Differences in the degree of nutrition and body composition of boys and girls of pubertal age

Keywords: obesity, health, growth, development, Body Mass Index, Body Height, Body Weight

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The nutritional status of children can be assessed on the basis of clinical examination, laboratory procedures and anthropometric measurements. Height and body weight are most often used to determine nutrition. Children and adolescents who are at risk of being overweight often also become obese adults. Material and Methods. The research was conducted on a sample of 136 students (67 boys and 69 girls), with an average age of 11.56 years. The aim of the study was to determine the degree and differences in the degree of nutrition and body composition in boys and girls of pubertal age. Results. Based on the obtained results, T-test for small independent samples, it was determined that there are no statistically significant differences between boys and girls, both in the degree of nutrition and body composition, estimated by 10 variables using bioelectric impedance InBody 720. Also, it was found that 19.70% of boys are obese, as well as 17.40% of girls. Cumulatively with the percentage of malnourished respondents, a total of 61.50% of boys were not normally fed, as were 37.70% of girls. The obtained results indicate the need for a more extensive review of the analysed segments and a significantly larger sample of respondents, in order to act preventively in the fight against obesity, as the leading epidemiological health problem of today. Conclusion. It is obvious that physical activity based on physical education classes is not sufficient or is not sufficiently represented to meet the challenges of the modern way of life of children.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 410 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

Elvira Nikšić, University of Sarajevo
elvira.beganovic1982@gmail.com; Faculty of Education Science,  University of Sarajevo; 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Marko Joksimović, National Football Club
nicifor007@outlook.com; Football Club Nacional, Ljajkovići bb 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro.
Edin Beganović, University of Sarajevo
edinn.beganovic@hotmail.com;  Faculty of Physical Education and Sport,  University of Sarajevo,  71000 Sarajevo; Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Novica Gardašević, Primary school Dobrislav Đ. Perunović
nowica@t-com.me; Primary school Dobrislav Đ. Perunović, 81400 Nikšić, Montenegro.

References

1. Banjari I, Odobaša R. Poverty and extremes in nutritional status of children. 27th International Scientifics Conference on Economic and Social Development, Roma, 2018. P.537-545.

2. Taljić I. Ishrana školske djece i adolescenata [Nutrition of school children and adolescents]. Sarajevo: University of Sarajevo, Center for Interdisciplinary Studies; 2019. (In Serbian).

3. Nikšić E, Rašidagić F, Beganović E. Postural disorders in primary school students, their prevention and correction. Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Sarajevo. 2019. (In Serbian).

4. Kolarić T, Nožinić D. Pretilost-loše navike ili stil života današnjice [Obesity — bad habits or the lifestyle of today]. [In Serbian]. Split: Croatian Spring Pediatric School; 2016. (In Serbian).

5. WOF/WHO, World Obesity Federation and World Health Organization: Taking Action on Childhood Obesity Report. World Health Organization; 2018.

6. Kumar MD, Kelly AS. Review of Childhood Obesity: From Epidemiology, Etiology, and Comorbidities to Clinical Assessment and Treatment. Mayo Clinical Proceedings, 2017; 92(2):251-265.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2016.09.017

7. Baranowski T, Taveras EM. Childhood Obesity Prevention:Changin the focus. Chilehood Obesity, 2018; 14(1): 1-3.
https://doi.org/10.1089/chi.2017.0303

8. Paić A. Utjecaj roditelja na stanje uhranjenosti te prehrambene i životne navike djece starosti 7 godina [The influence of parents on the state of nutrition and eating and living habits of children aged 7 years]. [In Serbian]. Osijek: Specialist paper, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology; 2019. (In Serbian).

9. Dopsaj M, Milošević M, Vučković G, Blagojević M, Mudrić R. Dijagnostika stanja indeksa telesne mase studenata Policijske akademije [Diagnostics of the body mass index of students of the Police Academy. Sportska Medicina. 2005; 5(4): 180-191. (In Serbian).

10. Marfell-Jones M, Olds T, Stew A, Carter L. International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment. Australia: The International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry; 2006.
https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203970157

11. Kuczmarski R, Kuczmarski MF, Roche AF. 2000 CDC Growth Charts: Background for Clinical Application. Top Clin Nutr. 2002; 17(2): 15- 26.
https://doi.org/10.1097/00008486-200203000-00006

12. Aandstad A, Holtberget K, Hageberg R, Holme I, Anderssen SA. Validity and reliability of bioelectrical impedance analysis and skinfold thickness in predicting body fat in military personnel. Military Medicine. 2014; 179(2): 208- 217.
https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-12-00545

13. Lim JS, Hwang JS, Lee JA, Kim DH, Park KD, Jeong JS, et al. Cross-calibration of multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis with eight-point tactile electrodes and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for assessment of body composition in healthy children aged 6-18 years. Pediatrics International, 2009;51:263–8.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200X.2008.02698.x

14. Tompuri TT, Lakka TA, Hakulinen M, Lindi V, Laaksonen DE, Kilpeläinen TO, et al. Assessment of body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, bioimpedance analysis and anthropometrics in children: the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children study. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging, 2015;35:21–33.
https://doi.org/10.1111/cpf.12118

15. World Medical Association. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. JAMA, 2013; 310 (20).
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2013.281053

16. Mitrović N, Pelemiš M, Pelemiš V. Analiza uhranjenosti kod dečaka i devojčica mčađeg školskog uzrasta [Nutritional analysis in boys and girls of school age]. Bijeljinski medicinski časopis, 2014;1: 41-48. (In Serbian).

17. Ebbeling CB, Pawlak DB, Ludwig DS. Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure. Lancet, 2002; 360(9331): 473-482.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(02)09678-2

18. Jaksic M, Martinovic M, Belojevic G, Kavaric N, Asanin B, Samardzic M, et al. Prevalence of and contributing factors to overweight and obesity among the schoolchildren of Podgorica, Montenegro. Srp Arh Celok Lek, 2017;145:20–5.
https://doi.org/10.2298/SARH151117003J

19. Đurašković R, Pantelić S, Nikolić M, Popović-Ilić T. Razlike u težinsko visinskim odnosima i uhranjenosti učenika starih 7 godine merenih 1988 i 2008. godine [Differences in weight-height ratios and nutrition of 7-year-old students measured in 1988 and 2008]. Glasnik antropološkog društva Srbije. 2008; 47: 181-191. (In Serbian).

20. Perroni F, Pintus A, Frandino M, Guidetti L, Baldari C. Relationship Among Repeated Sprint Ability, Chronological Age, and Puberty in Young Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2018; 32(2): 364-371.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001799

21. Despotović M, Alekxopulos H, Despotović M, Ilić B. Stanje uhranjenosti dece predškolskog uzrasta [Nutritional status of preschool children]. Medicinski časopis, 2013; 47(2): 62-68. (In Serbian).

22. Kosti RI, Panagiotakos DB. The epidemic of obesity in children and adolescents in the world. Central European Journal of Public Health, 2006; 14(4): 151-159.
https://doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a3398

23. Đurković M. Gojaznost kao politički i teorijski problem [Obesity as a political and theoretical problem]. Medicinski glasnik.,2012; 44(17): 32-49. (In Serbian).
https://doi.org/10.5937/medgla1244032D
Published
2021-02-25
How to Cite
1.
Nikšić E, Joksimović M, Beganović E, Gardašević N. Differences in the degree of nutrition and body composition of boys and girls of pubertal age. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2021;25(1):39-6. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2021.0106
Section
Articles