The effect of exercise using auxiliary tools in learning the forehand and backhand skills of female tennis students




Exercises with auxiliary equipment, tennis skills, teaching method


Background and Study Aim. The present study investigates the effect of exercise using auxiliary tools. It should facilitate learning process of the forehand and backhand skills of female tennis students of physical education and sports. It can also be used by workers in the field of performance and different motor responses. Material and Methods. An experimental method with two group pretest and posttest design approached the 20 volunteers of female sports students (age 19±2), who had participated in a training course. The sample is divided into 2 groups of experimental and control according to the score of the forehand and backhand tests and measurements. Analyses were performed using statistical software SPSS 23 (Statistical Package for social science) program. The following variables were calculated using: Arithmetic mean, Standard deviation, Simplex correlation coefficient (Pearson), T-test for related means. Results. The study showed a significant value (p=0.001, p<0.05) in the acquisition of the forehand and backhand skills after post-test assessment when compared to pretest. However, significant differences emerged in developing some basic tennis skills. The special exercises with auxiliary tools made a remarkable development in all basic skills. Conclusions. Coaches play a key role in use of suitable equipment in tennis teaching programs. Voluntary participation in such tests provides effectiveness feedback on teachers teaching and adequacy of performance acquisition gained by learners. This study will encourage teachers to use special exercises with auxiliary tools in learning and acquiring basic skills in games and sports activities.


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Author Biographies

Adnan Abdullah, University of Baghded; Tennis teacher at the University of University of Baghded (Iraq), Student Activities Department. PhD student at the Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education (Ksar Saïd, Manouba Tunisia).  

Wadii Zayed, University of Manouba; Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education; Ksar Saïd, Manouba Tunisia.

Bali Naila , University of Manouba;  Higher education professor. Director OF higher Institute of Specialized Education, University of Manouba (Manouba, Tunisia); Director oF Research Laboratory in Disability and Social Maladjustment (Tunisia).


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— Updated on 2023-04-30

How to Cite

Abdullah A, Zayed W, Naila B. The effect of exercise using auxiliary tools in learning the forehand and backhand skills of female tennis students . Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2023;27(2):158-64.

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