Power abilities: the structure of development in girls of 12-14 years old

Keywords: girls, strength training, factor analysis, structure of force readiness

Abstract

The aim of the study. To determine the structure of the development of power abilities in girls aged 12-14 years. Materials and methods. Girls aged 12 years (n = 20) participated in the study; 13 years (n = 27), 14 years old (n = 30). Factorial analysis performed. Results. It is determined that the most informative in girls of 12-14 years old are the following tests: which characterize the development of dynamic and static strength of muscles of the feet and hands (girls of 12 years old); which characterize the development of static, high-speed strength of leg muscles, static and dynamic strength of the muscles of the abdomen and hands (girls of 13 years old); which characterize the development of the static and dynamic strength of leg muscles, the dynamic strength of the muscle of the hands (girls of 14 years old). Conclusions. Factor analysis allowed to determine informative indicators for controlling the development of power abilities in girls of 12-14 years old. The greatest weight in power preparedness has the relative and static strength of the leg muscles. In the second place, girls of 12-13 years old have the development of muscle strength shoulder girdle. 14 years old girls in second place, have the development of dynamic and static strength of the abdominal muscles and the dynamic strength of muscles of the shoulder girdle. Girls of 12 years old in third place have the development of coordination of movements, the static strength of the shoulder girdle and the dynamic strength of the back muscles. Girls of 13 years in the third place have development of the development of muscle strength of the abdomen. Girls of 14 years in third place have development of high-speed force and coordination of movements.

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Author Biographies

O.V. Ivashchenko, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
Alchevskyh str. 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
O.M. Khudolii, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
Corresponding author; tmfv@tmfv.com.ua; Alchevskyh str. 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
T.S. Yermakova, Kharkiv State Design and Art Academy
8, Arts st., Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
V.Yu. Veremeenko, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
Alchevskyh str. 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine

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Published
2018-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Ivashchenko O, Khudolii O, Yermakova T, Veremeenko V. Power abilities: the structure of development in girls of 12-14 years old. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2018;22(4):195-02. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0405
Section
Articles

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