Changes in joint kinematics and kinetics through the implementation of inter-repetition rest protocols in snatch training

Keywords: power, recovery, exercise, olympic weightlifting, maximal strength

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. Inter-repetition rest pertains to a short period of rest between repetitions during strength training. Manipulating inter-repetition rest may influence fatigue accumulation, manifesting alteration in lifting mechanics.  This study aimed to examine the effects of different inter-repetition rest protocols on joint velocity and ground reaction force during snatch exercise. Material and Methods. Fifteen male (n=15) athletes participated in this study (age = 23.0 ±2.31 years; body weight = 65.32 ± 1.37 kg; height = 168.80 ± 5.64 cm; snatch one repetition maximum (1RM)/bodyweight = 0.78 ± 0.12), performing three sets of 5 repetitions at 85% 1 Repetition Maximum snatch with 10, 30, or 50 seconds of inter-repetition rest implemented randomly across three sessions. Ankle, knee, and hip kinematics and ground reaction force in the three protocols were used for comparison. The participants visited the exercise science laboratory for four sessions between 0800-1700 hrs. These sessions were separated by 72 hours. Results. One-way repeated measure analysis of variances (ANOVA) showed a significant effect of inter-repetition rest on the maintenance of kinematic and kinetic variables. The ground reaction force for 10 seconds inter-repetition rest protocol showed a significant drop in force output across repetition (p = .037, p < 0.05). Conclusions. The utilization of inter-repetition rest in snatch exercise may reduce neuromuscular fatigue across repetitions, maintaining consistent performance output. Specifically, the 50 second inter-repetition rest protocol reduced the negative effect of neuromuscular fatigue in the kinematic and kinetic variables during snatch exercise. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 257 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

Kevin Tan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
kevin13@live.com.my; Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris; Perak, Malaysia.
Jeffrey Pagaduan, Palacký University
jeffrey.pagaduan@utas.edu.au; Institute of Active Lifestyle, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic
Mandra Janep, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
mandrajanep@yahoo.com; Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia ; Perak, Malaysia.
Ali Md Nadzalan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
ali.nadzalan@fsskj.upsi.edu.my; Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia ; Perak, Malaysia.

References

1. Fitts RH. Cellular mechanisms of muscle fatigue. Physiological Reviews. 1994;74(1):49–94.
https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.1994.74.1.49
2. Kaneko M. Training effect of different loads on the force-velocity relationship and mechanical power output in human muscle. Scand J Sports Sci. 1983; 5:50–5.
3. Suchomel TJ, Nimphius S, Stone MH. The importance of muscular strength in athletic performance. Sports medicine, 2016;46(10):1419–49.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0486-0
4. García-Ramos A, Nebot V, Padial P, Valverde-Esteve T, Pablos-Monzó A, Feriche B. Effects of short inter-repetition rest periods on power output losses during the half squat exercise. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 2016;24(4):323–30.
https://doi.org/10.3233/ies-160634
5. Hardee JP, Triplett NT, Utter AC, Zwetsloot KA, Mcbride JM. Effect of interrepetition rest on power output in the power clean. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2012;26(4):883–9. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3182474370
6. Izquierdo M, González-Badillo J, Häkkinen K, Ibanez J, Kraemer W, Altadill A, et al. Effect of loading on unintentional lifting velocity declines during single sets of repetitions to failure during upper and lower extremity muscle actions. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2006;27(09):718–24.
https://doi.org/10.1055/s2005-872825
7. Lawton TW, Cronin JB, Lindsell RP. Effect of interrepetition rest intervals on weight training repetition power output. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2006;20(1):172.
https://doi.org/10.1519/r-13893.1
8. Zaras N, Stasinaki A-N, Spiliopoulou P, Mpampoulis T, Hadjicharalambous M, Terzis G. Effect of inter-repetition rest vs. traditional strength training on lower body strength, rate of force development, and muscle architecture. Applied Sciences, 2021;11(1):45.
https://doi.org/10.3390/app11010045
9. Baechle TR, Earle RW. Essentials of strength training and conditioning. Human kinetics; 2008.
10. Duffey MJ, Challis JH. Fatigue effects on bar kinematics during the bench press. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2007;21(2):556.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200705000-00046
11. De Ruiter C, Jones D, Sargeant A, De Haan A. The measurement of force/velocity relationships of fresh and fatigued human adductor pollicis muscle. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 1999;80(4):386–93.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s004210050608
12. Jones DA, De Ruiter C, De Haan A. Change in contractile properties of human muscle in relationship to the loss of power and slowing of relaxation seen with fatigue. The Journal of Physiology, 2006;576(3):913–22.
https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2006.116343
13. Haff GG, Whitley A, McCoy LB, O'Bryant HS, Kilgore JL, Haff EE, et al. Effects of different set configurations on barbell velocity and displacement during a clean pull. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2003;17(1):95–103.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278200302000-00016
14. Mora-Custodio R, Rodríguez-Rosell D, Yáñez-García JM, Sánchez-Moreno M, Pareja-Blanco F, González-Badillo JJ. Effect of different inter-repetition rest intervals across four load intensities on velocity loss and blood lactate concentration during full squat exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2018;36(24):2856–64.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1480052
15. Hardee JP, Lawrence MM, Zwetsloot KA, Triplett NT, Utter AC, McBride JM. Effect of cluster set configurations on power clean technique. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2013;31(5):488–96.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.736633
16. Gourgoulis V, Aggelousis N, Mavromatis G, Garas A. Three-dimensional kinematic analysis of the snatch of elite Greek weightlifters. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2000;18(8):643–52.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410050082332
17. Kipp K, Harris C. Muscle-specific effective mechanical advantage and joint impulse in weightlifting. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2017;31(7):1905–10.
https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000001658
18. Winter DA. Biomechanics and motor control of human movement: John Wiley & Sons; 2009.
https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470549148
19. Favre M, Peterson MD. Teaching the first pull. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 2012;34(6):77–81.
https://doi.org/10.1519/ssc.0b013e31826e17dc
20. Maughan RJ, Shirreffs SM. Development of hydration strategies to optimize performance for athletes in high-intensity sports and in sports with repeated intense efforts: Development of hydration strategies to optimize performance for athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2010;20:59–69.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01191.x.
21. Harris RC, Edwards RH, Hultman E, Nordesjö LO, Nylind B, Sahlin K. The time course of phosphorylcreatine resynthesis during recovery of the quadriceps muscle in man. Pflügers Archiv, 1976;367(2):137–42.
https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00585149
22. Tan K, bin Mohamad NI, Nadzalan AM. The Effect of Inter-Repetition Rest Duration on Kinematic of Snatch. Annals of Applied Sport Science, 2021:1–10.
https://doi.org/10.52547/aassjournal.957
23. Tan K, Joseph S, Nadzalan AM. Lower Extremities’ Kinematic sequence and kinetics during first pull in classic snatch. Sport Mont. 2021; 19(2):35–39.
https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.210606
24. Haff GG, Whitley A, Potteiger JA. A brief review: Explosive exercises and sports performance. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 2001;23(3):13–25.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00126548-200106000-00003
25. Moreno S. Effect of cluster sets on plyometric jump power. California State University, Fullerton; 2012.
https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000000585
26. Himawan MKN, Rilastia D, Syafei M, Nugroho R, Budihardjo B. (ed.) Biomechanical Analysis of Snatch Technique in Conjunction to Kinematic Motion of Olympic Weightlifters. In: International Seminar on Public Health and Education 2018 (ISPHE 2018); 2018: Atlantis Press; 2018.
https://doi.org/10.2991/isphe18.2018.30
27. Haff GG, Hobbs RT, Haff EE, Sands WA, Pierce KC, Stone MH. Cluster training: A novel method for introducing training program variation. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 2008;30(1):67–76.
https://doi.org/10.1519/ssc.0b013e31816383e1
28. Bogdanis GC, Nevill ME, Boobis LH, Lakomy HK, Nevill AM. Recovery of power output and muscle metabolites following 30 s of maximal sprint cycling in man. The Journal of Physiology, 1995;482(2):467–80.
https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.1995.sp020533
29. Enoka RM, Duchateau J. Muscle fatigue: what, why and how it influences muscle function. The Journal of Physiology, 2008;586(1):11–23.
https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2007.139477
Published
2022-02-28
How to Cite
1.
Tan K, Pagaduan J, Janep M, Nadzalan AM. Changes in joint kinematics and kinetics through the implementation of inter-repetition rest protocols in snatch training. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2022;26(1):68-5. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2022.01.08
Section
Articles