Modeling of functional preparedness of women 25-35 years of different somatotypes

Keywords: standards, aerobic, anaerobic productivity, mature age

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The level of functional preparedness of the population is influenced by many factors. The greatest influence is exerted by the economic condition of the country, climatic features of the region, food quality, environmental factor, social status of the population. Therefore, functional readiness standards should be updated periodically. For an objective assessment of functional readiness, all energy potential should be considered: aerobic, anaerobic lactatic and alactatic. Women of different somatotypes have significant differences in the degree of development of indicators of functional preparedness. Hypothesis. The models of functional preparedness developed by us for women of different somatotypes will clearly demonstrate significant differences in the level of preparedness in representatives of different somatotypes. The aim of the study is to develop standards of functional readiness for women aged 25-35 and models of functional preparedness for women of different somatotypes. Material and methods. The study involved women aged 25-35 years (n = 392). Somatotype was determined in all subjects. The power of aerobic energy supply processes was determined by the method of bicycle ergometry according to the PWC 170 test. The threshold of anaerobic metabolism was determined by the test with a stepwise increasing load. The capacity of anaerobic lactatic energy supply processes of muscular activity was determined by a bicycle ergometric 60-second test. The power of anaerobic lactatic and alactatic energy supply processes was determined by Wingate anaerobic tests WAnT 30 and WAnT 10. Standards of functional preparedness were developed according to the author's method based on the rule 3σ. Results. Functional preparedness standards have been developed for women aged 25-35 according to the full range of muscular energy supply regimes. Models of functional preparedness for women 25-35 years of different somatotypes have been developed. Conclusions. The developed standards are based on modern experimental data and consider all human energy potential (aerobic, anaerobic lactatic and anaerobic alactatic). Standards of functional preparedness cannot be universal for different countries and even different regions of large countries. Models of functional preparedness of women of different somatotypes show a significant difference from the standards set for women without somatotype. Somatotype should be considered when assessing indicators of functional preparedness.

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Author Biographies

Yuriy M. Furman, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
furman-dok@ukr.net; Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.  
Viacheslav M. Miroshnichenko, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
29miroshnichenko@gmail.com; Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
Viktoriia Yu. Bohuslavska, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
Vik.bogusl@gmail.com; Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
Natalia V. Gavrylova, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
gavrilova.natal83@gmail.com; Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
Olexsandra Yu. Brezdeniuk, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
sandrikk86@gmail.com; Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
Svitlana V. Salnykova, Vinnytsia Institute of Trade and Economics of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
aqvasveta@ukr.net; Vinnytsia Institute of Trade and Economics of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
Viktoria V. Holovkina, Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
akvavita72@gmail.com; Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University; Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
Igor P. Vypasniak, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
ihor.vypasniak@pnu.edu.ua; Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Culture; Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University; Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.
Vasyl Y. Lutskyi, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
luckij55@gmail.com; Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Culture; Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University; Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

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Published
2022-04-06
How to Cite
1.
Furman Y, Miroshnichenko V, Bohuslavska V, Gavrylova N, Brezdeniuk O, Salnykova S, Holovkina V, Vypasniak I, Lutskyi V. Modeling of functional preparedness of women 25-35 years of different somatotypes. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2022;26(2):118-25. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2022.0206
Section
Articles

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