Effect of different training models on motoric and swimming performance in prepubescent swimmers

Keywords: children, athletes, freestyle, dry-land training, elastic band

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of different training programs on the improvement of motoric and swimming performance prepubescent swimmers. Material and Methods. Forty-five children between the ages of 9 -11 years with at least 2 years of training experiences, participated in the study. Three different [(1) dry-land with elastic resistance band group + swimming (ERB); (2) dry-land without elastic resistance band (DL) + swimming and (3) swimming group (SG) with swimming training alone] training group were formed. And a 12-week training program was implemented thought the study. Biceps, chest, waist, hip, thigh body circumference measurements were taken from all participants. Vertical jump (VJ), flexed-arm strength (FAS), speed, upper body strength (UBS), Standing horizontal jump (SHJ), flexibility, aerobic endurance (AE), balance, and 50 m freestyle swimming (FS) score were tested on the participants. As statistical analysis, normality and homogeneity of variance assumption were checked (Shapiro-Wilk and Levene tests, respectively). A non-normal distribution was found. The values of each variable were expressed as mean ± standard deviation, and median. The training effects within the groups were evaluated using analyses of Friedman for repeated measures and the level of significance was set at p<0.05 for all tests. Results. There was a significant difference in SHJ, UBS, FAS, speed, and FS score among the assessment times 1-3 and 1-4 in both of ERB and DL training groups (p<0.05). ERB and DL training were significantly effective compared to the SG on VJ, FAS, speed, UBS, and freestyle swimming performance (p<0.05). Conclusions: The study findings showed that DL training more effected relatively on motoric performance.

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Author Biographies

İsmet Alagöz, Ministry of Youth and Sports
alagoz.ismet@gmail.com; Ministry of Youth and Sports; Çorum, Turkey.
Sema Can, Hitit University
semacan@hitit.edu.tr; Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Coaching Training, Hitit University; Çorum, Turkey.
Erkan Demirkan, Hitit University
erkandemirkan@hitit.edu.tr; Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Coaching Training, Hitit University; Çorum, Turkey.
Tuğrul Özkadı, Hitit University
tugrulozkadi@hitit.edu.tr; Department of Sport Management, Hitit University; Çorum, Turkey.
Emre Demir, Hitit University
emredemir@hitit.edu.tr; Faculty of Medicine, Deparment of Biostatistics, Hitit University; Çorum, Turkey.

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Published
2021-10-30
How to Cite
1.
Alagöz İsmet, Can S, Demirkan E, Özkadı T, Demir E. Effect of different training models on motoric and swimming performance in prepubescent swimmers. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2021;25(5):286-95. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2021.0503
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