The impact of existing and modify wrestling shoes on foot posture deformities in 12-13 years old athletes

The Impact of Wrestling Shoes on Foot Posture Deformation

Keywords: wrestling, athlete health, sports shoes, wrestling shoes, flatfoot, leg pain

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. In the early years when sports footwear became compulsory, the importance of shoe design was not considered in terms of athletes’ health. Since the early years of wrestling shoe use, these gears have been manufactured according to the rules of competition, and modifications have been very limited. In this regard, this study aims to determine the effect of existing wrestling shoes on foot deformation. Material and Methods. The study was carried out with the participation of 108 young male athletes who had the same training on the same ground for three years in the Wrestling Training Center. The athletes were divided into two groups, an experimental and a control group. While the control group wore wrestling shoes produced by widely used brands, the experimental group wore newly designed wrestling shoes. Foot arch values and images of both groups were determined using a podoscope device at the beginning and end of the study. The evaluations were made according to the Staheli arch index. Results. The results of the statistical analysis revealed that differences were found in the footprint measurement values of the control group. It was determined that this difference in the footprints was greater among the freestyle wrestlers. The decrease in the averages between the first and second measurement values of the group using the newly designed wrestling shoes was found to be highly positive and in a linear direction. Also, it was determined that the pain score values of the control group were higher than the scores of the experimental group after training. Conclusions. The results revealed that there were deformations in the feet of the control group wrestlers wearing available wrestling shoes. It was observed that freestyle wrestling athletes had more deformation than Greco-Roman style wrestlers, and leg pains were more prevalent after training and competitions. Based on these results, it was concluded that the design of wrestling shoes produced with today's technology needs to be redesigned.

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Author Biographies

Zeki Coşkuner, Fırat University
zcoskuner@firat.edu.tr; Department of Recreation, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Fırat University; Elazığ, Turkey.
Mahmut Açak, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
m.acak@hotmail.com; Department of Coaching Education, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University; Çanakkale, Turkey.
Hakan Büyükçelebi, Inonu University
hakan.buyukcelebi@inonu.edu.tr; Department of Coaching Education, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Inonu University; Malatya, Turkey.
Gökmen Özen, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
gokmenozen44@gmail.com; Department of Physical Education and Sports Teaching, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University; Çanakkale, Turkey.
Kemal Kurak, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
kemal.kurak@comu.edu.tr; Department of Recreation, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University; Çanakkale, Turkey.

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Published
2022-10-06
How to Cite
1.
Coşkuner Z, Açak M, Büyükçelebi H, Özen G, Kurak K. The impact of existing and modify wrestling shoes on foot posture deformities in 12-13 years old athletes. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2022;26(5):327-33. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2022.0507
Section
Articles

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