Blood types and fitness capability of physical education students: a non-parametric analysis




blood types, fitness capability, physical education, non-parametric analysis


Background and the Study Aim. The study describes the association of blood types and physical fitness capability of physical education students. Material and Methods. A non-parametric analysis was used in the study employing chi-square with the Cramer’s V analysis to provide the likelihood relationship between variables. Using the simple random sampling, there were 263 participants composed of 198 (75.3%) females and 65 (24.7%) males. The samples were all students from physical education subject with the age ranged from 17-34 years old.  Results. The finding showed that among the physical fitness capability of the PE students, only anaerobic and flexibility fitness have positive association to blood types. Further, anaerobic fitness has the likelihood to be more advantageous within the A blood type with 57.1%. While flexibility fitness is seen in blood type O with a likelihood association of 79.1%, A with 60.7%, and B 55.3%. Moreover, this implies that PE students’ physical fitness capability such as anaerobic and flexibility fitness are potentiality associated or related to blood types most specifically to “A” and “O.” Thus, in any fitness related physical activity, blood type must be considered in the selection process especially if instills high intensity exercises producing without oxygen and muscle range extension. Conclusion. It has been concluded that physical fitness capability of an individual can be attributed or influenced by the type of blood he/she possesses. Thus, in the context of sports and dance competition that requires specific physical fitness level, it is recommended to consider blood types of a person.


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Author Biographies

Marino Garcia, Cebu Normal University

Assistant Professor;; Kinesthetics Department; Cebu City, Philippines.

Jovelito Alymento Canillas, Cebu Normal University; Kinesthetics Department; Cebu City, Philippines.


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— Updated on 2023-04-30

How to Cite

Garcia M, Canillas JA. Blood types and fitness capability of physical education students: a non-parametric analysis . Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2023;27(2):165-72.

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