Functional preparedness of women of the first period of mature age of different somatotypes

Keywords: aerobic, anaerobic productivity, somatotype, females

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. It is believed that the somatotype is a predictor of indicators of functional readiness. There are significant differences in the aerobic performance of the body for people of different somatotypes among students girls and men. Features of manifestation of anaerobic possibilities of an organism at persons of various somatotypes from 7 to 30 years old are described. We can assume that women of the first adulthood period of different somatotypes, indicators of functional readiness are manifested in different ways. The aim of the study was to identify the features of aerobic, anaerobic lactate and anaerobic alactate productivity of women of the first period of mature age of different somatotypes. Material and Methods. The study involved 210 females 25-35 years old. Somatotype was determined in all subjects. Functional readiness was determined by indicators of anaerobic lactatic productivity, anaerobic alactatic productivity and aerobic productivity of the organism. The power of aerobic energy supply processes was investigated by VO2max. To determine the VO2max used cycling ergometric version of the PWC 170 test. The subjects was performed a stepwise increasing load on the ergometer to determine the TAM. At the end of each stage, heart rate was recorded. The TAM level corresponded to the inflection point on the heart rate growth chart. The capacity of anaerobic lactate processes of energy supply was investigated by indicator of the maximum quantity of mechanical work for 1 minute (MQMK). The subjects performed a bicycle ergometric load duration 1 min with a power of 225 W with a maximum pedaling frequency. The power of anaerobic lactate processes of energy supply was determined by the Wingate anaerobic test WAnT 30. The power of anaerobic alactate processes of energy supply was determined by the test WAnT 10. Statistical processing was performed using the program STATISTICA 13. Results. According to absolute indicators (WAnT10. WAnT30. MQMK, TAM, VO2max) the advantage of representatives of endomorphic-mesomorphic somatotype was established. According to relative indicators of aerobic productivity (TAM, VO2max) representatives of the ectomorphic and balanced somatotype predominate. Conclusions. High values of absolute indicators of functional readiness are associated with high values ​​of body mass in combination with a high percentage of muscle for women of different somatotypes.  Accordingly, for representatives of somatotypes with lower body mass are characterized by lower absolute values ​​of all indicators of functional fitness. The relative indicators of aerobic productivity are dominated by representatives of somatotypes, which are characterized by lower body mass.

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Author Biographies

Viacheslav M. Miroshnichenko, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
29miroshnichenko@gmail.com; Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine  
Yuriy M. Furman, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
furman-dok@ukr.net; Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor of department Biomedical Foundation of Physical Education and Physical Rehabilitation Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
Viktoriia Yu. Bohuslavska, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
Vik.bogusl@gmail.com; Doctor of Science (Physical Education and Sport), Associate Professor of department Sports Theory and Methods Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnitsa, Ukraine.
Oleksandra Yu. Brezdeniuk, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
sandrikk86@gmail.com; Ph.D. in Physical Education and Sports, Head of the Department of Physical Education, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi  State Pedagogical University; Vinnitsa, Ukraine.
Svitlana V. Salnykova, Vinnytsia Institute of Trade and Economics of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
aqvasveta@ukr.net; Head of the Department of Physical Education, Vinnitsa Trade and Economic Institute, Kiev Trade and Economic University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
Oksana P. Shvets, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
o.shvets1802@gmail.com; Ph.D. in Physical Education and Sports, Associate Professor of department Physical Education, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
Maryna O. Boiko, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
mzugrava@gmail.com; Postgraduate student of Department Biomedical Foundation of Physical Education and Physical Rehabilitation Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University;  Vinnytsia, Ukraine.

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Published
2021-10-30
How to Cite
1.
Miroshnichenko V, Furman Y, Bohuslavska V, Brezdeniuk O, Salnykova S, Shvets O, Boiko M. Functional preparedness of women of the first period of mature age of different somatotypes. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2021;25(5):296-04. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2021.0504
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Articles

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