Comparative analysis of the functional characteristics and motor qualities of students of different generations and body types

Keywords: physical education, students, physical condition, somatotyping, component body type

Abstract

Purpose : the comparative analysis of screening studies of physical fitness and functional condition of young men with different body types (the territory of Baikal region, Russia; the interval of the study is 10 years). Material : First-year students (age 17-18 years; n = 1003; in 2008 - n = 523; in 2017 - n = 480) of Irkutsk National Research Technical University (Pribaikalye, Russia) participated into the research. All students are classified for health reasons to the main medical group (no deviations in health status). All students attended classes in the discipline "Physical Education". It was done the comparative analysis of motor skills; physiometric indicators; the content of muscle, fat and bone mass. Results : It was revealed the significant differences (p <0,05) in the values of the motor test indicators. It was determined “leading” and “lagging” motor qualities of young men with different body types. It was defined decrease of indicators’ values in motor tests in young men in 2017, in comparison with the results of the survey in 2008. The decrease in the values of motor test indicators is more frequently revealed in young men of hypersthenic group (examined in 2017), in comparison with normosthenics and asthenics. There is a deterioration in the majority of the functional characteristics of young men bodies (in 2017) in comparison with 2008 data. Conclusions : University professors (of the discipline - “Physical Education”) should form a predictive database of screening observations on the development of morphofunctional and motor qualities of students with different body types. This will allow to correct the educational process on the physical education of students applying the integrative pedagogical methods and teaching methods.

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Author Biographies

M.M. Kolokoltsev, Irkutsk National Research Technical University
mihm49@mail.ru; ul. Lermontov 83, Irkutsk, 664074, Russia
S.S. Iermakov, Department of Tourism and Recreation, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
sportart@gmail.com; Kazimierza Górskiego 1, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland
M. Jagiello, Department of Theory of Sport and Human Motority, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
wjagiello1@wp.pl; Kazimierza Górskiego 1, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland

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Abstract views: 157
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Published
2018-12-20
How to Cite
Kolokoltsev, M., Iermakov, S., & Jagiello, M. (2018). Comparative analysis of the functional characteristics and motor qualities of students of different generations and body types. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 22(6), 287-295. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0602
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Articles