Investigation of relationship between attitude to physical education course and school belonging

Keywords: Attitude, belonging, physical education, school

Abstract

Aim : The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between students' attitudes towards physical education course and belonging to school. Material and Methods: Research group comprised of 589 (51.5%) males and 555 (48.5%) female students in secondary schools of Malatya province. 250 (21.9%) of the students were 5th grade, 219 (19.1%) were 6th grade, 387 (33.8%) were 7th grade and 288 (25%) 2) 8th grade students. School Belonging Scale and Attitude scale to Physical Education course were used as a quantitative data collection tool. Pearson correlation test, simple and multiple regression analyses were used to statistical analysis. Significance level was accepted as p<.05. Results: It was found that there were significant positive correlations in the all sub-domains of attitude and school belonging dimensions to physical education course (p < .05). Regression analyses revealed that the attitudes of students to physical education course predicted school belonging by 11% and students' attitudes towards physical education course predicted school belonging by 10% (p < . 05). Conclusion: As a result, students' attitudes towards physical education course increase, their belonging to school increases. In order to increase students' attitudes towards physical education course, it is possible to plan the content and structure of the course in a more fun way.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 458 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

S. Uğraş, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
sinanugras@comu.edu.tr; Çanakkale, Turkey
G. Özen, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
gokmenozen44@gmail.com; Çanakkale, Turkey

References

1. Holt-Lundstadt J, Smith TB, Layton, JB. Social Relationships and Mortality Risk: A Meta-analytic Review. PLoS Med, 2007;7(7): e1000316.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000316

2. O'Brien KA, Bowles TV. The importance of belonging for adolescents in secondary school settings. The European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences, 2013;5(2):985-976.
https://doi.org/10.15405/ejsbs.72

3. Willms JD. Monitoring school performance for ‘standards-based reform’. Evaluation & Research in Education, 2000;14, 237–253.
https://doi.org/10.1080/09500790008666976

4. Goodenow C. The psychological sense of school membership among adolescents: Scale development and educational correlates. Psychology in the Schools, 1993;30(1):79-90.
https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6807(199301)30:1<79::AID-PITS2310300113>3.0.CO;2-X

5. Hurtado S, Carter DF. Effects of college transition and perceptions of the campus racial climate on Latino college students' sense of belonging. Sociology of Education, 1997;70(4):324-345.
https://doi.org/10.2307/2673270

6. Libbey HP. School connectedness: Influence above and beyond family connectedness (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database (UMI No. 3287822). 2007.

7. Loukas A, Roalson LA, Herrera DE. School connectedness buffers the effects of negative family relations and poor effortful control on early adolescent conduct problems. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2010;20(1):13–22.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2009.00632.x

8. Slaten CD, Ferguson JK., Allen KA, Brodrick DV, Waters L. School belonging: A review of the history, current trends, and future directions. The Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 2016;33(1):1-15.
https://doi.org/10.1017/edp.2016.6

9. Osterman FK. Students' need for belonging in the school community. Review of Educational Research. 2000; 70(3);323-367.
https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543070003323

10. Anderson A, Hamilton RJ, Hattie J. Class room climate and motivated behaviour in secondary schools. Learning Environments Research. 2004;7(3):211–225.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-004-3292-9

11. Waters S, Cross D, Shaw T. Does the nature of schools matter? An exploration of selected school ecology factors onadolescent perceptions of school connectedness. British Journal of Educational Psychology. 2010;80(Pt3):381–402.
https://doi.org/10.1348/000709909X484479

12. Perdue NH, Manzeske DP, Estell, DP. Early predictors of school engagement: Exploring the role of peer relationships. Psychology in the Schools, 2009:46(10);1084- 1097.
https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.20446

13. Özgök, A., & Sarı, M. (2016). Ortaokul öğrencilerin okula aidiyet duygusu ve arkadaş bağlılık düzeyi. [Investigation of the sense of school belongong and peer attachment among secondary school students]. Çukurova Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2016;25(3):71-86 (in Turkish)

14. Özdemir S, Sezgin F, Şirin H, Karip E, Erkan S. (2010). İlköğretim okulu öğrencilerinin okul iklimine ilişkin algılarını yordayan değişkenlerin incelenmesi. [Examining the variables predicting primary school students’ perceptions of school climate]. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2010;38;213-224 (in Turkish)

15. Garcia-Reid P. Examining social capital as amechanism for improving school engagement among low income hispanic girls. Youth & Society. 2007;39(2):164–181.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X07303263

16. Skinner E, Furrer C, Marchand G, Kindermann T. Engagement and disaffection in the classroom: Part of a larger motivational dynamic?. Journal of Educational Psychology. 2008;100(4): 765-781.
https://doi.org/10.1037/ a0012840

17. Anderman EM. School effects on psychological outcomes during adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology. 2002; 94(4);795–809.
https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-0663.94.4.795

18. Arslan G. Relationship between sense of rejection, academic achievement, academic efficacy, and educational purpose in high school students. Egitim ve Bilim, 2016;41(183);293-304.
https://doi.org/10.15390/EB.2016.5562

19. Booker CK. exploring school belonging and academic achievement in African American adolescent. Curriculum and Teaching Dialogue. 2004;6(2):131-143.

20. Pittman L, Richmond A. Academic and psychological functioning in late adolescence: The importance of school belonging. The Journal of Experimental Education. 2007;75(4):270-290.
https://doi.org/10.3200/JEXE.75.4.270-292.

21. PISA. Results Students’ Well-Being, [Internet]. 2015. [updated 2017 April 19; cited 2019 Oct 15]. Available from:
https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264273856-en

22. Morgan PJ, Saunders KL, Lubans DR. Improving physical self‐perception in adolescent boys from disadvantaged schools: psychological outcomes from the physical activity Leaders randomized controlled trial. Pediatric obesity, 2012 7(3), 27-32.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00050.x

23. Aybek A, İmamoğlu O, Taşmektepligil MY. An assessment of the attitudes of students towards physical education lesson and extracurricular activities. Journal of Sports and Performance Researches. 2011;2(2):51-59.

24. Haapala HL, Hirvensalo MH, Laine K, Laakso L, Hakonen H, Kankaanpää A, Taru L, Tammelin TH. Recess physical activity and school-related social factors in Finnish primary and lower secondary schools: Cross-sectional associations. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:Article 1114.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1114

25. Hairul H, Grove JR, Whipp P. Validating the youth sport enjoyment construct in high school physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 2008;79(2):183-194.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2008.10599482

26. Smith MA, St. Pierre PE. Secondary students’ perceptions of enjoyment in physical education: An American and English perspective. The Physical Educator. 2009; 66(4):209-221.

27. Erhan SE, Tamer K. The relation between facilities and equipment for the course of physical education and sports and students’ attitudes towards the course primary and secondary schools in Eastern Anatolia. Atatürk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi. 2017:11(3);57- 66.

28. Tannehill D, Zekrajsek D. Student attitudes toward physical education: A multicultural study. Journal of Teaching Physical Education. 1993;13(1);78-84.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.13.1.78

29. Namlı A, Temel C, Güllü M. Metaphors produced by secondary school students related to physical education lesson. Kastamonu Education Journal. 2017;25(2):479-496.

30. Hünük D, Demirhan G. Comparison of primary school, secondary school and university students' attitude toward physical education and sports. Hacettepe J. of Sport Sciences. 2003;14(4);175-184.

31. Kannan B. Attitude of higher secondary students towards physical education. International Journal of Teacher Educational Research. 2015;4(1):19-25.

32. Subramanıam PR, Silverman S. Middle School students’ attitudes toward physical education. teaching and teacher education. 2007;2 (5):602-611.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2007.02.003

33. Gürbüz A, Özkan H. Determining the attitude of secondary school students toward physical education of sport lesson (Muğla sample). Pamukkale Journal of Sport Science. 2012;3(2);78-89.

34. Arıkan G. Examination of Sense of School Belonging in the Students at Sports and Anatolia High Schools: Southeastern Anatolia Region Sample. 5th International Conference on Science Culture and Sport, Türkistan: Kazakistan; 2016. P. 13-15.

35. Yanık, M. (2018).The effects of on the high school students engagement level of sport events spormetre Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 16(1), 73-78.
https://doi.org/10.1501/Sporm_0000000344

36. Barber BL, Eccles JS, Stone MR. Whatever happened to the jock, the brain, and the princess? Young adult pathways linked to adolescent activity involvement and social identity. Journal of Adolescent Research. 2001;16(5):429-455.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558401165002

37. IvaniushinaVA, Aleksandrov DA. Socialization through informal education: The extracurricular activities of Russian school children. Russian Education & Society. 2015;57(4):189-213.
https://doi.org/10.1080/10609393.2015.1068553

38. Yılmaz A. Investigation of high school students' attitudes towards extracurricular sport activities and their attachment to school. Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019;4(1):50-63.
https://doi.org/10.31680/gaunjss.518094

39. Fraenkel JR, Wallen NE, Hyun HH. How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2012.

40. Sarı M. Adaptation of the Psychological Sense of School Membership Scale to Turkish. Global Journal of Human-Social Science: G Linguistics & Education. 2015;15(7):15-21.

41. Kalemoğlu VY, Ünlü H, Erbaş MK., Sünbül AM. Turkish adaptation of the elementary physical education attitude scale. Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences. 2016;27(1):16-26.

42. Phillips SR, Silverman S. Development of an instrument to assess fourth and fifth grade students’ attitudes toward physical education. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 2012:16(4);316-327.

43. Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon; 2007.

44. Yılmaz A, Güven Ö. Parents attitude scales toward extracurricular sport activities. Niğde University Journal of Physical Education And Sport Sciences. 2015;9(2):244-258.

45. Fredricks JA, Eccles JS. Extracurricular involvement and adolescent adjustment: Impact of duration, number of activities, and breadth of participation. Applied Developmental Science. 2006;10:132–146.
https://doi.org/10.1207/s1532480xads1003_3

46. Isakson K, Jarvis P. The adjustment of adolescents during the transition into high school: A short term longitudinal study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 1999; 28(1):1-26.
https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1021616407189

47. Avşar Z. Beden eğitimi ve spor öğretmenlerinin sosyal beceri düzeylerinin belirlenmesi. [Determing physical education and sport teachers’ social skills who works in state and private schools in Bursa]. Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2014;17(2):111-130. (in Turkish)

48. Brewster AB, Bowen GL. Teacher support and the school engagement of Latino middle and high school students at risk of school failure. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal. 2004; 21(1):47-67.
https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CASW.0000012348.83939.6b

49. Arastaman G. Students’, teachers’ and administrators’ opinions about freshman high school students’ engagement. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2009;26(26):102-112.
Published
2020-02-28
How to Cite
1.
Uğraş S, Özen G. Investigation of relationship between attitude to physical education course and school belonging. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2020;24(1):48-3. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2020.0108
Section
Articles