Strength abilities: pattern recognition method in the management of the cumulative effect of strength loads in 8-year-old boys

Keywords: 8-year-old boys, cumulative training effect, strength loads, discriminant analysis

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The purpose of the study was to determine the peculiarities of using pattern recognition method in the management of the cumulative effect of strength loads in 8-year-old boys. Materials and methods. The study participants were 48 boys aged 8. The experiment was conducted using a 22 factorial design. The study materials were processed by the IBM SPSS 22 statistical analysis program. Discriminant analysis was performed. The study examined the impact of four variants of strength load on the formation of the cumulative training effect of three, six, nine, and twelve classes in 8-year-old boys. Results. The discriminant analysis provided information about the impact of four orthogonal variants of strength loads on the formation of the cumulative training effect of strength exercises of three, six, nine, and twelve classes in 8-year-old boys. The obtained data make it possible to choose a load mode at each step of the CTE formation and to manage schoolchildren’s strength training. Conclusions. The verification of the obtained discriminant functions shows their high discriminative ability and value in interpretation with respect to the general population (p < 0.05). It was found that the formation of the CTE of three classes is most influenced by the third load variant, six classes – by the third load variant, nine classes – the third load variant, twelve classes – the first load variant. The discriminant function structure coefficients made it possible to identify the factor structure of the CTE of 3, 6, 9, 12 classes, to find that the CTE3, CTE6 are associated with the work at the first place “Exercises to strengthen arm muscles”, the CTE9, CTE12 – with the work at the third (“Exercises to strengthen back muscles”) and the fourth (“Exercises to strengthen leg muscles”) places. The CTE of three, six, nine, and twelve classes depends on the modes of strength exercises and has different focuses. The CTE3 – speed and strength focus; CTE6, 9 – comprehensive focus; CTE12 – explosive-strength focus. The obtained values of centroids for the CTE of 3, 6, 9, 12 classes enable the management of schoolchildren’s strength training.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 211 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

Olha Ivashchenko, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
ivashchenko@hnpu.edu.ua; Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University; Kharkiv, Ukraine.
Oleg Khudolii, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
khudolii@hnpu.edu.ua;  Department  of  Theory and  Methodology of Physical Education, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University; Kharkiv, Ukraine.
Wladyslaw Jagiello, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
wjagiello1@wp.pl; Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland.

References

1. Jagiello W. Perkal’s method of natural indicators in the assessment of internal proportions of body composition in persons practising combat sports - a review. Archives of Budo, 2019;15:187–93.

2. Ivashchenko O. Research Program: Modeling of Motor Abilities Development and Teaching of Schoolchildren. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 2020; 20(1): 32–41.
https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.05

3. Khudolii O, Iermakov S, Ivashchenko O, Nosko M. Strength Abilities: Modeling of Immediate and Delayed Training Effect of Strength Loads in Boys Aged 8 Years. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 2020; 20(4): 248–255.
https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.4.08

4. Iermakov S, Khudolii O, Chupikhin D. Discriminant Analysis: Impact of the Number of Repetitions on the Effectiveness of Teaching Boys Aged 7 Throwing a Small Ball. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 2021; 2(2): 75–81.
https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.2.04

5. Khudolii O, Iermakov S, Bartik P. Didactics: Methodological Basis of Motor Learning in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, 2020;1(1): 5–13.
https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.1.01

6. Nikšić E, Beganović E, Joksimović M. The impact of the program of basketball, volleyball and handball on the situation-motorized capability of the first classes of the elementary school. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, 2020;24:85–92.
https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2020.0206

7. Iermakov S, Ivashchenko O, Khudolii O. Strength abilities: Assessment of cumulative training effects of strength loads of a series of classes in 8 years old boys. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2021; 21(s2): 1242–1250.
https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.s2158

8. Ivashchenko O, Khudolii O, Yermakova T, Veremeenko V. Power abilities: the structure of development in girls of 12-14 years old. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 2018;22(4):195–02.
https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0405

9. Luz C, Rodrigues LP, de Meester A, Cordovil R. The relationship between motor competence and health-related fitness in children and adolescents. Plos One. 2017;12(6).
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179993

10. Krivolapchuk IA, Chernova MB, Gerasimova AA. Effect of regular physical activity of various intensity on the functional status of 5-6 and 6-7-year-old children. Human Sport Medicine, 2020;20(2): 71–79.
https://doi.org/10.14529/HSM200209

11. Krutsevich T, Pangelova N, Trachuk S, Diedukh M. Features of the Reaction of the Cardiorespiratory System of Schoolchildren with Physical Loads on the Tradmile. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology. 2020;9(1):113-121.

12. Polevoy G. Development of coordination and speed-power abilities in children 8-9 years with the help of exercise Classics. Physical Activity Review, 2020; 8(1): 46–50.
https://doi.org/10.16926/par.2020.08.06

13. Smits-Engelsman BCM, Jelsma LD, Ferguson GD. The effect of exergames on functional strength, anaerobic fitness, balance and agility in children with and without motor coordination difficulties living in low-income communities. Human Movement Science, 2017;55:327–337.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2016.07.006

14. Veremeenko V, Khudolii O, Ivashchenko O. Motor abilities: methods of strength and strength endurance development in middle-school-aged boys in a 4-week physical training cycle. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 2019; 23(2): 102–111.
https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2019.0208

15. Nejmark IuI, Teklina LG. Planning an experiment in the study of specific dynamical systems using pattern recognition methods. Matematicheskie metody raspoznavaniia obrazov, 2007; 13(1): 194–196. (In Russian).

16. Nejmark IuI, Teklina LG. On possibilities of using pattern recognition methods to study mathematical models. Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, 2012; 22(1): 144–149.
https://doi.org/10.1134/S1054661812010282

17. Ivashchenko O, Khudolii O, Prusik K, Giovanis V. Strength Abilities: Immediate and Delayed Training Effects of Orthogonal Modes of Strength Training in Boys Aged 8 Years. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 2020; 20(2): 109–116.
https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.07

18. Ivashchenko O, Khudolii O, Iermakov S, Chernenko S, Honcharenko O. Full factorial experiment and discriminant analysis in determining peculiarities of motor skills development in boys aged 9. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2018; 18(4s): 1958–1965.
https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2018.s4289

19. Glass SC, Ahmad S, Gabler T. Effectiveness of a 2-Week Strength Training Learning Intervention on Self-selected Weight-Training Intensity. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2020; 34(9): 2443–2448.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003729

20. Bendikova E, Marko M, Rozim R, Martinsky L. Effect of 4-week physical program on musculoskeletal system changes in adolescent sport class students with focus on ice hockey. Physical Activity Review, 2019; 7: 63–70.
https://doi.org/10.16926/par.2019.07.08

21. Hagstrom AD, Shorter KA, Marshall PWM. Changes in Unilateral Upper Limb Muscular Strength and Electromyographic Activity after a 16-Week Strength Training Intervention in Survivors of Breast Cancer. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,. 2019; 33(1): 225–233.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.000000000000189

22. Iermakov S, Ivashchenko O, Khudolii O, Chernenko S. Strength Abilities: Assessment of Training Effects of Strength Loads in Boys Aged 8 Years. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 2020; 20(3):174–181.
https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.07

23. Floreani M, Rejc E, Taboga P, Ganzini A, Pišot R, Šimunič B, Biolo G, Reggiani C, Passaro A, Narici M, Rittweger J, Di Prampero PE, Lazzer S. Effects of 14 days of bed rest and following physical training on metabolic cost, mechanical work, and efficiency during walking in older and young healthy males. PLoS ONE, 2018; 13(3).
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0194291

24. Chaouachi A, Ben Othman A, Makhlouf I, Young JD, Granacher U, Behm DG. Global Training Effects of Trained and Untrained Muscles With Youth Can be Maintained During 4 Weeks of Detraining. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2019; 33(10): 2788–2800.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002606

25. Cavar M, Marsic T, Corluka M, Culjak Z, Cerkez Zovko I, Müller A, Tschakert G, Hofmann P. Effects of 6 Weeks of Different High-Intensity Interval and Moderate Continuous Training on Aerobic and Anaerobic Performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2019; 33(1): 44–56.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002798

26. Lockie RG. A 6-Week Base Strength Training Program for Sprint Acceleration Development and Foundation for Future Progression in Amateur Athletes. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 2018; 40(1): 2–12.
https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000341

27. Hale D, Kollock R, Pace J, Sanders G. Vertical jump and agility performance improve after an 8-week conditioning program in youth female volleyball athletes. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2019; 19(1): 765–771.
https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.01109
Published
2021-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Ivashchenko O, Khudolii O, Jagiello W. Strength abilities: pattern recognition method in the management of the cumulative effect of strength loads in 8-year-old boys. Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports. 2021;25(4):253-60. https://doi.org/10.15561/26649837.2021.0407
Section
Articles