The effect of blood flow restriction and plyometric training methods on dynamic balance of Taekwondo athletes

Keywords: blood flow restriction, plyometric training, dynamic balance, taekwondo

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. Taekwondo (TKD) is a combat sport emphasizing on kicking techniques and dynamic footwork. Specialized balance ability is crucial for Taekwondo practitioners. Nowadays balance could be improved with specific strength training such as blood flow restriction and plyometric training. Thus, the aim of this study was to understand the effect of blood flow restriction (BFR) and pliometric training methods on the development of dynamic balance at the martial art of Taekwondo. Material and Methods. Totally 31 TKD athletes between 15-19 ages participated voluntarily and were divided into three groups as blood flow restriction (n=11), plyometric training (n=10) and control groups (n=10). In addition to normal taekwondo training, 8 week training programs were applied to the pliometric and blood flow restriction groups, and no training program was applied to the control group. At the beginning and after the trainings, dynamic balance ability measured with Prokin Tecnobody equipment for 30 seconds slalom test.  Results. The difference between pre-test and post-test values of BFR group’s dynamic balance (antero-posterior sway) was found to be statistically different (p<.05) while according to the pliometric training results, there was no statistically significant difference (p>.05). Also, there was not any difference in terms of gender (p>.05). Conclusions. Strength development is neccessary for dynamic balance improvement in athletes. Since taekwondo athletes use strength and balance ability for rapid kicking and change direction, these motor abilities are important for success. Based on the findings of this study; it is recommended that BFR method may be useful and so it can be included in training programs.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 1145 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

Manolya Akin, Mersin University
manolya66@gmail.com; Assoc. Prof.; Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sports; Mersin, Turkey.
İnci Kesilmiş, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University
 incikesilmis@osmaniye.edu.tr; Assist. Prof.; School of Physical Education and Sports; Osmaniye, Turkey.

References

1. Lystad RP, Pollard H, Graham PL. Epidemiology of injuries in competition taekwondo: A meta-analysis of observational studies. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2009; 12(6): 614-621.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2008.09.013

2. Taekwondo PW. In: Kordi R, Maffulli N, Wroble RR, editors. Combat sports medicine. [chapter 15] London: Springer Science; 2009.

3. Leong HT, Fu SN, Ng GY, Tsang WW. Low-level Taekwondo practitioners have better somatosensory organisation in standing balance than sedentary people. European journal of applied physiology. 2011; 111(8): 1787-1793.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1798-7

4. Fong SS, Fu SN, Ng GY. Taekwondo training speeds up the development of balance and sensory functions in young adolescents. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2012; 15(1): 64-68.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.06.001

5. Bompa TO. Sporda çabuk kuvvet antrenmanı. Translation: Eda Tüzemen, Ankara: Bağırgan Yayımevi; 2001. (In Turkish)

6. Foran B. High Performance Sports Conditioning. Human Kinetics; 2001.

7. Matavulj D, Kukolj M, Ugarkovic D, Tihanyi J, Jaric S. Effects of plyometric training on jumping performance in junior basketball players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2001; 2: 41-45.

8. Reyment CM, Bonis ME, Lundquist JC, Tice BS. Effects of a four week plyometric training program on measurements of power in male collegiate hockey players. J. Undergrad. Kin. Res. 2006; 1(2): 44-62.

9. Atacan B. Effect of an 8-week specially arranged plyometric training on the power and agility of young male soccer players. Kırıkkale University, Health Sciences Institute, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Master Thesis, Kırıkkale; 2010.

10. Takarada Y, Nakamura Y, Aruga S, Onda T, Miyazaki S, Ishii N. Rapid increase in plasma growth hormone after low-intensity resistance exercise with vascular occlusion. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2000 [cited 2000; 88(1): 61-65.
https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.2000.88.1.61

11. Fujita T, Brechue WF, Kurita K, Sato Y, Abe T. Increased muscle volume and strength following six days of low-intensity resistance training with restricted muscle blood flow. Int J KAATSU Train Res. 2008; 4: 1–8.
https://doi.org/10.3806/ijktr.4.1

12. Sato Y. The history and future of KAATSU training. International Journal of KAATSU Training Research, 2005; 1(1): 1-5.
https://doi.org/10.3806/ijktr.1.1

13. Abe T, Kearns CF, Sato Y. Muscle size and strength are increased following walk training with restricted venous blood flow from the leg muscle, KAATSU-walk training. J Appl Physiol, 2006; 100: 1460-1466.
https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01267.2005

14. Luebbers PE, Witte EV, Oshel JQ, Butler MS. Effects of practical blood flow restriction training on adolescent lower-body strength. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2019; 33(10): 2674-2683.
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002302

15. Nakajima T, Takano H, Kurano M, Iida H, Kubota N, Yasuda T. et al. Effects of KAATSU training on haemostasis in healthy subjects. International Journal of KAATSU Training Research, 2007; 3(1): 11-20.
https://doi.org/10.3806/ijktr.3.11

16. Takano T, Ohe Y, Sakamoto H, Tsuta K, Matsuno Y, Tateishi U. et al. Epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutations and increased copy numbers predict gefitinib sensitivity in patients with recurrent non–small-cell lung cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2005; 23(28): 6829-6837.
https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2005.01.0793

17. Beekly MD, Sato Y, Abe T. KAATSU-walk training increases serum bone-spesific alkaline phosphatase in young men. Int. J. KAATSU Training Res, 2005; 1:77-81.
https://doi.org/10.3806/ijktr.1.77

18. Abe T, Yasuda T, Midorikawa T, Sato Y, Inoue K, Koizumi K, Ishii N. Skeletal muscle size and circulating IGF-1 are increased after two weeks of twice daily “KAATSU” resistance training. International Journal of KAATSU Training Research, 2005; 1(1): 6-12.
https://doi.org/10.3806/ijktr.1.6

19. Luebbers PE, Fry AC, Kriley LM, Butler MS. The effects of a 7‐week practical blood flow restriction program on well‐trained collegiate athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2014; 28(8): 2270‐2280.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000385

20. Benis R, Bonato M, Torre AL. Elite female basketball players' body-weight neuromuscular training and performance on the Y-balance test. Journal of athletic training, 2016; 51(9): 688-695.
https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-51.12.03

21. Cherni Y, Jelid MC, Mehrez H, Shephard RJ, Paillard TP, Chelly MS, Hermassi S. Eight weeks of plyometric training improves ability to change direction and dynamic postural control in female basketball players. Frontiers in Physiology, 2019; 10: 726.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00726

22. Myer GD, Ford KR, McLea SG, Hewett TE. The effects of plyometric versus dynamic stabilization and balance training on lower extremity biomechanics. The American journal of sports medicine, 2006; 34(3): 445-455.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546505281241
Published
2020-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Akin M, Kesilmiş İnci. The effect of blood flow restriction and plyometric training methods on dynamic balance of Taekwondo athletes. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2020;24(4):157-62. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2020.0401
Section
Articles