The effect of score types on total score in trampoline gymnastics: Example of the European Championship in Sochi 2021

Keywords: trampoline, difficulty, execution, time of flight, horizontal displacement

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. Trampoline gymnastics has a versatile scoring system that has evolved and become more complex over the years. This study aimed to find the effect of the difficulty (D), execution (E), time of flight (TOF), and horizontal displacement (HD) scores on the total score in male and female trampoline gymnasts. Material and Methods. The results of the first round in the qualification round in the individual senior category of the 27th European Championships in Trampoline Gymnastics were used for evaluation. Multiple regression analysis (the enter method) was performed to build a model between the total score and D, E, TOF, and HD scores. Results. According to multiple regression analyses, respectively E, TOF, D, and HD scores were predictors of the total score in the men’s first routine, and D, E, TOF, and HD in the men’s second routine (p<0.05). Although women have the same ranking as the men of the second routines, respectively E, D, TOF, and HD scores were predictors of the first routine (p<0.05). Conclusions. The results show that the E score is critical for the first routines and the D score is critical for the second routines. The fact that the first and second routines were constructed with different strategies as per the competition rules may have caused this result. By reminding coaches and athletes of the fact that the types of scores can affect each other, it can be suggested that they adjust their target scores according to the type of routine and the stage and type of competition.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 23 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

Sercin Kosova, Dokuz Eylül University
sercin.kosova@gmail.com; Dokuz Eylül University; İzmir, Turkey.
Merve Koca Kosova, Dokuz Eylül University
merve.koca@deu.edu.tr; Dokuz Eylül University; İzmir, Turkey.

References

1. Federation Internationale De Gymnastique. FIG online. [Internet]. 2021. [cited 2021 May 10]. Available from https://www.gymnastics.sport/site/pages/disciplines/hist-tra.php

2. Natrup J, Bramme J, de Lussanet MH, Boström KJ, Lappe M, Wagner H. Gaze behavior of trampoline gymnasts during a back tuck somersault. Human Movement Science, 2020;70: 102589.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2020.102589

3. Vicente-Mariño M. World age group competitions (wagc) as a development pillar for trampoline gymnastics: analysing national federations' results between 1999 and 2019. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 2021; 13(1).

4. 2017-2020 Code of Points Trampoline Gymnastics. Federation Internationale De Gymnastique. FIG online. [Internet]. 2016. [cited 2021 May 10]. Available from: https://www.gymnastics.sport/site/

5. Leskošek B, Čuk I, Peixoto CJ. Inter-rater reliability and validity of scoring men's individual trampoline routines at european championships 2014. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 2018; 10(1): 69–79.

6. Ferger K, Helm F, Zentgraf K. Estimating horizontal displacement deduction in trampoline gymnastics by means of constant and variable errors of landing positions: a new gold standard? Science of Gymnastics Journal. 2020; 12(2).

7. Ferger K, Hackbarth M. New way of determining horizontal displacement in competitive trampolining. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 2017; 9(3): 303–310.

8. Sporttech. European Championships in Trampoline, Tumbling and Double Mini-Trampoline. [Internet]. 2021. [cited 2021 May 5]. Avaliable from: https://sporttech.io/events/d8e3facd-71c4-47da-69c5-9f010f5170a8/ovs/event/TRA

9. Berry W, Feldman S. Multiple Regression in Practice. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks California 91320 United States of America: SAGE Publications, Inc.; 1985.
https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412985208

10. Allison PD. Multiple regression: A primer: Pine Forge Press. 1999.

11. De Maesschalck R, Jouan-Rimbaud D, Massart DL. The mahalanobis distance. Chemometrics and intelligent laboratory systems. 2000; 50(1): 1–18.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-7439(99)00047-7

12. Cook RD, Weisberg S. Residuals and influence in regression: New York: Chapman and Hall; 1982.

13. Atiković A, Kamenjašević E. The prediction of all-around event final score based on d and e score factors in women's artistic gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 2021; 13(1).

14. Čuk I, Forbes W.. How apparatus difficulty scores affect all around results in men’s artistic gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 2010; 2(3): 57–63.

15. Kosova MK, Kosova S. Evaluation of scores of the 33rd and 34th Junior European Championships in Men’s Artistic Gymnastics European Journal of Human Movement, 2021.

16. Massidda M, Calò CM. Performance scores and standings during the 43rd Artistic Gymnastics World Championships, 2011. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2012; 30(13): 1415–1420.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.710759

17. Heinen T, Krepela F. Evaluating routines in trampoline gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 2016; 8(3): 229–238.

18. Briggs K. The relationship between strength, power and trampoline jump height. Cardiff Metropolitan University; 2014.

19. Kalinski SD, Jelaska G, Atiković A. Elite female vault finals from 2008–2016. Acta Kinesiol. 2017; 11: 62–66.

20. Cuk I, Fink H, Leskosek B. Modeling the final score in artistic gymnastics by different weights of difficulty and execution. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 2012; 4(1):73.

21. Meissner L, Rai A, Rotthoff KW. The superstar effect in gymnastics. Applied Economics. 2021; 1–8.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2020.1869170

22. Kosova MK, Kosova S. A comparıson of tıme of flıght and horızontal dısplacement scores ın trampolıne gymnastıcs routınes. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 2021;13.
https://doi.org/10.52165/sgj.13.2.221-229
Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Kosova S, Koca Kosova M. The effect of score types on total score in trampoline gymnastics: Example of the European Championship in Sochi 2021. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2021;25(6):349-54. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2021.0602
Section
Articles