC Press; 2016 [cited 2017 Jan 14]. Available from:</p>

<p>Skurikhina NV, Kudryavtsev MD, Kuzmin VA, Iermakov S S. Fitness yoga as modern technology of special health groups’ girl students’ psycho-physical condition and psycho-social health strengthening. <em>Physical education of students</em>, 2016; 20(2): 24-31. doi:10.15561/20755279.2016.0204</p>

<p>Smith BE, Hendrick P, Logan P. Patellofemoral pain: Challenging current practice - A case report. <i>Manual Therapy</i>. 2016;22:216-9.</p>

<p>Straker JS, Vannatta CN, Waldron K. Treatment Strategies for the Master Athlete With Known Arthritis of the Hip and Knee. <i>Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation</i>. 2016;32(1):39-54.</p>

<p>Su J, Zhang S, Yang L, Li XH, Inc DEP. Research on the Effect of Physical Fitness Evaluation Model for Physical Exercise Evaluation. 2016. <i>2nd International Conference on Modern Education and Social Science (Mess 2016).</i> 2016:797-801.</p>

<p><i>WMA Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects</i> [Online] Available from: [Accessed 15th April 2016].</p>




How to Cite

Drogomeretsky V, Kopeikina E, Kondakov V, Iermakov S. ADAPTATION OF RUFFIER’S TEST FOR ASSESSMENT OF HEART WORKABILITY OF STUDENTS WITH HEALTH PROBLEMS. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2017;21(1):4-10.

Abstract views: 693 / PDF downloads: 462

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>