The effect of pre-season football training on hematological parameters of well-trained young male football players

Keywords: blood, football, hematology, heart, preseason, training

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of metabolic stress created by 6-week football training applied in the pre-season period on circulation and hematological parameters of well-trained male football players.  Material and Methods. Fourteen male football players who competed in the U19 category of a football team in Turkish Football Super League participated in the study voluntarily. In the study, players’ systolic - diastolic blood pressures and resting heart rates were measured and their blood samples were taken before and after the 6-week training period. Laboratory analysis was made to determine counts and concentration percentage of erythrocyte, leukocyte, and platelet sub-parameters. Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test was performed to determine the difference between pre and post measurements. Results. Our findings indicated that baseline mean values of lymphocyte, mean cell hemoglobin, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration were significantly higher than posttest mean values. The mean of diastolic blood pressure and resting heart rate measured before the preseason training camp were lower than their posttest mean values (p > .05). Conclusion. It is thought that the decrease in the mean values of diastolic blood pressure and resting heart rate caused by the effect of regular training during the preseason training period, while the increase in the mean values of mean cell haemoglobin and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration caused by the increased oxygen demand of the metabolism during the training period.  

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Author Biographies

Gökmen Özen, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
gokmenozen44@gmail.com; Department of Physical Education and Sports Teaching, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University; Çanakkale,Turkey.
Özdermir Atar, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
demiratar@gmail.com; Department of Coaching Education, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University; Çanakkale,Turkey
Hüseyin Ö. Yurdakul, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
hoyurdakul@gmail.com; Department of Physical Education and Sports Teaching, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University; Çanakkale,Turkey.
Bayram Pehlivan, İstanbul Gelişm University
bpehlivan@gmail.com; İstanbul Gelişm University; İstanbul,Turkey.
Hürmüz Koç, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
hurmuzkoc@gmail.com; Department of Coaching Education, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University; Çanakkale, Turkey

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Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Özen G, Atar Özdermir, Yurdakul H, Pehlivan B, Koç H. The effect of pre-season football training on hematological parameters of well-trained young male football players. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2020;24(6):303-9. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2020.0605
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