Effects of vertical and horizontal plyometric exercises on explosive capacity and kinetic variables in professional long jump athletes

Keywords: deep jump, plyometric, long jump, vertical and horizontal exercises

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. Athletic jumps are specific cyclically-acyclic movements that despite the good performance of the techniques require from competitors a high level of motor, specific-motor and functional abilities. The aim of this study was to examine the response effect of vertical and horizontal plyometric training on explosive capacity and kinetic variables in long jump athletes. Material and Methods. The participants of this study were twenty professional jumpers (22.5 ± 4.2 years; 178.4 ± 9.8 cm; 70.3 ± 7.6 kg) who were divided into two groups: experimental (plyometric training) and control (standard training). They participated in the last track and field championship in country, moreover, three of them participated in the last Asian games, and one athlete participated in the world track and field championship. The experiments were conducted on June-July 2019 in twenty professional athletes. All tests were performed after a standard warm up protocol. The place of camera was always determined wisely around the jumping field to attain best photography. Organizing and controlling the imaging and motor analysis processes were done by a biomechanics expert. Results. Post training results in experimental group showed more improvement in 30 m sprint, vertical jump, horizontal velocity at take-off, and long jump completion, comparing the control group. Significant between group differences in all variables were detected post training. No significant post training improvements in flight time and take off duration were reported in control group. Conclusion. Vertical and horizontal plyometric training protocol was shown to be more effective in promoting improvement in explosive capacity than kinetic variables.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 88 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

Amir Vazini Taher, Education Administration, Physical Education and Sport Sciences
vazinitaher@gmail.com; Education Administration, Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Ratko Pavlović, University of East Sarajevo
pavlovicratko@yahoo.com; Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of East Sarajevo; East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Shahram Ahanjan, Amirkabir University of Technology
vazinitaher@gmail.com; Amirkabir University of Technology, Department of Physical Education, Iran.
Iryna Skrypchenko, Dnipropetrovs’k State University of Internal Affairs
sit71@ukr.net; Dnipropetrovs’k State University of Internal Affairs, Dnipro, Ukraine
Marko Joksimović, Football Club Nacional
nicifor007@outlook.com; Football  Club  Nacional; Podgorica, Montenegro.

References

1. Pavlovic R, Bonacin D, Stankovic D. Differences in Kinematic Parameters of the Long Jump between Male and Female Finalists of World Championships – Berlin 2009. International Journal of Science Culture and Sport, 2016; 4(4): 353– 366.
https://doi.org/10.14486/IntJSCS528

2. Smajlović N. Athletics/textbook. Sarajevo: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education; 2010.

3. Pavlović R. Athletics. Niš: Writers’ Association Branko Miljković; 2016.

4. Jaitner T, Mendoza L, Schöllhorn. Analysis of the long jump technique in the transition from approach to takeoff based on time-continuous kinematic data. European Journal of Sport Science, 2001; 1(5): 1– 12.
https://doi.org/10.1080/17461390100071506

5. Slawinski J, Termoz N, Rabita G, Guilhem G, Dorel S, Morin JB, et al. How 100-m event analyses improve our understanding of world-class men's and women's sprint performance. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2017; 27: 45– 54.
https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12627

6. Morin JB, Bourdin M, Edouard P, Peyrot N, Samozino P, Lacour JR. Mechanical determinants of 100-m sprint running performance. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2012; 112: 3921– 3930.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-012-2379-8

7. Mero A, Komi PV, Gregor RJ. Biomechanics of sprint running. A review. Sports Med, 1992; 13: 376– 392.
https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199213060-00002

8. Loturco I, Pereira LA, Cal Abad CC, D'Angelo RA, Fernandes V, Kitamura K, et al. Vertical and horizontal jump tests are strongly associated with competitive performance in 100-m dash events. J Strength Cond Res, 2015; 29: 1966– 1971.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000849

9. Lees A, Fowler N, Derby D. A biomechanical analysis of the last stride, touch-down and take-off characteristics of the women's long jump. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1993; 11(4): 303– 314.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640419308730000

10. Pavlović R. The morphological status of the finalist in jumping disciplines at the Beijing Olympics. SPORT SCIENCE- International Scientific Journal on Kinesiology, 2012; 5(2): 43–48.

11. Judge LW. Developing Speed Strength: In-Season Training Program for the Collegiate Thrower. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 2007;29:42–54.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00126548-200710000-00007

12. Contreras B, Vigotsky AD, Schoenfeld BJ, Beardsley C, McMaster DT, Reyneke JH, et al. Effects of a Six-Week Hip Thrust vs. Front Squat Resistance Training Program on Performance in Adolescent Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Strength Cond Res. 2017; 31: 999–1008.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001510

13. Kale M, Asci A, Bayrak C, Acikada C. Relationships among jumping performances and sprint parameters during maximum speed phase in sprinters. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 2272–2279.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b3e182

14. Loturco I, Kobal R, Kitamura K, Abad CCC, Faust B, Almeida L, et al. Mixed training methods: effects of combining resisted sprints or plyometrics with optimum power loads on sprint and agility performance in professional soccer players. Front Physiol, 2017; 8: 1034.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.01034

15. Kamnardsiria T, Janchaia W, Khuwuthyakorna P, Suwansrikhama P, Klaphajoneb J, Suriyachanc P. Knowledge-Based System Framework for Training Long Jump Athletes Using Action Recognition. JAIT 2015:182–93.
https://doi.org/10.12720/jait.6.4.182-193

16. Bridgett A, Galloway M, Linthorne NP. The Effect of Run-up Speed on Long Jump Performance. In: Scientific Proceedings of the XXth International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Cáceras, Spain, Caceras: Universidad De Extremadura; 2002. P. 80–83

17. Dobbs CW, Gill ND, Smart DJ, McGuigan MR. Relationship between vertical and horizontal jump variables and muscular performance in athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2015; 29(3):661–71.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000694

18. Fleck SJ, Kraemer W. Designing resistance training programs, 4E. Human Kinetics; 2014.

19. Faigenbaum AD, McFarland JE, Keiper FB, Tevlin W, Ratamess NA, Kang J, Hoffman JR. Effects of a short-term plyometric and resistance training program on fitness performance in boys age 12 to 15 years. Journal of sports science & medicine, 2007;6(4): 519.

20. Sharma SK, Saiyad S, Nandwani R. Effect of Plyometric Training on Long Jump Performance in Athletes. Ind Jour of Physioth and Occupat Therapy - An Inter Jour, 2013;7:181.
https://doi.org/10.5958/j.0973-5674.7.2.037

21. Canavan PK, Vescovi JD. Evaluation of power prediction equations: peak vertical jumping power in women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2004; 36(9):1589–93.
https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000139802.96395.AC

22. Kotzamanidis C. Effect of plyometric training on running performance and vertical jumping in prepubertal boys. J Strength Cond Res, 2006; 20(2): 441–445.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200605000-00034

23. Hewett TE, Stroupe AL, Nance TA, Noyes FR. Plyometric training in female athletes: decreased impact forces and increased hamstring torques. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 1996; 24(6):765–73.
https://doi.org/10.1177/036354659602400611

24. Šimek-Šalaj S, Milanovic D, Jukic, I. The effects of proprioceptive training on jumping and agility performance. Kinesiology, 2007; 39(2): 131–141.

25. Marković G, Jukić I, Milanović D, Metikoš D. Effects of sprint and plyometric training on morphological characteristics in physically active men. Kinesiology, 2005; 37(1): 32–39.

26. Sharkey BJ. Physiology of fitness. Kuman kinetics; Chamaign; 1990.
Published
2021-04-30
How to Cite
1.
Vazini Taher A, Pavlović R, Ahanjan S, Skrypchenko I, Joksimović M. Effects of vertical and horizontal plyometric exercises on explosive capacity and kinetic variables in professional long jump athletes. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2021;25(2):108-13. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2021.0205
Section
Articles