Timeless evolution of walking and pace strategy of women’s race walking

Keywords: race walking, even pacing strategy, variable pacing strategy, performance

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The purpose of this research was to study the timeline evolution of walking, as well as the Pacing Strategy Profiles of high-level women in the 20 km of race walking. Material: The practical example of applying the theoretical basis was made during the Women’s Greek Championship (Megara 2016), in which 12 athletes aged 19 to 40 participated (28.50 ± 7.20). Material and Methods. The certified distance of the 20km route was divided into 10 sections of 2 km each. The same happened with the times (intermediate, final) corresponding to the individual sections (2 km) of the route. The athletes were divided into 4 groups: the first 3, those who finished 15% slower than the first, those who finished 15% - 30% slower, and those who finished more than 30% slower than the winner. Finally became comparison of the first 6 and last 6 athletes’ groups. Results. The individual pace strategies that describe the tactics of the athletes in this race have been calculated. It was found that the winners of the race used Even Pacing Strategy, maintaining a steady speed on most of the route. As the level of women athletes became lower, Variable Pacing Strategy was used, while the athletes who finished last did not seem to be able to maintain any particular pacing strategy. Conclusions. It is suggested that athletes should follow Even Pacing Strategy during the race in order to improve their performance.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 19 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

Panagiotα Fitili, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
fytili@hotmail.com; School of Physical Education and Sport Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; 41 Ethnikis Antistassis Str., Daphne 17237, Athens, Greece.
Vasilios Giovanis, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
vgiovan@phed.uoa.gr;  School of Physical Education and Sport Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; 41 Ethnikis Antistassis Str., Daphne 17237, Athens, Greece

References

1. Benakis Α. The technique of racing walking. [dissertation]. School of Physical Education and Sports Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; 1988. (in Greek)

2. Stavrakakis N, Albanidis E. The therapeutic use of sport during the byzantine period. Archives of Hellenic Medicine, 2015; 32(1):96–101 (in Greek)

3. Mannell R, Reid D. Work and leisure. In: Leisure Studies, Prospects for the Twenty-first century, 1999. P. 151–163.

4. Sylvester C. The western idea of work and leisure: traditions, transformations and the future. In: Leisure Studies, Prospects for the Twenty-first century; 1999. P. 17–31.

5. Giovanis V. Skiing technique. Athens: Elvekalt Publications; 2006 (in Greek)

6. Panou HA, Giovanis VF. Review on interventional "nordic walking" exercise programs for improving life quality for older adults. Journal of Educational Research and Studies, 2016; 4 (3): 26–29.

7. Abbiss CR, Laursen PB. Describing and understanding pacing strategies during athletic competition. Journal of Sports Medicine, 2008; 38(3): 239– 252.
https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200838030-00004

8. Foster C, Snyder A, Thompson NN, Green MA, Foley M, Schrager M. Effect of pacing strategy on cycle time trial performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1993; 25(3): 383– 388.
https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199303000-00014

9. Foster C, Hettinga F, Lampen J, Dodge C, Bobbert M, Porcari J. Effect of competitive distance on energy expenditure during simulated competition. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2004; 25 (3): 198–204.

10. Thompson KG. Pacing: Individual strategies for optimal performance. Human Kinetics; 2014.

11. Aschenbrenner P, Erdmann WS, Giovanis V, Lipinska P. Investigations on technique and tactics of race walking during Olympic Games Athens 2004 - first announcement. University of Salzburg; 2006.

12. Ruchlewicz,T, Staszkiewicz R, Chwala W, Laska J. Biomechanical parameters of race walking on the example of tests of an international champion class walkers. In: Urbanik Cz (ed.). Zagadnienia biomechaniki sportu – technika ruchu [Biomechanics of sport issues - movement technique]. Warsaw; 2003. P.46–57 (in Polish)

13. Erdmann WS, Giovanis V. Investigations on kinematics of giant slalom’s tactics in alpine skiing. In: Miyashita M., Fukunaga T. (ed.) Proceedings, XVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Tokyo: University of Tokyo; 1997. P. 79.

14. Lipińska P. Wielkości kinematyczne i geometria trasy a taktyka biegu w maratonie [Kinematic quantities and route geometry and tactics of running a marathon]. [dissertation]. Gdańsk: AWFiS; 2006 (in Polish)

15. Hanley B, Bissas A, Drake A. Biomechanical analysis of elite race walkers. Technique analysis and the effects of fatigue. New Studies in Athletics, 2008; 23(4): 17–25.

16. Radovanovic D. Specific alterations of physiological parameters in competitive race walkers. Aplied Physiology, 2011; 98 (4): 449– 455.
https://doi.org/10.1556/APhysiol.98.2011.4.8

17. Chwala W. Influence of space-time quantities on the oscillations of the total body mass center (BMC) as a function of the increasing speed of sports walk in the group of master class walkers. In: Urbanik Cz, Mastalerz A. (ed). Biomechanika sportu i rechabilitacji [Biomechanics of sport and rehabilitation]. Warsaw; AWF; 2009. P. 29–43 (in Polish)

18. Hanley B. An analysis of pacing profiles of world-class racewalkers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2013; 8(4), 435– 441.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.4.435

19. Hanley B, Stellingwerff T, Hettinga FJ. Successful Pacing Profiles of Olympic and IAAF World Championship Middle-Distance Runners Across Qualifying Rounds and Finals. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 2019;14:894–901.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2018-0742

20. Giovanis V, Erdmann WS. Kinematic Analysis of Runners in the 2011 Olympus Marathon. Research Journal of Physical Education Sciences, 2013; 1(1): 7–12.
Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Fitili P, Giovanis V. Timeless evolution of walking and pace strategy of women’s race walking. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2020;24(6):278-84. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2020.0601
Section
Articles