The effects of small-sided games versus traditional training on physical fitness and skills among Under-12 hockey players

Keywords: physical conditioning, training program, sport-specific training, youth sport, performance

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. Despite many evidences showed the effectiveness of small sided games (SSG) to be included in sport training programs, majority of the study was done in soccer, while is very limited in hockey. The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the effects of small sided games and traditional training on physical fitness components (cardiovascular endurance, power, speed) and skills (dribbling, hitting, passing) among Under-12 hockey players. Material and Methods. A total of 36 primary schools’ male students aged below 12 that represent their district were randomly divided into three groups; i) 3x3, ii) 4x4 and iii) traditional training (TT). The yo-yo test (cardiovascular endurance), standing long jump test (power) and 30m sprint test (speed) were conducted to measure level of physical fitness performance while the skills of the players was tested based on the skills of dribbling, hitting and passing. Pre- and post-tests were conducted on all fitness and skill level before and after 8 week intervention period. Mixed between within analysis of variances (ANOVA) was used to analyze the differences in physical fitness and skills performance between and within the three groups. Results. The results of this study showed all groups managed to improve their physical fitness and skills in the post test. However, the 3x3 and 4x4 SSG have better improvement compared to TT in physical fitness while no significant differences were found in skills tests. Conclusions. In conclusion, SSG interventions were found to be more effective in improving physical fitness but not in terms of skills. Coaches are encouraging to implement SSG in their training program in order to improve both physical and skills among hockey players.

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Author Biographies

Faizal Izwan M. Tajudin, Sultan Idris Education University
faizalizwantajudin@ipgmipoh.edu.my; Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University;  Tanjong Malim, Malaysia. 
Nor Fazila A. Malek, Sultan Idris Education University
fazipanthera@gmail.com; Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University;  Tanjong Malim, Malaysia. 
Abdul Muiz N. Azmi, Sultan Idris Education University
imanmuiz94@gmail.com; Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University;  Tanjong Malim, Malaysia.
Kevin Tan, Management and Science University
kevin13@live.com.my;  Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Management and Science University;  Shah Alam, Malaysia. 
Rajkumar K. Vasanthi, INTI International University
rajkumarhari@yahoo.co.in;  Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, INTI International University;  Nilai, Malaysia.
Fariba H. Abadi, Sultan Idris Education University
fariba@fsskj.upsi.edu.my; Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University; Tanjong Malim, Malaysia
Ali Md Nadzalan, Sultan Idris Education University
ali.nadzalan@fsskj.upsi.edu.my;  Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University;  Tanjong Malim, Malaysia.

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Published
2022-08-02
How to Cite
1.
Tajudin FI, Malek NF, Azmi AM, Tan K, Vasanthi R, Abadi F, Nadzalan AM. The effects of small-sided games versus traditional training on physical fitness and skills among Under-12 hockey players. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2022;26(4):270-5. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2022.0407
Section
Articles

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